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Ancient Science through the Golden Age of Greece

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

More than a history of Greek science, this fascinating book by an eminent science historian also provides a lucid account of ancient and early Greek cultures. Remarkably readable, thoroughly documented, and well illustrated, it covers problems of mathematics, astronomy, physics, and biology. "Magnificent." — Ashley Montagu, Saturday Review.

Synopsis:

Remarkably readable, thoroughly documented, and well illustrated, this fascinating book by an eminent science historian covers problems of mathematics, astronomy, physics, and biology.

Table of Contents

PART ONE ORIENTAL AND GREEK ORIGINS

I THE DAWN OF SCIENCE

    EARLY TECHNICAL PROBLEMS

    PREHISTORIC TRAVEL AND TRADE

    PREHISTORIC MEDICINE

    PREHISTORIC MATHEMATICS

    PREHISTORIC ASTRONOMY

    PURE SCIENCES

    DIFFUSION AND CONVERGENCE

II EGYPT

    THE INVENTION OF WRITING

    THE INVENTION OF PAPYRUS

    ASTRONOMY

    ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING

    MATHEMATICS

    TECHNOLOGY

    METALLURGY AND MINING

    "EGYPTIAN "SCIENCE"

    ART AND LITERATURE

    THE DAWN OF CONSCIENCE

III MESOPOTAMIA

    GEOGRAPHIC AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

    INVENTION OF WRITING

    ARCHIVES AND SCHOOLS

    THE BIRTH OF PHILOLOGY

    BABYLONIAN SCIENCE

    MATHEMATICS

    ASTRONOMY

    TECHNOLOGY

    GEOGRAPHY

    NATURAL HISTORY

    THE CODE OF HAMMURABI

    MEDICINE

    HUMANITIES

IV DARK INTERLUDE

    THE AEGEAN AREA

    THE AEGEAN CULTURE

    THE EARLY GREEK AND PHOENICIAN COLONIES. INVENTION OF THE ALPHABET

    THE CONTINUITY OF ORIENTAL INFLUENCES

    MATHEMATICAL TRADITIONS:

      Egyptian arithmetic

      Minoan arithmetic

      Egyptian geometry

      Babylonian mathematics

    ASTRONOMIC TRADITIONS

    BIOLOGIC AND MEDICAL TRADITIONS

    TECHNICAL TRADITIONS

    MYTHOLOGY

    THE DARKEST HOUR BEFORE THE DAWN

V THE DAWN OF GREEK CULTURE. HOMER AND HESIOD

    THE GREEK MIRACLE

    THE Iliad

    MINSTRELS AND RHAPSODISTS

    HOMER?

    MORE ABOUT THE Iliad

    THE Odyssey. HOMER II

    EARLY HOMERIC TRADITIONS

    WHAT DID HOMER TEACH?

    GEOGRAPHY

    MEDICINE

    OTHER ARTS AND CRAFTS

    "HOMER, THE FIRST EDUCATOR OF THE WESTERN WORLD"

    FÉNELON

    LEGENDS

    WOLF AND SCHLIEMANN

    HESIOD

    Works and days

    Descent of the gods

    HESIOD II

    HESIODIC STYLE AND TRADITION

    BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTES:

      Homer

      Hesiod

VI ASSYRIAN INTERMEZZO

VII IONIAN SCIENCE IN THE SIXTH CENTURY

    THE ASIATIC CRADLE OF GREEK SCIENCE

    "ASIA, THE HOME OF PROPHETS"

    MILETOS

    THE SEVEN WISE MEN

    THALES OF MILETOS

    ANAXIMANDROS OF MILETOS

    ANAXIMENES OF MILETOS

    CLEOSTRATOS OF TENEDOS

    XENOPHANES OF COLOPHON

    EGYPTIAN INTERLUDE

    "NECHO, KING OF EGYPT "

    "HECATAIOS OF MILETOS, THE FATHER OF GEOGRAPHY"

    GREEK TECHNICIANS OF THE SIXTH CENTURY

    CADMOS OF MILETOS

    THE RELIGIOUS BACKGROUND AND THE SUPERSTITIOUS UNDERGROUND

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

VIII PYTHAGORAS

    WHO WAS PYTHAGORAS?

    THE PYTHAGOREAN BROTHERHOOD AND THE EARLY PYTHAGOREAN DOCTRINES

    ARITHMETIC

    GEOMETRY

    ASTRONOMY

    MUSIC AND ARITHMETIC

    MEDICINE

    ALCMAION AND DEMOCEDES

    NUMBERS AND WISDOM

    THE PURSUIT OF KNOWLEDGE IS THE GREATEST PURIFICATION

PART TWO THE FIFTH CENTURY

IX GREECE AGAINST PERSIA. THE GLORY OF ATHENS

    THE PERSIAN WARS

    FIFTY YEARS OF RELATIVE PEACE

    LYRIC POETRY

    THE ARTS

    TRAGEDY

    COMEDY

    THE FIFTH CENTURY ITSELF A TRAGEDY

    THE DANGER OF COMPARING THE PAST WITH THE PRESENT

X PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE TO THE DEATH OF SOCRATES

