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Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia (Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia)

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Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia (Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Aakjaer, Jeppe (1866-1930) Danish poet and novelist. As a novelist, Aakjaer was intensely concerned with social misery and need for reform. "Vredens born (The Children of the Wrath, 1904)" described the oppressed existence by servants on peasant farms. He is best known, however, for his lyric poetry, in which he celebrates the courage of the peasants and the beauties of his native Jutland. A merry simplicity characterizes the poetry of such collections as "Fri felt" (1906), "Rugens sange" (1906; tr" Songs of the Heath," 1962) and "Den Sommer og den Eng" (1910).

Aaron In the Bible, the brother of Moses, the founder of the priesthood and the first high priest.
He helped Moses in calling down the Ten Plagues and leading the Children of Israel out of Egypt (c1200 bc). Aaron directed the construction of the golden calf, which was idolatrously worshiped by the Israelites as the god of their deliverance, while Moses was receiving the Ten Commandments (Ex. 32). Aaron did not receive an inheritance in Canaan, as a punishment for doubting God's ability to bring water out of a rock.

Aaron's Rod The name given to the rod of the tribe of Levi, used by Aaron during the Ten Plagues and the crossing of the Red Sea. When Aaron left his rod in front of the Ark, in the Tabernacle, it miraculously blossomed and bore almonds. This was interpreted as evidence of Jehovah's choice of Aaron as high priest (Num. 17:8).

Abaddon The angel of the bottomless pit in "The Revelation of St. John the Divine." Milton uses the name for the bottomless pit itself.

Abbassids The second long dynasty (thirty-seven Caliphs, 750-1258) of the Muslim Empire. They claimed descent from Abbas (566-652), eldestuncle of Muhammed. Their reign was most firmly established and the court at Baghdad most splendid under Haroun-al-Raschid (785-809), the Caliph described in the "Arabian Nights," and his son Mamun (813-833).

Abbaye Group A group of French writers and artists. The members bought a house in Cr‚ teil near Paris and called it L'Abbaye. They lived there communally for fourteen months (1906-7), supporting themselves in part by printing and selling books. The Abbaye press issued "La Vie unanime" (1908) of Jules Romains, a frequent visitor to the Abbaye. After their separation, members of the group were influential in spreading Romains's ideas of unanimism. Among the group were Ren‚ Arcos (1881-1948), Georges Duhamel, Luc Durtain (1881-1959), Pierre-Jean Jouve, Charles Vildrac (1882-1971), and the cubist painter Albert Gleizes (1881-1953). The group's experience was the subject of Duhamel's novel "Le Desert de BiŠ vres" (1937).

Abbey, Edward (1927-1989) American novelist and essayist. Abbey is best known for his celebration of southwest Utah's slickrock country. One of the more overtly political modern American nature writers, he advocated the preservation of the wilderness and was a tireless critic of the forces which, in his view, desecrated it. In "Desert Solitaire" (1968), a nonfiction account of summers spent as a ranger in Arches National Monument, Abbey portrays a starkly beautiful desert landscape that is threatened by so-called "industrial tourism." "The Monkey-Wrench Gang" (1975), a novel about a merry band of eco-terrorists, was taken up by the environmental group, Earth First!. Novels like "The Brave Cowboy" (1956) and "Fire on the Mountain" (1962), furtherexplore the fate of strong-willed individualists confronting the technocratic forces of industry and government. rb

Abbey Theatre The famous Dublin playhouse, which opened in 1904 with performances of W. B. Yeats's "On Baile's Strand" (1904). The theatre, which was founded for the production of plays by and about the Irish, was an outgrowth of older literary and dramatic groups, the Irish Literary Theatre (1899) and the Irish National Theatre Society (1902), the latter of which was founded by Yeats and Lady Gregory. Thanks to a subsidy from Mrs. A. E. F. Horniman, the Irish National Theatre Society was given use of the theatre; in 1910, with funds from public subscription, the company purchased the theatre. The building burned in 1951 and was reopened in 1966. Among the many dramatists associated with the early days of the theatre were J. M. Synge, Sean O'Casey, A.E. (q.v.), Padraic Colum, and G. B. Shaw. See Irish Renaissance.

