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2 Burnside - Bldg. 2 Oceanography- Coral Reefs

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The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms


The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Reefs provide a wealth of opportunity for learning about biological and ecosystem processes, and reef biology courses are among the most popular in marine biology and zoology departments the world over. Walter M. Goldberg has taught one such course for years, and he marshals that experience in the pages of The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms.

Goldberg examines the nature not only of coral reefs—the best known among types of reefs—but also of sponge reefs, worm reefs, and oyster reefs, explaining the factors that influence their growth, distribution, and structure. A central focus of the book is reef construction, and Goldberg details the plants and animals that form the scaffold of the reef system and allow for the attachment and growth of other organisms, including those that function as bafflers, binders, and cementing agents. He also tours readers through reef ecology, paleontology, and biogeography, all of which serve as background for the problems reefs face today and the challenge of their conservation.

Visually impressive, profusely illustrated, and easy to read, The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms offers a fascinating introduction to reef science and will appeal to students and instructors of marine biology, comparative zoology, and oceanography.

About the Author

Walter M. Goldberg is professor emeritus at Florida International Un

Table of Contents

1) An Introduction to the Structure and Formation of Modern Reefs

The Nature and Origins of Reefs

Frame Reef Formation and Structure


Reef Growth and the Carbonate Budget

     Pluses and Minuses

Coral Reefs

     Limits to Coral Reef Distribution

     Types of Reefs

     Reef Zonation

The Evolution of Modern Reefs

     Tectonic Forces

     Sea Level Changes and Reef Growth

2) Reef Minerals and Mineralization

Calcium Carbonates

A Little Crystallography


3) Reef Cyanobacteria


Cyanobacterial Form and Function

Rock and Reef-Associated Cyanobacteria


     Calcifying Cyanobacteria

Stromatolite Formation

     Trapping the Sediment

     Cementing the Record

Nitrogen Fixation and Trophic Relationships

4) Reef Algae and Foraminiferans


The Chlorophyta

     Endolithic Microalgae

     Halimeda, an Extraordinary Calcifying Macrophyte

     Reproduction in Halimeda and Other Chlorophytes

     The Biology of Some Other Calcareous Chlorophytes

Brown Algae

Red Algae

     Red Algal Calcification

     Contributions of Crustose Corallines to Reef Structure

     Trophic Relationships

Turf Algae


5) Reef Sponges


Groups of Sponges and Their Skeletal Structures

     Glass Sponges



The Structural and Functional Roles of Sponges on Reefs

     Reef Growth and Recovery: Binding and Stabilization

     Bioeroding Sponges

     Hexactinellid Reefs

     Modern and Ancient Coralline Sponges

Trophic Dynamics and Ecological Interactions

     The Aquiferous System and Sponge Feeding

     Microbial Symbionts

     Predation and Sponge Chemistry

     Sponges as Habitats

6) Reef Corals and Their Allies


Reef Hydrozoa

     The Milleporid Corals


Introduction to the Anthozoa

Uncalcified Reef Anthozoans

     Sea Anemones

     Zoantharians and Corallimorpharians


Calcified Anthozoans

     The Scleractinians

The Octocorals

Deep-sea Corals and Coral Reefs

Coral Reproduction

     Asexual Modes

     Sexual Modes

7) Annelids and Sipunculans


Free-moving Polychaetes

Tubicolous and Burrowing Polychaetes

Polychaete Bioeroders

Polychaete Reproduction


8) Reef Mollusca


Mollusc Shell Structure


Molluscs as Carbonate Builders, Borers, and Scrapers

     The Polyplacophora

     The Gastropoda


     Reef-building Bivalves

     Endolithic Bivalves

     Ancient Rudist Bivalves

9) Reef Lophophorate and Protochordate Phyla

The Bryozoa


     Reef Bryozoa

     The Vicissitudes of the Ancient Bryozoa



     Brachiopods on Reefs



