Summer Reading B2G1 Free
 
 

Special Offers see all

Enter to WIN a $100 Credit

Subscribe to PowellsBooks.news
for a chance to win.
Privacy Policy

Visit our stores


    Recently Viewed clear list


    Lists | July 16, 2015

    Annie Liontas: IMG "You Want Me to Smell My Fingers?": Five Unforgettable Greek Idioms



    The word "idiom" originates in the Greek word ídios ("one's own") and means "special feature" or "special phrasing." Idioms are peculiar because,... Continue »
    1. $18.20 Sale Hardcover add to wish list

      Let Me Explain You

      Annie Liontas 9781476789088

    spacer
Qualifying orders ship free.
$71.50
New Hardcover
Ships in 1 to 3 days
Add to Wishlist
available for shipping or prepaid pickup only
Available for In-store Pickup
in 7 to 12 days
Qty Store Section
2 Remote Warehouse Botany- General

This title in other editions

Plant Physics

by

Plant Physics Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

From Galileo, who used the hollow stalks of grass to demonstrate the idea that peripherally located construction materials provide most of the resistance to bending forces, to Leonardo da Vinci, whose illustrations of the parachute are alleged to be based on his study of the dandelions pappus and the maple trees samara, many of our greatest physicists, mathematicians, and engineers have learned much from studying plants.
 
A symbiotic relationship between botany and the fields of physics, mathematics, engineering, and chemistry continues today, as is revealed in Plant Physics. The result of a long-term collaboration between plant evolutionary biologist Karl J. Niklas and physicist Hanns-Christof Spatz, Plant Physics presents a detailed account of the principles of classical physics, evolutionary theory, and plant biology in order to explain the complex interrelationships among plant form, function, environment, and evolutionary history. Covering a wide range of topics—from the development and evolution of the basic plant body and the ecology of aquatic unicellular plants to mathematical treatments of light attenuation through tree canopies and the movement of water through plants roots, stems, and leaves—Plant Physics is destined to inspire students and professionals alike to traverse disciplinary membranes.  

 

Synopsis:

For centuries, botanists and physicists have mutually benefitted from collaborations.and#160; Galileo used the hollow stalks of grass to illustrate the idea that peripheral rather than centrally located construction materials provide most of the resistance to bending forces. Leonardo da Vinciand#8217;s interest in fluid mechanics was inspired by observing the cross-sectional areas of tree trunks, and his drawings illustrating the concept of a parachute and an auto-gyroscopic propeller are alleged to be based on his study of the dandelionand#8217;s pappus and the maple treeand#8217;s samara.

Plant Physicsand#160;explores the contemporary insights that emerge when plants are studied with the aid of physics, mathematics, engineering, and chemistry.and#160; It starts with such fundamental topics as the importance of plant life, the relationship between organic form and function, plant reproduction and development, the importance of multicellularity, and the developmental basis of the basic plant body plans. The work then explores how fundamental physical principles and processes affect plant growth and ecology.and#160; Specific topics addressed include plant water relations, solid and fluid mechanics, electrophysiology, and optics in relation to plant form, function, and ecology.

Written by one of the worldand#8217;s best known botanists, it is destined to inspire students and professionals alike to traverse disciplinary membranes.

About the Author

Karl J. Niklas is the Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Plant Biology in the Department of Plant Biology at Cornell University. He is the author of Plant Biomechanics, Plant Allometry, and The Evolutionary Biology of Plants, all published by the University of Chicago Press.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Recommended Reading
Frequently Used Symbols

CHAPTER 1. An Introduction to Some Basic Concepts

and#160;1.1 What is plant physics?

and#160;1.2 The importance of plants

BOX 1.1 The amount of organic carbon produced annually

and#160;1.3 A brief history of plant life

and#160;1.4 A brief review of vascular plant ontogeny

and#160;1.5 Plant reproduction

and#160;1.6 Compromise and adaptive evolution

BOX 1.2 Photosynthetic efficiency versus mechanical stability

and#160;1.7 Elucidating function from form

and#160;1.8 The basic plant body plans

and#160;1.9 The importance of multicellularity

CHAPTER 2. Environmental Biophysics

and#160;2.1 Three transport laws

and#160;2.2 Boundary layers

and#160;2.3 Living in water versus air

BOX 2.1 Passive diffusion of carbon dioxide in the boundary layer in air and in water

and#160;2.4 Light interception and photosynthesis

BOX 2.2 Absorption of light by chloroplasts

BOX 2.3 Formulas for the effective light absorption cross section of some geometric objects

