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Original Essays | September 18, 2014

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1 Hawthorne Philosophy- General

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Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

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Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

There are few more important philosophers at work today than John Searle, a creative and contentious thinker who has shaped the way we think about mind and language. Now he offers a profound understanding of how we create a social reality--a reality of money, property, governments, marriages, stock markets and cocktail parties.

The paradox he addresses in Making the Social World is that these facts only exist because we think they exist and yet they have an objective existence. Continuing a line of investigation begun in his earlier book The Construction of Social Reality, Searle identifies the precise role of language in the creation of all "institutional facts." His aim is to show how mind, language and civilization are natural products of the basic facts of the physical world described by physics, chemistry and biology. Searle explains how a single linguistic operation, repeated over and over, is used to create and maintain the elaborate structures of human social institutions. These institutions serve to create and distribute power relations that are pervasive and often invisible. These power relations motivate human actions in a way that provides the glue that holds human civilization together.

Searle then applies the account to show how it relates to human rationality, the freedom of the will, the nature of political power and the existence of universal human rights. In the course of his explication, he asks whether robots can have institutions, why the threat of force so often lies behind institutions, and he denies that there can be such a thing as a "state of nature" for language-using human beings.

About the Author

John Searle is the Slusser Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Language, University of California, Berkeley. His eighteen books include Mind, Speech Acts, Intentionality and The Construction of Social Reality.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: The Purpose of This Book

Chapter Two: Intentionality

Chapter Three: Collective Intentionality and the Assignment of Function

Chapter Four: Language as Biological and Social

Chapter Five: The General Theory of Institutions and Institutional Facts: Language and Social Reality

Chapter Six: Free Will, Rationality and Institutional Facts

Chapter Seven: Power: Deontic, Background, Political and Other

Chapter Eight: Human Rights

Concluding Remarks: The Ontological Foundations of the Social Sciences

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195396171
Author:
Searle, John
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
Searle, John R.
Author:
null, John
Subject:
Civilization
Subject:
Social sciences -- Philosophy.
Subject:
Methodology
Subject:
Free Will & Determinism
Subject:
Mind & Body
Subject:
Social
Subject:
Philosophy | Human Nature
Subject:
General-General
Copyright:
Publication Date:
20100131
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Pages:
224
Dimensions:
9.30x6.40x.70 in. 1.00 lbs.

Related Subjects

Humanities » Philosophy » General
Humanities » Philosophy » Social

Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization Used Hardcover
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