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Science Matters: Achieving Scientific Literacyby Robert M. Hazen
Synopses & Reviews
What does E=mc2 really mean? What is DNA? What was the big bang? These scientific concepts have changed our perception of the world but for many of us they remain mysteries, bits and pieces of information retained from classroom lectures but never truly understood.
Now we can finally grasp the grandeur and complexity of these ideas, and their significance in our lives. Revised and updated to include the latest discoveries that are changing the way we view the world and the universe, this new edition of The Science Class You Wish You Had will take you on a journey through space and time—from the subatomic to the universal. It explains in a lively, accessible way what these milestones of scientific discovery mean and what direct impact they have on our lives today and will have in the future.
For everyone interested in science, history, and biographies of extraordinary people—or anyone who wants to understand the workings of the physical world—this thorough and authoritative book is a perfect introduction to sciences most profound discoveries, and a testament to the triumph of human knowledge.
Newton: Gravity and the Basic Laws of Physics
Rutherford and Bohr: The Structure of the Atom
Einstein: The Principle of Relativity
Hubble: The Big Bang and the Formation of the Universe
Darwin: Evolution and the Principle of Natural Selection
Flemming and Mendel: The Cell and Genetics
Watson and Crick: The Structure of the DNA Molecule
Knowledge of the basic ideas and principles of science is fundamental to cultural literacy. But most books on science are often too obscure or too specialized to do the general reader much good.
Science Matters is a rare exception-a science book for the general reader that is informative enough to be a popular textbook for introductory courses in high school and college, and yet well-written enough to appeal to general readers uncomfortable with scientific jargon and complicated mathematics. And now, revised and expanded for the first time in nearly two decades, it is up-to-date, so that readers can enjoy Hazen and Trefil's refreshingly accessible explanations of the most recent developments in science, from particle physics to biotechnology.
About the Author
ROBERT M. HAZEN is the author of more than 350 articles and 20 books on earth science, materials science, origins of life, history and music. A Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, he received the Mineralogical Society of America Award, the Ipatief Prize, the ASCAP-Deems Taylor Award, and other awards for his research and writing. Hazen is a researcher at the Carnegie Institution for Science and is Robinson Professor of Earth Sciences at George Mason University. His recent books include Genesis: The Scientific Quest for Life's Origins and The Sciences: An Integrated Approach (with James Trefil).
JAMES TREFIL, Robinson Professor of Physics at George Mason University, is the author of over 40 books and 100 articles in professional journals. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the World Economic Forum. He is the recipient of the Andrew Gemant Award (American institute of Physics), the Westinghouse and Subaru Awards (American Association for the Advancement of Science) and the 2008 Science Writing Award (American Physical Society). His most recent books are Why Science and The Sciences: An Integrated Approach (with Robert Hazen).
Table of Contents
Scientific Literacy: What It Is, Why Its Important, and Why We Dont Have It
The universe is regular and predictable.
Energy is conserved and always goes from more useful
to less useful forms.
THREE. Electricity and Magnetism
Electricity and magnetism are two aspects of the same force.
FOUR. The Atom
All matter is made of atoms.
FIVE. The World of the Quantum
Everything comes in discrete units and you cant measure anything without changing it.
SIX. Chemical Bonding
Atoms are bound by electron glue.
SEVEN. Atomic Architecture
The way a material behaves depends on how its atoms are arranged.
EIGHT. Nuclear Physics
Nuclear energy comes from the conversion of mass.
NINE. The Fundamental Structure of Matter
All matter is really made of quarks and leptons.
Stars experience a cycle of birth and death.
ELEVEN. The Cosmos
The universe was born at a specific time in the past, and it has been expanding ever since.
Every observer sees the same laws of nature.
THIRTEEN. The Restless Earth
Earths surface is constantly changing, and no feature on Earth is permanent.
FOURTEEN. Earth Cycles
Earth operates in cycles.
FIFTEEN. The Ladder of Life
All living things are made from cells, the chemical factories of life.
SIXTEEN. The Code of Life
All life is based on the same genetic code.
All life is based on the same chemistry and genetic code.
All forms of life evolved by natural selection.
All life is connected.
The Role of Science
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