    HERACLEITOS OF EPHESOS

    ANAXAGORAS OF CLAZOMENAE

    THE ELEACTIC SCHOOL. PARMENIDES AND ZENON OF ELEA

    MELISSOS OF SAMOS

    EMPEDOCLES OF AGRIGENTUM

    THE ATOMISTS

    LEUCIPPOS AND DEMOCRITOS

    THE SOPHISTS

    "PROTAGORAS OF ABDERA, GORGIAS OF LEONTINI, AND ANTIPHON OF RHAMNOS"

      Protagoras of Abdera

      Gorgias of Leontini

      Antiphon of Rhamnos

    SOCRATES OF ATHENS

    THE BOOK OF JOB

XI "MATHEMATICS, ASTRONOMY, AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE FIFTH CENTURY"

    MATHEMATICS

      ZENON OF ELEA

      DEMOCRITOS OF ABDERA

      HIPPOCRATES OF CHIOS

      OINOPIDES OF CHIOS

      HIPPIAS OF ELIS

      THE ODOROS OF CYRENE

      ANTIPHON THE SOPHIST

      BRYSON OF HERACLEA

    ASTRONOMY

      PARMENIDES OF ELEA

      PHILOLAOS OF CROTON

      HICETAS OF SYRACUSE

      ECPHANTOS OF SYRACUSE

      THE ASTRONOMIC VIEWS OF LEUCIPPOS AND DEMOCRITOS

      OINOPIDES OF CHIOS

      METON AND EUCTEMON

    TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

      ARTACHAIES THE PERSIAN

      AGATHARCHOS OF SAMOS

      HIPPODAMOS OF MILETOS

      THE SILVER MINES OF LAURION

XII GEOGRAPHERS AND HISTORIANS OF THE FIFTH CENTURY

    GEOGRAPHY

    SCYLAX OF CARYANDA

    SATASPES THE ACHAIMENIAN

    HANON OF CARTHAGE

    HIMILCON OF CARTHAGE

    "THE HISTORIANS: HERODOTOS, THUCYDIDES, AND CTESIAS"

    HERODOTOS OF HALICARNASSOS

    THUCYDIDES OF ATHENS: The plague of Athens

    HERODOTOS AND THUCYDIDES

    CTESIAS OF CNIDOS

XIII "GREEK MEDICINE OF THE FIFTH CENTURY, CHIEFLY HIPPOCRATIC"

    FROM HOMER TO HIPPOCRATES

    THE SCHOOL OF CNIDOS

    THE SCHOOL OF COS

    HIPPOCRATES OF COS

    HIPPOCRATIC MEDICINE:

    1. Anatomy and physiology

    2. Prognosis versus diagnosis

    3. What diseases did the Hippocratic physicians know?

    4. Hygiene and therapeutics

    5. Medical climatology

    6. Scientific aspects of Hippocratism

    7. Psychologic healing

    THE HIPPOCRATIC ACHIEVEMENTS

    THE ASCLEPIADAI

XIV THE HIPPOCRATIC CORPUS

    COMPLETE OR PARTIAL GENUINENESS OF THE HIPPOCRATIC WRITINGS

    EARLY COMMENTARIES: Printed editions

      MAIN MEDICAL WRITINGS

      1. "The sacred disease, De morbo sacro, Peri hieres nosu"

      2. "Prognostic, Prognostica sive praenotiones, Prognosticon"

      3. "Regimen in acute diseases, De di

      29. "Percepts, Praecepta, Parangeliai"

      LETTERS

      30. APOCHRYPHAL LETTERS

          "THE MEDIEVAL TRADITION OF HIPPOCRATES: Second half of the twelfth century, First half of the thirteenth century, Second half of the thirteenth century, First half of the fourteenth century, Second half of the fourteenth century"

XV COAN ARCHAEOLOGY

PART THREE THE FOURTH CENTURY

XVI PLATO AND THE ACADEMY

    POLITICAL BACKGROUND

    SCOPAS AND PRAXITELES

    PLATO'S LIFE

    THE ACADEMY (387 B.C. TO A.D. 529)

    LATER HISTORY OF THE ACADEMY (348 B.C. TO A.D. 529)

    ORIENTAL INFLUENCES

    THE THEORY OF IDEAS

  PLATOS WRITINGS

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY

    PLATO'S WORKS AND THEIR CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

    POLITICS

    THE GREAT BETRAYAL

    PLATO'S POLITICAL PROBLEM

    LEADERSHIP

    POLITICS AND MATHEMATICS

    NEITHER FREEDOM NOR TRUTH IN THE REPUBLIC

    PLATO'S RELIGION

    PLATO'S LACK OF HUMANITY

    THE Timaios

    PLATONIC LOVE

    CONCLUSION

    A NOTE ON THE ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL TRADITION OF THE Timaios

XVII MATHEMATICS AND ASTRONOMY IN PLATO'S TIME

    MATHEMATICS

      THEAITETOS

      LEODAMOS

      "NEOCLEIDES, AND LEON"

      ARCHYTAS OF TARENTUM

      EUDOXUS OF CNIDOS

    ASTRONOMY

      KIDINNU

      "THE PRECURSORS OF SCIENTIFIC ASTRONOMY: PHILOLAOS, HICETAS, AND ECPHANTOS"