BOX 2.4 Modeling light interception in canopies

and#160;2.5 Phototropism

and#160;2.6 Mechanoperception

and#160;2.7 Thigmomorphogenesis

and#160;2.8 Gravitropism

and#160;2.9 Root growth, root anchorage, and soil properties

CHAPTER 3. Plant Water Relations

and#160;3.1 The roles of water acquisition and conservation

and#160;3.2 Some physical properties of water

and#160;3.3 Vapor pressure and Raoultand#8217;s law

and#160;3.4 Chemical potential and osmotic pressure

and#160;3.5 Water potential

and#160;3.6 Turgor pressure and the volumetric elastic modulus

and#160;3.7 Flow through tubes and the Hagen-Poiseuille equation

and#160;3.8 The cohesion-tension theory and the ascent of water

and#160;3.9 Phloem and phloem loading

CHAPTER 4. The Mechanical Behavior of Materials

and#160;4.1 Types of forces and their components

and#160;4.2 Strains

and#160;4.3 Different responses to applied forces

and#160;4.4 A note of caution about normal stresses and strains

and#160;4.5 Extension to three dimensions

and#160;4.6 Poisson's ratios

BOX 4.1 Poissonand#8217;s ratio for an incompressible fluid

BOX 4.2 Poissonand#8217;s ratio for a cell

and#160;4.7 Isotropic and anisotropic materials

and#160;4.8 Shear stresses and strains

and#160;4.9 Interrelation between normal stresses and shear stresses

and#160;4.10 Nonlinear elastic behavior

and#160;4.11 Viscoelastic materials

and#160;4.12 Plastic deformation

and#160;4.13 Strength

and#160;4.14 Fracture mechanics

and#160;4.15 Toughness, work of fracture, and fracture toughness

and#160;4.16 Composite materials and structures

and#160;4.17 The Cook-Gordon mechanism

CHAPTER 5. The Effects of Geometry, Shape, and Size

and#160;5.1 Geometry and shape are not the same things

and#160;5.2 Pure bending

and#160;5.3 The second moment of area

and#160;5.4 Simple bending

BOX 5.1 Bending of slender cantilevers

BOX 5.2 Three-point-bending of slender beams

and#160;5.5 Bending and shearing

BOX 5.3 Bending and shearing of a cantilever

BOX 5.4 Bending and shearing of a simply supported beam

BOX 5.5 The influence of the microfibrillar angle on the stiffness of a cell

and#160;5.6 Fracture in bending

and#160;5.7 Torsion

and#160;5.8 Static loads

BOX 5.6 Comparison of forces on a tree trunk resulting from self-loading with those experienced in bending

and#160;5.9 The constant stress hypothesis

BOX 5.7 Predictions for the geometry of a tree trunk obeying the constant stress hypothesis

and#160;5.10 Euler buckling

and#160;5.11 Hollow stems and Brazier buckling

and#160;5.12 Dynamics, oscillation, and oscillation bending

BOX 5.8 Derivation of eigenfrequencies

CHAPTER 6. Fluid Mechanics

and#160;6.1 What are fluids ?

BOX 6.1 The Navier-Stokes equations

and#160;6.2 The Reynolds number

and#160;6.3 Flow and drag at small Reynolds numbers

BOX 6.2 Derivation of the Hagen-Poiseuille equation

and#160;6.4 Flow of ideal fluids

and#160;6.5 Boundary layers and flow of real fluids

BOX 6.3 Vorticity

and#160;6.6 Turbulent flow

BOX 6.4 Turbulent stresses and friction velocities

and#160;6.7 Drag in real fluids

and#160;6.8 Drag and flexibility

and#160;6.9 Vertical velocity profiles

and#160;6.10 Terminal settling velocity

and#160;6.11 Fluid dispersal of reproductive structures

CHAPTER 7. Plant Electrophysiology

and#160;7.1 The principle of electroneutrality

and#160;7.2 The Nernst-Planck equation

and#160;7.3 Membrane potentials

BOX 7.1 The Goldman equation

and#160;7.4 Ion channels and ion pumps

BOX 7.2 The Ussing-Teorell equation

and#160;7.5 Electrical currents and gravisensitivity

and#160;7.6 Action potentials

and#160;7.7 Electrical signaling in plants

CHAPTER 8. A Synthesis: The Properties of Selected Plant Materials, Cells, and Tissues