     Didemnid Ascidians

10) Reef Crustacea


The Maxillopoda



The Malacostraca

Decapod Crustaceans


     Brachyuran Crabs

     Hermit Crabs

Coral-Decapod Communities

11) Reef Echinoderms







     The Crown of Thorns


Reef Crinoids


     Crinoid Paleobiology

12) The Effect of Feeding by Reef Fishes on Corals and Coral Reefs


Coral Reef Herbivores

     Herbivory and its Deterrence

     Nominal Herbivory

The Special Role of Scarine Fishes

     The Scrapers

     The Excavators

     The Browsers

     Food Milling by Parrotfishes

Corallivorous Damselfishes and Their Gardens

Fishes That Perch or Live on Corals

Benthic Predatory Fishes: Their Influence on Corals and Coral Reefs

     Corallivorous and Other Durophagous Fishes

13) A Brief History of Reefs and Corals

Microbialite Reefs of the Precambrian

Reefs of the Paleozoic Era

     The Cambrian

     The Ordovician

     Silurian Reefs

     Devonian Reefs

     Carboniferous Reefs

     Permian Reefs

Reefs of the Mesozoic Era

     The Triassic

     Jurassic Reefs

     The Cretaceous and the Rise of the Rudista

Reefs of the Cenozoic Era

     The Paleocene Epoch, 65–56 Mya

     The Eocene and Oligocene Epochs, 56–23 Mya

     The Miocene Epoch, 23–5 Mya

     The Pliocene and Pleistocene Epochs, 5 Mya–11.7 kya

     Are Ancient Reefs the Key to the Present?

14) Ecology, Diversity, and Biogeography of Coral Reefs

Different Types of Diversity

Diversity and Life Cycle Processes

Spawning Mode, Dispersal, and Connectivity


     Getting There and Staying There

Diversity and Coexistence

Diversity at Geographic Scales: Biogeography

     Hotspots and the Role of Commonness and Rarity in Coral Reef      Biodiversity

     The Coral Triangle

     Departure from the Coral Triangle

     Crossing the Pacific

     The Western Atlantic and the Greater Caribbean

     The Brazilian Province

     The Tropical Eastern Atlantic

15) Reefs Now and in the Next 100 Years

 Climate Change

     The Global Carbon Cycle

     Global Public Goods Gone Bad

     The Impacts of Increased Dissolved CO2

 The Biology of Coral  Bleaching and Disease

     Types and Causes of Coral Bleaching

     Recovery from Bleaching

     Coral Disease

 Direct and Indirect Effects of Human Activities on Reefs

     Destructive Fishing Practices


     Fishing on Deep Sea Coral Reefs

     Coral Mining

     Loss of Water Quality

16) Reef Resilience, Loss of Biodiversity, and the Role of Conservation

Acclimatization, Resistance, and Avoidance

Resilience and Phase Shifts

     Functional Redundancy, Species Richness, and Resilience

Synergies and Loss of Resilience

     Jamaica: A Case History

     Early Warning?

Stemming the Tide: Sanctuaries, Reserves, and Marine Protected Areas

     Protection is Relative

     Sanctuaries and Marine Protected Areas in the United States

     The World’s Largest Marine Protected Area

Design and Function of Marine Reserves

     Results of Protection

     Reserve Sites

     Reserve Maturity and Size

     Reserve Networks

     Stepping Stones, Corridors, and Habitat Diversity

     Loss of Connectivity

Are Reserves Enough?

     What Must be Done


I. Wentworth Scale (Grain Size)

II. Coral Reefs of the World (a-d)

III. Zooxanthellae Clade Distribution

IV. Geological Time Scale

V. Taxa Referred to in This Text



Product Details

Goldberg, Walter M
University of Chicago Press
Goldberg, Walter M.
Marine Biiology
Environmental Studies-General
Edition Description:
Publication Date:
328 color plates, 36 halftones, 14 line
11 x 8.5 in

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Geography » General
Science and Mathematics » Environmental Studies » General
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » Ocean and Marine Biology
Science and Mathematics » Oceanography » Coral Reefs
Science and Mathematics » Oceanography » General

The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms New Trade Paper
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Product details 401 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226301686 Reviews:
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