      "THE FOUNDER OF SCIENTIFIC ASTRONOMY, EUDOXOS OF CNIDOS, AND HIS THEORY OF HOMOCENTRIC SPHERES"

      THE ASTRONOMIC FANCIES OF PLATO AND PHILIP OF OPUS. THE INTRODUCTION OF SIDEREAL RELIGION INTO THE WESTERN WORLD

      THE Epinomis

XVIII XENOPHON

    XENOPHON'S WRITINGS

    PLATO AND XENOPHON

    XENOPHON AS EDUCATOR

    FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE

    XENOPHON'S VIEWS ON DIVINATION

    XENOPHON'S HUMOR

    XENOPHON'S INFLUENCE

XIX ARISTOTLE AND ALEXANDER THE LYCEUM

    THE GROWTH OF MACEDONIAN POWER

    THE LIFE OF ARISTOTLE

    "THE LOST ARISTOTLE. HIS EARLY, PLATONIC WRITINGS"

    THE LIVING ARISTOTLE. HIS PERMANENT WRITINGS

    "EDITIONS, TRANSLATIONS, INDEXES"

    ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND THE MACEDONIAN EMPIRE

    THE LYCEUM

    ITS FOUNDATION AND EARLY HISTORY

    EARLY COMMENTATORS

    SOME ASPECTS OF ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY

    THE ORGANON

XX "MATHEMATICS, ASTRONOMY, AND PHYSICS IN ARISTOTLES TIME"

    MATHEMATICS

      ARISTOTLE THE MATHEMATICIAN

      SPEUSIPPOS OF ATHENS

      XENOCRATES OF CHALCEDON

      MENAICHMOS

      DEINOSTRATOS

      THEUDIOS OF MAGNESIA

      EUDEMOS OF RHODES

      ARISTAIOS THE ELDER

      MATHEMATICS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE FOURTH CENTURY

    ASTRONOMY

      HERACLEIDES OF PONTOS

      CALLIPOS OF CYZICOS

      ARISTOTLE THE ASTRONOMER

      AUTOLYCOS OF PITANE

      ASTRONOMY IN ARISTOTLE'S TIME

    PHYSICS

      PHYSICS IN THE EARLY LYCEUM

      GREEK MUSIC. ARISTOXENOS OF TARENTUM

XXI THE NATURAL SCIENCES AND MEDICINE IN ARISTOTLE'S TIME

    GEOGRAPHY

      ARISTOTLE THE GEOGRAPHER

      PYTHEAS OF MASSILIA

      NEARCHOS THE CRETAN

      DICAIARCHOS OF MESSINA

    ZOÖLOGY AND BIOLOGY

      "ARISTOTLE, THE ZOÖLOGIST, THE BIOLOGIST: Comparative anatomy and physiology, Habits of animals, Embryology"

    BOTANY

      THE RHIZOTOMISTS

      ARISTOTLE THE BOTANIST

      THEOPHRASTOS OF ERESOS

      THE FATHER OF BOTANY

    GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY

      EARLY KNOWLEDGE

      THEOPHRASTOS THE MINERALOGIST

    MEDICINE

      ARISTOTLE THE PHYSICIAN

      THE DOGMATIC SCHOOL. DIOCLES OF CARYSTOS

      MENON

XXII ARISTOTELIAN HUMANITIES AND HISTORIOGRAPHY IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE FOURTH CENTURY B.C.

    ECOLOGY

    ETHICS

    POLITICS

    "HISTORIOGRAPHY: Ephoros of Cyme, Theopompos of Chios"

    HISTORIANS OF SCIENCE:

      Rhetoric

      Poetics

    CONCLUSION

XXIII OTHER THEORIES OF LIFE AND OF KNOWLEDGE. THE GARDEN AND THE PORCH

    THE CYNICS

    THE SKEPTICS

    EUHEMERISM

    THE GARDEN OF EPICUROS

      EPICUROS OF SAMOS

      EPICUREAN PHYSICS AND PHILOSOPHY

      EPICUROS' STRUGGLE AGAINST CLERICALSM AND SUPERSTITION

      THE SCHOOL

      EPICROS' CHARACTER

      HIS DEATH

    THE STOA

      ZENON OF CITION

      STOIC SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY

      BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SCHOOL

EPILOGUE

XXIV THE END OF A CYCLE

  GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

  INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486144986
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Subject:
main_subject
Author:
Sarton, George
Subject:
all_subjects
Subject:
History
Subject:
Greek Origins of Science
Subject:
Egyptian Science
Subject:
History of science
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Publication Date:
20111117
Binding:
Electronic book text in proprietary or open standard format
Language:
English
Pages:
688
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.38 in 1.51 lb

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » World History » Ancient History
Reference » Science Reference » General
Science and Mathematics » History of Science » General

Ancient Science through the Golden Age of Greece
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Product details 688 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486144986 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Remarkably readable, thoroughly documented, and well illustrated, this fascinating book by an eminent science historian covers problems of mathematics, astronomy, physics, and biology.
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