Abbott, George (1887-1995) American playwright, producer, and director. Abbott became well-known on Broadway as the coauthor and director of popular plays including "Broadway" (1926) and "Coquette" (1928). His productions of "Three Men on a Horse" (1935) and "The Boys from Syracuse" (1938), based on A Comedy of Errors, established him as New York's high priest of farce. Other Abbott hits, most of which were collaborations, include "Call Me Madam" (1950), "The Pajama Game" (1954), "Damn Yankees" (1955), and "Fiorello!" (1959; with Jerome Weidman), for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. He also wrote a candid autobiography, "Mister Abbott" (1963), and a novel, "Try-Out" (1979). In 1983 there was a revival of the musical "On Your Toes," and one of"Damn Yankees" ten years later. Abbott received a Drama League award in 1994.

Abdera A maritime city of Thrace whose inhabitants were proverbial in ancient times for their stupidity. "Abderitan laughter" came to mean scoffing or incessant laughter. It was so called because Abdera was the birthplace of Democritus, the laughing philosopher, who is regarded as the greatest among the Greek physical philosophers.

Abderite, The See Democritus.

Abednego See Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

Abe Kobo ((1924- ) Japanese novelist and playwright. Raised in prewar Manchuria, Abe Ko_bo_ represented the perpetual outsider in the Japanese literary world of the 1960s and 1970s. Trained as a doctor (and graduated with the promise that he would never practice) Abe's novels and plays are characterized by clinical observations, scientific nomenclature, and avant-garde techniques. Among his representative works are "Suna no onna" (1962; tr "The Woman in the Dunes," 1964), "Ta'nin no kao" (1964; tr "The Face of Another," 1966), "Moetsukita chizu" (1967; tr "The Ruined Map," 1969), "Mikkai" (1978; tr "Secret Rendezvous," 1979) and the play "Tomodachi" (1967; tr "Friends," 1969). Abe's works, many of which have been turned into films under the direction of Teshigahara Hiroshi, deal with such problems of modern urban life as alienation, loneliness, and loss of individual identity. rc

Abel See Cain.

Ab‚ lard, Pierre (1079-1142) French scholastic philosopher and theologian. Ab‚ lard studied under Ros- cellinus (b. 1050), exponent of extreme nominalism, then under William of Champeaux (1070-1121), supporter of realism. In this controversy of medieval theology, Ab‚ lard evolveda middle position called "conceptualism," holding that both particular objects and universal concepts are real. However, he angered the clergy, who emphasized faith rather than dialectic argument and proof, with his rationalistic approach to church dogma, especially the dogma of the Trinity. Thus Saint Bernard of Clairvaux persecuted him as a heretic, and Ab‚ lard died on his way to Rome to appeal to the Pope against a condemnation on this charge. Nevertheless, Ab‚ lard had been extremely popular as a lecturer; when he had to leave Notre Dame, his students followed him to various monasteries. His influence and his writings, such as Sic et non, increased the popularity of Aristotelian logic over that of Platonic theory.

His popular fame, however, resulted from his tragic love affair with H‚ lo‹ se. Moved

Book News Annotation:

**** Previous editions are cited in Books for College Libraries. This is a completely revised edition of the classic reference on world literature first published a half-century ago to serve general readers as a "well-organized supplementary memory, in one volume." Entries encompass all aspects of literature, including biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists, and belletrists; plot synopses and character sketches from important works; historical data on literary schools, movements, terms, and awards; and myths and legends.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

Long recognized as the outstanding reference on world literature, Benet' s Reader' s Encyclopedia is the one against which all others are measured, and is the single-most complete one-volume encyclopedia available for those with a serious interest in the subject.