and#160;8.1 The plant cuticle

and#160;8.2 A brief introduction to the primary cell wall

BOX 8.1 Cell wall stress and expansion resulting from turgor

and#160;8.3 The plasmalemma and cell wall deposition

and#160;8.4 The epidermis and the tissue tension hypothesis

and#160;8.5 Hydrostatic tissues

BOX 8.2 Stresses in thick-walled cylinders

BOX 8.3 Compression of spherical turgid cells

and#160;8.6 Nonhydrostatic cells and tissues

and#160;8.7 Cellular solids

and#160;8.8 Tissue stresses and growth stresses

and#160;8.9 Secondary growth and reaction wood

and#160;8.10 Wood as an engineering material

CHAPTER 9. Experimental Tools

and#160;9.1 Anatomical methods on a microscale

and#160;9.2 Mechanical measuring techniques on a macroscale

and#160;9.3 Mechanical measuring techniques on a microscale

and#160;9.4 Scholander pressure chamber

and#160;9.5 Pressure probe

and#160;9.6 Recording of electric potentials and electrical currents

and#160;9.7 Patch clamp techniques

and#160;9.8 Biomimetics

BOX 9.1 An example of applied biomechanics: Tree risk assessment

CHAPTER 10. Theoretical Tools

and#160;10.1 Modeling

and#160;10.2 Morphology: The problematic nature of structure-function relationships

and#160;10.3 Theoretical morphology, optimization, and adaptation

and#160;10.4 Size, proportion, and allometry

BOX 10.1 Comparison of regression parameters

and#160;10.5 Finite element methods (FEM)

and#160;10.6 Optimization techniques

BOX 10.2 Optimal allocation of biological resources

BOX 10.3 Lagrange multipliers and Murrayand#8217;s law

Glossary

Author index

Subject index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226586328
Author:
Niklas, Karl J.
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Author:
Spatz, Hanns-Christof
Subject:
Botany
Subject:
Health and Medicine-Anatomy and Physiology
Subject:
Botany-General
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Publication Date:
20120331
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
44 halftones, 40 line drawings, 9 tables
Pages:
448
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in

Other books you might like

  1. The Herbarium Handbook New Trade Paper $38.75
  2. Radioactive: Marie & Pierre Curie: A...
    Used Hardcover $15.00

Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Health and Medicine » Anatomy and Physiology
Science and Mathematics » Biology » Biophysics
Science and Mathematics » Botany » General
Science and Mathematics » Physics

Plant Physics New Hardcover
0 stars - 0 reviews
$71.50 In Stock
Product details 448 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226586328 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
For centuries, botanists and physicists have mutually benefitted from collaborations.and#160; Galileo used the hollow stalks of grass to illustrate the idea that peripheral rather than centrally located construction materials provide most of the resistance to bending forces. Leonardo da Vinciand#8217;s interest in fluid mechanics was inspired by observing the cross-sectional areas of tree trunks, and his drawings illustrating the concept of a parachute and an auto-gyroscopic propeller are alleged to be based on his study of the dandelionand#8217;s pappus and the maple treeand#8217;s samara.

Plant Physicsand#160;explores the contemporary insights that emerge when plants are studied with the aid of physics, mathematics, engineering, and chemistry.and#160; It starts with such fundamental topics as the importance of plant life, the relationship between organic form and function, plant reproduction and development, the importance of multicellularity, and the developmental basis of the basic plant body plans. The work then explores how fundamental physical principles and processes affect plant growth and ecology.and#160; Specific topics addressed include plant water relations, solid and fluid mechanics, electrophysiology, and optics in relation to plant form, function, and ecology.

Written by one of the worldand#8217;s best known botanists, it is destined to inspire students and professionals alike to traverse disciplinary membranes.

spacer
spacer
  • back to top

FOLLOW US ON...

     
Powell's City of Books is an independent bookstore in Portland, Oregon, that fills a whole city block with more than a million new, used, and out of print books. Shop those shelves — plus literally millions more books, DVDs, and gifts — here at Powells.com.