Wintersalen Sale
 
 

Special Offers see all

Enter to WIN a $100 Credit

Subscribe to PowellsBooks.news
for a chance to win.
Privacy Policy

Tour our stores


    Recently Viewed clear list


    Original Essays | November 7, 2014

    Carli Davidson: IMG Puppies for Sale? Read This First



    Shake Puppies contains an almost unsettling amount of cuteness. There is a good chance after looking through its pages you will get puppy fever and... Continue »
    1. $12.59 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

      Shake Puppies

      Carli Davidson 9780062351722

    spacer
Qualifying orders ship free.
$9.50
Used Trade Paper
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
Qty Store Section
1 Burnside Philosophy- Dictionaries
1 Local Warehouse Philosophy- Dictionaries

This title in other editions

Other titles in the HarperCollins Dictionary series:

HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy Second Edition: In-Depth Explanations and Examples Covering More Than 3,000 Entries (HarperCollins Dictionary)

by

HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy Second Edition: In-Depth Explanations and Examples Covering More Than 3,000 Entries (HarperCollins Dictionary) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

A

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142) French medieval dialectician, logician, theologian; born near Nantes; lived in Brittany, where he was a monk at the Abbey of St. Denis; taught at Paris. (He is remembered popularly for his love affair with the beautiful and talented Heloise.) His principal works include "On the Divine Unity and Trinity," which was denounced and burned at the Eccesiastical Council at Soissons in 1121; and "Sic et Non," on dialectic, debate, and apologetics.

absolute (from Latin, "absolutus; ab," from, away + "solvere," loosen, free) 1. free from limitations, qualification, or restrictions (absolute being, absolute beauty, absolute good, absolute authority). 2. independent and not relative (absolute space, absolute time). 3. free from variability, change, error (That is the absolute truth.) 4. certain and true without reservation (Matter is physical.) 5. not arbitrary or relative but (a) as in aesthetics, objectively real and applicable; (Proportionality, symmetry, harmony, consistency, suggestibility, economy of attention, unity in variety, and richness of imagination are a few of the absolute standards by which a work of art is judged.); or (b) as in ethics, completely and universally binding ("It is an absolute duty.") 6. in metaphysics, "absolute" is used with concepts such as completeness, totality, all-inclusiveness, perfection, independence, objective reality; that which is underived, unconditioned, uncaused, unchanging, unwavering, pure, positive, simple, universal.

absolute, the 1. the ultimate, underlying reality, world ground, or cosmic principle that is the origin of existence and all its activity, unity, and variety (see entries under logos). 2.that being which depends on nothing else for its existence and activity, but (a) upon which all other things depend for their existence and activity and (b) to which they can ultimately be reduced. See necessary being (theology). 3. the all-inclusive, perfectly interrelated organic and thinking whole (reality, being) that is in the process of actualizing and fulfilling all finite, transient existence. See entries under idealism, absolute. 4. reality (being, substance) as it is in itself in contrast to its appearance to us. See entries under noumenon.

"The absolute" in all the above senses is regarded as one, perfect, eternal, uncaused, complete, all-embracing, infinite--actualized thought (spirit, ego) engaging in the multifarious activities of a finite and imperfect universe. The concept of "the absolute" is found in varieties of idealism. "The absolute" is not directly given to us in the world of phenomena or appearances and is often believed to be unknowable in any complete sense.

absolutism 1. the view that truth (value, reality) is objectively real, final, and eternal. 2. the belief that there is only one unchanging and correct objective explanation of reality. Contrast with entries under relativism and subjectivism. 3. in political theory, the demand for unquestioning allegiance to a ruler or ruling class.

abstraction (from Latin, "ab(s)," from, away + "trahere," draw, hence "draw away from") 1. that which is regarded apart from reference to any particular object or event and which represents symbolically, conceptually, or imaginatively something not directly or concretely perceivable in experience. Examples: the abstraction (abstract concept) of redness, justice,humanity. 2. the end product of a process (of abstracting) by which a quality, a relation, or some feature of a whole (class) is separated as an idea from that whole. 3. in traditional logic, the universal derived from an examination of what is common to a number of particular things. Abstraction is also the "process" of deriving a universal. Example: Deriving the universal "human" from an examination of particular instances of women and men.

abstractionism see hypostatization, reification/reism.

absurd (from Latin, "absurdus," harsh-sounding) 1. contrary to reason, to the rules of logic, to what is obvious to common sense and to the truth. 2. in existentialist philosophies, "absurd" refers to life's meaninglessness, inconsistency, and lack of structure. 3. nonsense, that which does not make sense or have meaning, and hence is not understandable. An example of an absurd statement is, "The time colored itself ready, and slept always awake." See category mistake.

accident (from Latin, "accidere," happen; from "ad," down, to + "cadere," fall) 1. an event that occurs without intention, foresight, necessity, or expectation, and need not have occurred at all. 2. that which interferes with (or assists in) a process without itself being necessary or integral to that process.

accidental attribute sometimes also referred to as "accidental property, characteristic, quality," or "predicate." 1. an attribute not definitely excluded by the essence of a thing that may or may not be possessed by that thing during its existence. Example: Having measles is an accidental attribute that may or may not be possessed by an individual. 2. a quality (characteristic, feature, property) of athing that (a) is not essential to the true nature of the thing, (b) is not needed by the thing in order to be what it is, and (c) cannot be inferred from the essential nature of that thing. Example: the redness of an apple. 3. an incidental quality of a thing that is not essential or necessary for its inclusion as a member of a particular class. Example: Having black skin is an accidental attribute that cannot be used to include or exclude a person from membership in the class "Homo sapiens." 4. the characteristic of a thing that can be removed or abstracted away without altering the essential and necessary defining characteristics of the thing. Example: Hearing is an important but accidental attribute to humanness. 5. a quality that is not self-sufficient but needs a persistent something or ground (a substance, an existent, matter) in order to exist. Examples: the spatial dimension of extension; a relation; order; position.