The entries explore all aspects of literature from around the world: biographies of poets and playwrights, novelists and belle trists; plot synopses and character sketches from important works; historical data on literary schools, movements, terms and awards; myths and legends; and more.

Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition captures the diversity of today' s canon, with greater attention to African-American, Eastern, Middle Eastern, African, South American, Eastern European and women' s literature.

For nearly 50 years, this unique single-volume encyclopedia of world literature has been hailed as the best available. Here are over 10,000 informative entries, covering everything a reader could wish to know:

  • Biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists, essayists and belle trists from around the world and through the ages, from Aristophanes to Toni Morrison, from Chuang Tzu to Juan Rulfo.
  • Plot summaries of important literary works, ranging from Beowulf to Wuthering Heights to Things Fall Apart.
  • Sketches of principal characters from literature, from Salome to Leopold Bloom.
  • Myth, legend and folklore, covering everything from Isis to the Midgard Serpentto to the paladins.
  • Biographies of artists, musicians, philosophers and other historical personages ranging from Roman emperors to U.S. presidents who figure prominently in literature.
  • Accounts of significantschools and movements in literature, such as the Bloomsbury Group and the Beat writers.
  • Original titles, as well as the most familiar English titles, for works in languages other than English.
  • Recipients of major literary awards, including Pulitzer and Nobel prize winners.

And more...

For nearly 50 years, William Rose Benet and the editors who succeeded him have upheld the level of quality that distinguished the original Benet' s Reader' s Encyclopedia. Like its predecessors, this new edition will teach and delight, illuminate and expound, and enrich the pleasure of reading in countless ways.

Synopsis:

Long recognized as the outstanding reference on world literature, Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia is the one against which all others are measured, and is the single-most complete one-volume encyclopedia available for those with a serious interest in the subject.

The entries explore all aspects of literature from around the world: biographies of poets and playwrights, novelists and belle trists; plot synopses and character sketches from important works; historical data on literary schools, movements, terms and awards; myths and legends; and more.

Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition captures the diversity of today's canon, with greater attention to African-American, Eastern, Middle Eastern, African, South American, Eastern European and women's literature.

For nearly 50 years, this unique single-volume encyclopedia of world literature has been hailed as the best available. Here are over 10,000 informative entries, covering everything a reader could wish to know:

  • Biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists, essayists and belle trists from around the world and through the ages, from Aristophanes to Toni Morrison, from Chuang Tzu to Juan Rulfo.
  • Plot summaries of important literary works, ranging from Beowulf to Wuthering Heights to Things Fall Apart.
  • Sketches of principal characters from literature, from Salome to Leopold Bloom.
  • Myth, legend and folklore, covering everything from Isis to the Midgard Serpentto to the paladins.
  • Biographies of artists, musicians, philosophers and other historical personages ranging from Roman emperors to U.S. presidents who figure prominently in literature.
  • Accounts of significant schools and movements in literature, such as the Bloomsbury Group and the Beat writers.
  • Original titles, as well as the most familiar English titles, for works in languages other than English.
  • Recipients of major literary awards, including Pulitzer and Nobel prize winners.

And more...

For nearly 50 years, William Rose Benet and the editors who succeeded him have upheld the level of quality that distinguished the original Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia. Like its predecessors, this new edition will teach and delight, illuminate and expound, and enrich the pleasure of reading in countless ways.

About the Author

Bruce Murphy is a writer and poet who holds a bachelor's degree in English from Harvard University and master's degrees in English and Creative Writing from the University of Chicago and New York University respectively. His debut book of poems, Sing, Sing, Sing, was the first recipient of the Bobst Award.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780062701107
Subtitle:
Fourth Edition
Editor:
Murphy, Bruce
Editor:
Murphy, Bruce
Author:
Murphy, Bruce
Publisher:
Collins Reference
Location:
New York
Subject:
General
Subject:
Reference
Subject:
Art
Subject:
Literature
Subject:
Music
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Copyright:
Edition Number:
4
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Series:
Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia
Publication Date:
19960830
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
1168
Dimensions:
9.66x7.77x2.00 in. 4.11 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Fiction and Poetry » Literature » A to Z
Humanities » Literary Criticism » General
Humanities » Literary Criticism » Literary Reference
Reference » Books on Books

Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia (Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia) Used Hardcover
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$15.95 In Stock
Product details 1168 pages HarperCollins Publishers - English 9780062701107 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Long recognized as the outstanding reference on world literature, Benet' s Reader' s Encyclopedia is the one against which all others are measured, and is the single-most complete one-volume encyclopedia available for those with a serious interest in the subject.

