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Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach

Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Medical anthropology encompasses a wide range of perspectives as it seeks to understand human health and illness. An ideal core text for introductory courses, Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach provides a current and accessible overview of this diverse and rapidly expanding field. Working from a Biocultural approach, Medical Anthropology examines the major health issues that affect most human societies, describing and synthesizing the ways in which biology, culture, health, and environment interact. It integrates up-to-date and relevant biological data with analyses of both evolutionary theory and the sociocultural conditions that often lead to major challenges to our health and survival.

Authors Andrea S. Wiley and John S. Allen first present basic biological information on a specific health condition and then extend their investigation to include evolutionary, historical, sociocultural, and political-economic perspectives. Topics covered include healers and healing; health, diet, and nutrition; child health, growth, and development; reproductive health; aging; infectious disease; behavioral disease; stress, social inequality, and race; and mental illness. Each chapter features a variety of case studies and examples--current and historical, local and global--that demonstrate how a medical anthropological perspective can shed important light on a particular health condition. In addition, the text is enhanced by numerous tables, figures, review questions, critical thinking questions, suggestions for accompanying ethnographies, and a glossary to help students better understand the material. Throughout the text, the authors consider how a biocultural anthropological approach could be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts. They also highlight the ways in which medical anthropology has the potential to help improve the health of populations around the world.

About the Author

Andrea S. Wiley is Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Human Biology Lab at Indiana University. She is the author of An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective (2004) as well as numerous articles in medical anthropology and related fields.

John S. Allen is Research Scientist at the Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center and the Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, where he is also Adjunct Research Associate Professor of Anthropology. He is a coauthor of Biological Anthropology: The Natural History of Humankind, Second Edition (2008).

Table of Contents

Chapters 2-4 and 6-12 end with a Conclusion.

Preface

Chapter 1: Introduction: A Biocultural Approach to Medical Anthropology

The Culture Concept

A Biocultural Perspective

Looking Ahead

Chapter 2: Anthropological Perspectives on Health and Disease

Definitions of Health

Disease

Illness

Sickness

The Locus of Health: The Body and Society

Biological/Medical Normalcy

Evolutionary Perspectives on Health

Adaptability

Behavioral Adaptability

Cultural Approaches in Medical Anthropology

Power Differentials and Health

Ethnomedical Systems

Interpretive Approaches to Illness and Suffering

Applied Medical Anthropology

Epidemiology

Chapter 3: Healers and Healing

Culture and Healing Systems

Recruitment: How Healers Become Healers

Alternative and Complementary Medicines

Acupuncture

Chiropractic

Navajo Medicine

When Biomedicine is Alternative Medicine

Death as a Biocultural Concept

Alternative Biomedicines

Placebo and Nocebo

Chapter 4: Diet and Nutrition in Health and Disease

Fundamentals of Nutrition

Digestive Physiology

An Evolutionary Approach to Nutrition

Nutrition and Chronic Diseases

Obesity

Diabetes

Lactose Intolerance

Salt and Hypertension

Celiac Disease

Chapter 5: Growth and Development

Life History Theory

Gestation: The First 40 Weeks of Growth and Development

Infancy

Childhood

Small but Healthy?

Is Bigger Better?

Puberty and the Onset of Adolescence

Teenage Pregnancy in the U.S.

Sex, Gender, Growth and Health

Environmental Toxins and Growth

The End of Childhood: Transitions to Adulthood

Chapter 6: Reproductive Health

Medicalization of Women's Health/Reproductive Health

Menstruation

Premenstrual Syndrome

Detriments of Fertility

Infertility

Falling Sperm Counts: Environmental Causes of Male Reproductive Health Problems

Female Genital Cutting

Pregnancy

Birth

Mothering

Menopause

Reproductive Events and Breast Cancer Risk

Chapter 7: Aging

The Aging Body

Physiological Theories of Aging

Somatic Mutations

Free Radicals

Wear and Degeneration

Evolutionary Theories of Aging

The Aging Brain

Extending Life? Caloric Restriction and an Okinawa Case Study

Health, Illness, and the Cultural Construction of Aging

Chapter 8: Infectious Disease: Introduction to Pathogens and the Immune System

Koch's Postulates

Taxonomy of Infectious Disease

Viruses

Bacteria

Protozoa

Fungi

Worms

Prions

How Pathogens Spread

Human Defenses against Pathogens

The Immune Response

How Does the Immune System Recognize Pathogens?

How Does the Immune System Respond to a Recognized Pathogen?

Pathogen Strategies for Avoiding Immune Destruction

Concealment

Antigenic drift and shift

Immunosuppression

Variation in Immune Response

Variation in the MHC

Undernutrition and Immune Response

Allergies and Asthma: Relationship to Infectious Disease Exposure?

The Hygiene Hypothesis

The Helminth Hypothesis

Variation in Pathogen Virulence

Chapter 9: Historical Perspectives on Infectious Disease in Human Populations

Origins of Infections in Humans

Agriculture's Effects on Infectious Disease

The Globalization of Infection

Smallpox

Colonization in the Tropics

Immigration, Ware, and Infection

Bioterrorism and Biological Warfare

The 1918 Influenza Epidemic

Chapter 10: Emerging and Resurging Infections: Biocultural Interactions Between Humans and Pathogens

Emergent and Resurgent Diseases

Malaria: An Early "Emergent" Disease

Malaria Life Cycle and Pathogencity

Genetic Adaptations to Malaria

Behavioral Adaptations to Malaria

Efforts to Control Malaria

Malaria as a Resurgent Disease

Cholera

Genetic Adaptation to Cholera: Cystic Fibrosis Alleles

Ecology of Cholera Resurgence

Dams and Infectious Disease

Onchocerciasis

Schistosomiasis

HIV/AIDS: A New Disease

How HIV Works

Cultural Responses to HIV

Origins of HIV

Tuberculosis: A Resurgent Disease

Biology and Pathogenicity of TB

TB as a Resurgent Disease

Chapter 11: Stress. Social Inequality, and Race and Ethnicity:Implications for Health Disparities

Biology of the Stress Response

The Nervous System Stress Response

The Hormonal Stress Response

Why is Stress Different for Humans?

Stress and Biological Normalcy

Stress and Health

Cardiovascular Disease

Immune Function

Immunosuppression

Autoimmunity

Child Growth

Inequality, Stress, and Health

Relative Status

Social Cohesion

Social Support

Race and Ethnicity and Health in the United States

Chapter 12: Mental Health and Illness

The Medical Model in Biocultural Context

Culture-Bound Syndromes

Eating Disorders

ADHD and Culture

Mood Disorders

Depression

Bipolar Disorder and Creativity

Schizophrenia

Epilogue: The Relevance of Medical Anthropology

What Can I Do Next if I am Interested in Medical Anthropology?

Graduate Programs in Anthropology

Public Health programs

Medical Schools and Clinical Health

Work in Governmental and Non-Governmental Health Agencies

Glossary

References Cited

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195308839
Subtitle:
A Biocultural Approach
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Author:
Wiley, Andrea S.
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Author:
Allen, John S.
Author:
null, Andreas
Author:
null, John S.
Subject:
Medical anthropology
Subject:
General
Subject:
Anthropology - General
Subject:
Anthropology | Medical
Subject:
Health and Medicine-General
Subject:
Education-General
Publication Date:
20080814
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
100 illus.
Pages:
480
Dimensions:
6 x 9.2 x 0.9 in 1.475 lb

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Anthropology » General
History and Social Science » Anthropology » Physical

Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach
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Product details 480 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195308839 Reviews:
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