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1 Burnside Latin America- General

Modern Latin America


Modern Latin America Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

This popular text, now in its fourth edition, is a lively interpretive history that has been brought up to date in all areas, including the ongoing war against international drug trafficking, the difficulties and promises of NAFTA, the increasing trend toward democratic and pluralist politics, and the large-scale immigration of Latin Americans into the United States. As in earlier editions, the authors use an in-depth case-study approach that guides students through the major countries of Latin America, highlighting central themes such as European-New World interaction, racial mixtures, military takeovers, and U.S. intervention in the region. Completely expanded and updated throughout, this edition includes a broad overview of the region during the 1990s and provides a revised epilogue that takes stock of the recent developments, offering insights as to what the future holds for Latin America.


Includes bibliographical references (p. 437-452) and index.

Table of Contents


Prologue: Why Latin America?

Interpretations of Latin America

Analytical Themes in This Book

One. The Colonial Foundations, 1492-1880s

The European Context

Spanish America: From Conquest to Colony, 1492-1600

Spanish America: The Transformation of Colonial Society, 1600-1750

Portugese America: A Different World?

The Roots of Independence

The Colonial Response

Achieving Independence

The Brazilian Path to Independence

The Aftermath of Independence, 1830-1850

The Pull of the International Economy, 1850-1880s

Two. The Transformation of Modern Latin America, 1880s-1990s

Phase 1: Initiation of Export-Import Growth, 1880-1900

Phase 2: Expansion of Export-Import Growth, 1900-1930

Phase 3: Import-Substituting Industrialization, 1930-1960s

Phase 4: Stagnation in Import-Substituting Growth, 1960s-1980s

Phase 5: Crisis, Debt, and Democracy, 1980s-1990s

Women and Society

A Framework for Comparison

Three. Argentina: Prosperity, Deadlock, and Change

The Struggle over Nationhood

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

The Political System: Consensus and Reform

The Military Turns Back the Clock

Peronism and Peron

The Military Stewardship

The Failure of Developmental Reformism

The Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Solution

The Peronists Back in Power

The Military Returns

Transition to Democracy

Four. Chile: Socialism, Repression, and Democracy

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

Politics and Parliament

From Instability to Popular Front

The Era of Party Politics

Socialism via Democracy?

The Pinochet Regime


Five. Brazil: Development for Whom?

Dom Pedro I (1822-1831)

Dom Pedro II (1840-1889)

The End of the Empire

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

The End of the Empire

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

The First Republic (1889-1930)

Getulio Vargas and the Estado Novo

The Second Republic (1946-1964)

Military Rule

From Liberalization to Redemocratization

Six. Peru: Soldiers, Oligarchs, and Indians

The Independence Period

The Guano Age

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

Oligarchic Rule

Leguia: The Oncenio

The Reformist Critique

Flirting with Alternatives

Economic Liberalism and Political Vacillation

The Military Revolution

Back to Normal?

Seven. Mexico: The Taming of a Revolution

Mexico after Independence

The North American Invasion

The Diaz Era: Progress at a Price

The Mexican Revolution

Institutionalizing the Revolution

Stability, Growth-and Rigidity

North American Free Trade

Technocracy in Crisis

Eight. Cuba: Late Colony, First Socialist State

Dubious Independence

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

Politics: Corruption and Decay

Fidel Castro and the Making of the Revolution

Defining the Revolution

Decade of Experiment

Consolidating the Regime

The Struggle for Survival

Nine. The Caribbean: Colonies and Mini-States

The Colonial Period: Conquest and Competition

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

Haiti: Slave Republic, Voodoo Dictatorship

The Dominican Republic: Unfinished Experiment

Jamaica: Runaways and Revolutionary Socialism

Puerto Rico: From Settler Colony to Capitalist Showcase

Lesser Antilles: Struggle of the Micro-States

Ten. Central America: Colonialism, Dictatorship and Revolution

Colonial Background

Independence: The Struggle for Unification

Rafael Carrera and Conservative Supremacy

Liberal Theory and "Republican Dictatorships"

Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change

Panama: A Nation and a Zone

Costa Rica: Fragile Democracy

Nicaragua: From Dynasty to Revolution

Honduras: Rule by Military

El Salvador: From Stability to Insurgence

Guatemala: Reaction and Repression

Eleven. Latin America, The United States, and The World

From Independence to Pan Americanism

The Rise of U.S. Influence

The Consolidation of U.S. Influence

The Expression of U.S. Influence

The Nationalist Impulse

The Revolutionary Option

Democratic Reformers and the Alliance for Progress

Development and Debt

The End of the Cold War

Regional Economic Integration

The Social Agenda

Hispanic Culture within the United States

Epilogue: What Future for Latin America?

Preparing to Predict: Comparative Analysis

Dimensions of Change: Demography and Economics

Looking Ahead: Political Responses

Latin America: Closing the Socialist Route

The Prospects for Development Under Capitalism

What Will Happen to the Non-European Culuters in Latin America?

The Potential for Regional Conflict

Latin America's Contribution to the World

Statistical Appendix

Heads of State

Suggestions for Further Reading


Product Details

Smith, Peter H.
Oxford University Press
Smith, Peter H.
null, Thomas E.
null, Peter H.
Skidmore, Thomas E.
New York :
Edition Number:
Modern Latin America Paper
Series Volume:
no. 11
Publication Date:
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
24 halftones, 20 linecuts, 4 maps
9.1 x 6 x 0.9 in 1.45 lb

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