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Giant Pandas of Wolong

by

Giant Pandas of Wolong Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The giant panda is threatened with extinction. Only about a thousand survive in the wild in China, about half of them protected in reserves. In an effort to save this remarkable species, the government of China and the World Wildlife Fund began cooperative research in 1980. The Giant Pandas of Wolong is not only the first report of this joint venture but also the first detailed account of the panda's natural history. It describes the environment, distribution, life cycle, and daily and seasonal activities of pandas in the wild.

Although giant pandas have few natural enemies, the periodic die-off of bamboo, their main food, threatens their survival. In order to understand the panda's vital link to bamboo, the research team has explored many aspects of the animal's life, collecting information on both wild and captive pandas. Though a herbivore, the panda retains the simple digestive tract of a carnivore. Unable to digest cellulose in plants, it receives relatively little nutrition from the bamboo it eats. As a result, it must eat many kilograms of bamboo each day, foraging for fourteen hours or more throughout a day and night.

Known to the Chinese for several thousand years as daxiongmao, "large bear-cat," the giant panda has defied easy classification. The authors review anatomical, biochemical, behavioral, and paleontological evidence, concluding that the animal is neither bear nor raccoon but belongs in a separate family, perhaps with the small red panda.

The giant panda has captured the imagination of the public more than any other animal. By presenting their groundbreaking and crucial research to the public, the authors of The Giant Pandas of Wolong hope to spur further research and action that will help this precious animal survive.

Synopsis:

This book is not only the first report of this joint venture but also the first detailed account of the panda's natural history. It describes the environment, distribution, life cycle, and daily and seasonal activities of pandas in the wild.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

1. The Giant Panda, Past and Present

Physical characteristics

The panda in ancient Chinese history

The panda in modern history

Past and present distribution

Current status

Summary

2. Wolong and Its Pandas

The Wolong Natural Reserve

The environment of Wolong

Status and distribution of pandas

The Choushuigou study area

Climate

Vegetation

The seasons

The pandas of Choushuigou

Summary

3. Feeding Strategy

Food habits

Feeding behavior

Feeding on stems and leaves

Feeding on new Fargesia shoots

Food selection

Selection for stems and leaves

Selection for new Fargesia shoots

Food and water intake

Food intake

Frequency of drinking

Retention time of food

Panda nutrition

Organic constituents of bamboo

Inorganic constituents of bamboo

Chemical analysis of feces

Microscopic examination of digested bamboo

Effects of pandas on bamboo

Effect on leaves and stems

Effect on new Fargesia shoots

Discussion

Summary

4. Movement Patterns

Methods

Home range

Daily movements

Discussion

Summary

 

5. Activity Patterns

Activity cycles

Individual differences in activity

Factors influencing activity

Time of day

Restless behavior

Rest periods

Behavioral time budget

Feeding

Drinking

Traveling

Tree climbing

Grooming and other comfort movements

Defecating and urinating

Scent-marking

Playing

Socializing

Discussion

Summary

6. Population Dynamics and Social Behavior

Population dynamics

Population size and composition

Age at sexual maturity

Reproductive rate

Mortality

Communication

Visual signals

Vocal signals

Olfactory and visual signals in the environment

Reproductive behavior

Courtship and mating

Gestation period

Maternity dens

Interactions between mother and young

Social interactions between pandas

Summary

7. The Relationship between Nutrition and Behavior

8. The Giant Panda--Bear or Racoon?

Reproduction

Size dimorphism

Courtship and mating

Delayed implantation and dormancy

Maternal care

Communication

Visual signals

Vocal signals

Olfactory and visual signals in the environment

Discussion

Summary

 

9. Conservation

Direct human impact

Bamboo flowering

Conservation genetics

Summary

Appendixes

Appendix A. Wild plants, mammals, and birds mentioned in the text, with scientific names

Appendix B. Tables B.1-B.14

References

Index

 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780226736433
With:
Wenshi, Pan
With:
Jing, Zhu
With:
Wenshi, Pan
With:
Jing, Zhu
Author:
Jing, Zhu
Author:
Wenshi, Pan
Author:
Schaller, George B.
Author:
Jinchu, Hu
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Location:
Chicago :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Mammals
Subject:
China
Subject:
Pandas
Subject:
Giant panda
Subject:
Giant panda -- China -- Wo-lung shih.
Subject:
General Pets
Subject:
Animals - Mammals
Subject:
Nature Studies-Mammals
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Hardcover
Series Volume:
3
Publication Date:
19850531
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Grade Level:
Professional and scholarly
Language:
English
Illustrations:
illustrations
Pages:
318
Dimensions:
9.79x7.01x.96 in. 1.70 lbs.

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Pets » General
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » Asian Wildlife
Science and Mathematics » Nature Studies » Mammals » General

Giant Pandas of Wolong Used Hardcover
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Product details 318 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226736433 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This book is not only the first report of this joint venture but also the first detailed account of the panda's natural history. It describes the environment, distribution, life cycle, and daily and seasonal activities of pandas in the wild.
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