The entries explore all aspects of literature from around the world: biographies of poets and playwrights, novelists and belle trists; plot synopses and character sketches from important works; historical data on literary schools, movements, terms and awards; myths and legends; and more.

Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition captures the diversity of today' s canon, with greater attention to African-American, Eastern, Middle Eastern, African, South American, Eastern European and women' s literature.

For nearly 50 years, this unique single-volume encyclopedia of world literature has been hailed as the best available. Here are over 10,000 informative entries, covering everything a reader could wish to know:

  • Biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists, essayists and belle trists from around the world and through the ages, from Aristophanes to Toni Morrison, from Chuang Tzu to Juan Rulfo.
  • Plot summaries of important literary works, ranging from Beowulf to Wuthering Heights to Things Fall Apart.
  • Sketches of principal characters from literature, from Salome to Leopold Bloom.
  • Myth, legend and folklore, covering everything from Isis to the Midgard Serpentto to the paladins.
  • Biographies of artists, musicians, philosophers and other historical personages ranging from Roman emperors to U.S. presidents who figure prominently in literature.
  • Accounts of significantschools and movements in literature, such as the Bloomsbury Group and the Beat writers.
  • Original titles, as well as the most familiar English titles, for works in languages other than English.
  • Recipients of major literary awards, including Pulitzer and Nobel prize winners.

And more...

For nearly 50 years, William Rose Benet and the editors who succeeded him have upheld the level of quality that distinguished the original Benet' s Reader' s Encyclopedia. Like its predecessors, this new edition will teach and delight, illuminate and expound, and enrich the pleasure of reading in countless ways.

"Synopsis" by , Long recognized as the outstanding reference on world literature, Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia is the one against which all others are measured, and is the single-most complete one-volume encyclopedia available for those with a serious interest in the subject.

The entries explore all aspects of literature from around the world: biographies of poets and playwrights, novelists and belle trists; plot synopses and character sketches from important works; historical data on literary schools, movements, terms and awards; myths and legends; and more.

Completely revised and updated, this fourth edition captures the diversity of today's canon, with greater attention to African-American, Eastern, Middle Eastern, African, South American, Eastern European and women's literature.

For nearly 50 years, this unique single-volume encyclopedia of world literature has been hailed as the best available. Here are over 10,000 informative entries, covering everything a reader could wish to know:

  • Biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists, essayists and belle trists from around the world and through the ages, from Aristophanes to Toni Morrison, from Chuang Tzu to Juan Rulfo.
  • Plot summaries of important literary works, ranging from Beowulf to Wuthering Heights to Things Fall Apart.
  • Sketches of principal characters from literature, from Salome to Leopold Bloom.
  • Myth, legend and folklore, covering everything from Isis to the Midgard Serpentto to the paladins.
  • Biographies of artists, musicians, philosophers and other historical personages ranging from Roman emperors to U.S. presidents who figure prominently in literature.
  • Accounts of significant schools and movements in literature, such as the Bloomsbury Group and the Beat writers.
  • Original titles, as well as the most familiar English titles, for works in languages other than English.
  • Recipients of major literary awards, including Pulitzer and Nobel prize winners.

And more...

For nearly 50 years, William Rose Benet and the editors who succeeded him have upheld the level of quality that distinguished the original Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia. Like its predecessors, this new edition will teach and delight, illuminate and expound, and enrich the pleasure of reading in countless ways.

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