Compare with entries under attribute, quality, predicate, property.

accidentalism 1. the theory that some or all events do not have to happen as they do. 2. the theory that all events are caused, but (a) some cannot be predicted, and (b) some are inherently unpredictable. Compare with casualism, tychism. Occasionally used incorrectly as a synonym for indeterminism. Opposite to necessitarianism.

Achilles and the tortoise argument see zeno's paradoxes.

act/action (from Latin, "actum," a thing done, from "agere," drive, do) 1. that operation, function, or activity which has been done or is being done. Examples: counting, jumping, thinking, willing, bribing. 2. the exertion of energy resulting in a deed, performance, behavior, or event. Examples:slapping someone, hiding, painting, making a face. 3. the effect produced in something. Example: blinding a person. 4. a physical, bodily change or motion preceded by a personal act of will. 5. A physical act or action is an operation or activity that results in some other physical change. Example: "The action of the moon upon the oceans causes tidal waves."

See voluntary action.

act, pure see pure act.

activism (from Latin, "actum," a thing done) 1. the belief that action, as opposed to intellectual theorizing, is the way to truth and constructive social change. 2. in metaphysics, the theory that activity (process, change, action) is the essential and necessary feature of reality.

acts, speech

Synopsis:

Timely and comprehensive, the latest title in the HarperReference dictionary series--a reliable informational resource for students. This dictionary provides the 250,000 students enrolled in philosophy courses this year an indispensable, one-stop source for the vast terminology on the subject.

Synopsis:

The student of philosophy often feels bewildered by the vast terminology of the subject. HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy helps lessen the confusion by providing a single source of clear and understandable definitions of philosophic terms. Emphasis is on the areas most commonly covered in introductory philosophy courses: epistemology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics and the philosophies of religion and politics.

About the Author

Peter A. Angeles received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, New York.  He has taught philosophy at the University of Western Ontario, Canada; Albert Schweitzer College, Switzerland; the University of California at Santa Barbara; and in Arizona taught at Northern Arizona University, Yavapai College, Mesa College, Scottsdale College, and the University of Phoenix.  He is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Santa Barbara City College, where he taught and was Chairperson of the Department of Philosophy from 1970 to his early retirement in 1990.  He is the author of an Introduction to Sentential Logic; the Possible Dream: Toward Understanding the Black Experience; The Problem of God and Critiques of God (ed.); Dictionary of Christian Theology; When Blind eyes Pierce the Darkness; and numerous articles in scholarly journals.

He is currently living in Santa Barbara, California and writing a Dictionary of World Religions and a Dictionary of Philosophic Concepts for College Students and another series of 52 half-hour weekly children's stories for his radio show The Children's Story Time; and is writing and producing more of his one-act plays.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780064610261
Other:
Angeles, Peter A.
Publisher:
Collins Reference
Author:
Angeles, Peter A.
Author:
by Peter A Angeles
Author:
Ray, Deborah Kogan
Author:
Peterson, Jeanne Whitehouse
Location:
New York, NY :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Reference
Subject:
Dictionaries
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Philosophy -- Dictionaries.
Subject:
General Study Aids
Subject:
Situations / Special Needs
Subject:
Reference - General
Copyright:
Edition Number:
2
Edition Description:
Trade PB
Series:
HarperCollins Dictionary
Series Volume:
790
Publication Date:
19920831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
from K to 3
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
352
Dimensions:
8.01x5.28x.85 in. .58 lbs.
Age Level:
from 5 to 8

Other books you might like

  1. Dictionary of Philosophy Revised 2ND... Used Hardcover $10.50
  2. Very Short Introductions #74:... Used Trade Paper $6.95
  3. The Culture of Make Believe Used Trade Paper $9.95
  4. The Birth of Tragedy and the Case of... Used Trade Paper $4.50
  5. Descartes: Meditations on First... Used Trade Paper $7.50
  6. Myth and Philosophy: A Contest of Truths Used Trade Paper $31.00

Related Subjects

Humanities » Philosophy » Dictionaries
Humanities » Philosophy » General
Humanities » Philosophy » Surveys
Reference » General
Reference » Student Guides

HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy Second Edition: In-Depth Explanations and Examples Covering More Than 3,000 Entries (HarperCollins Dictionary) Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$9.50 In Stock
Product details 352 pages HarperCollins Publishers - English 9780064610261 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Timely and comprehensive, the latest title in the HarperReference dictionary series--a reliable informational resource for students. This dictionary provides the 250,000 students enrolled in philosophy courses this year an indispensable, one-stop source for the vast terminology on the subject.

"Synopsis" by , The student of philosophy often feels bewildered by the vast terminology of the subject. HarperCollins Dictionary of Philosophy helps lessen the confusion by providing a single source of clear and understandable definitions of philosophic terms. Emphasis is on the areas most commonly covered in introductory philosophy courses: epistemology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics and the philosophies of religion and politics.
spacer
spacer
  • back to top

FOLLOW US ON...

     
Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.