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Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies

by

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Approaches to Peace provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of classic articles and short literary selections focusing on the diverse aspects of peace and conflict studies. Readings cover the causes of war and proposed means of preventing it, so called negative peace, and also reflect upon the universal concern for positive peace. The material examines nonviolence movements, peace movements, religious inspirations, and our future prospects for peace. Contributors include Johan Galtung, Kenneth Boulding, Elise Boulding, and Alva Mydral. Contemporary pieces by Jonathan Schell, Richard Falk, Betty Reardon, and Vaclav Havel, and timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, the Bhagavad Gita, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Thoreau are included as well. The book's balanced and unbiased approach makes it easily adaptable to both general discussions of peace and conflict as well as the rapidly changing issues of the moment. Approaches to Peace is able to stand on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course. It is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings, allowing instructors to assign additional readings consistent with their own particular orientation. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection also provide a useful resource for students.

Synopsis:

Approaches to Peace provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of classic articles and short literary selections focusing on the diverse aspects of peace and conflict studies. Readings cover the causes of war and proposed means of preventing it, so called negative peace, and also reflect

upon the universal concern for positive peace. The material examines nonviolence movements, peace movements, religious inspirations, and our future prospects for peace. Contributors include Johan Galtung, Kenneth Boulding, Elise Boulding, and Alva Mydral. Contemporary pieces by Jonathan Schell,

Richard Falk, Betty Reardon, and Vaclav Havel, and timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, the Bhagavad Gita, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Thoreau are included as well. The book's balanced and unbiased approach makes it easily adaptable to both general discussions of peace and conflict as well

as the rapidly changing issues of the moment. Approaches to Peace is able to stand on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course. It is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings, allowing instructors to assign additional readings consistent

with their own particular orientation. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection

also provide a useful resource for students.

Table of Contents

Introduction


1. Approaches to War


Why War?, Sigmund Freud


On Aggression, Konrad Z. Lorenz


Warfare is Only an Invention - Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead


War and Other Essays, William Graham Sumner


The Guns of August, Margaret Tushman


Victims of Groupthink, Irving Janis


The Causes of War, Michael Howard


A Structural Theory of Imperialism, John Galtung


National Images and International Systems, Kenneth Boulding


Glamorized Nationalism: Some Examples in Poetry


Redefining Security: The New Global Schisms, Michael T. Klare


Study Questions


Suggested Reading


2. Building "Negative Peace"


The Moral Equivalent of War, William James


Getting to YES, Roger FisherandWilliam Ury


Disarmament Demands GRIT, Charles Osgood


The Conduct of Just and Limited War, William V. O'Brien


The Game of Disarmament, Alva Myrdal


The Gift of Time, Jonathon Schell


Finding the Future: The Rolse of Economic Conversion in Shaping the Twenty-First Century, Lloyd J. Dumas


International Law, David P. Barash


The Evolution of United National Peacekeeping, Marrack Goulding


Perpetual Peace, Immanuel Kant


Study Questions


Suggested Readings


3. Building "Positive Peace"


The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold


Human Rights, David P. Barash


The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, P. Friere


An Agenda for Change, Oxfam


Letter From a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.)


Study Questions


Suggested Readings


4. Nonviolence


Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau


Letter to Ernst Howard Crosby, Leo Tolstoy


Conscientious Objector, Edna St. Vincent Millay


Neither Victims Nor Executioners, Albert Camus


Ahimsa, or the Way of Nonviolence, Mohandas Gandhi


Civilian Resistance as a National Defense, Gene Sharp


Study Questions


Suggested Readings


5. Religious Inspiration


The Bhagavad Gita, Hindu


Tao De Ching, Taoist


Being Peace: Richt Nhat Hanh, Buddhist


The Old Testament, Jewish


The New Testament, Christian


Holy Disobedience, A.J. Muste


A Devout Meditation on Behalf of Adolf Eichmann, Thomas Menton


A Christian's View of the Arms Race, George F. Kennan


Study Questions


Suggested Readings


6. Peace Movements, Transformations, and the Future


Peace Movements in History, Nigel Young


Building Utopias in History, Elise Boulding


On Humane Governance, Richard Falk


Sexism and the War System, Betty Reardon


The Politics of Responsibility, Vaclav Havel


A Few Poetic Visions


Study Questions


Suggested Readings


Product Details

ISBN:
9780195123869
Subtitle:
A Reader in Peace Studies
Author:
Barash, David P.
Editor:
Barash, David P.
Author:
Barash, David P.
Author:
null, David P.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Peace
Subject:
International Relations
Subject:
Military - Other
Subject:
Treaties
Subject:
International Relations - Treaties
Subject:
Politics | Political Theory
Copyright:
Edition Number:
4
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Series Volume:
vol. 12, No. 1(G)
Publication Date:
19990729
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
, illus.
Pages:
288
Dimensions:
9.95x7.04x.56 in. 1.10 lbs.

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Politics » Activism and Peace Studies
History and Social Science » Politics » International Studies
History and Social Science » World History » General

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Product details 288 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195123869 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Approaches to Peace provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of classic articles and short literary selections focusing on the diverse aspects of peace and conflict studies. Readings cover the causes of war and proposed means of preventing it, so called negative peace, and also reflect

upon the universal concern for positive peace. The material examines nonviolence movements, peace movements, religious inspirations, and our future prospects for peace. Contributors include Johan Galtung, Kenneth Boulding, Elise Boulding, and Alva Mydral. Contemporary pieces by Jonathan Schell,

Richard Falk, Betty Reardon, and Vaclav Havel, and timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, the Bhagavad Gita, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Thoreau are included as well. The book's balanced and unbiased approach makes it easily adaptable to both general discussions of peace and conflict as well

as the rapidly changing issues of the moment. Approaches to Peace is able to stand on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course. It is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings, allowing instructors to assign additional readings consistent

with their own particular orientation. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection

also provide a useful resource for students.

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