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America & Holocaust #1: America Views the Holocaust, 1933-1945: A Brief Documentary History

America & Holocaust #1: America Views the Holocaust, 1933-1945: A Brief Documentary History Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Were Americans the heroic liberators of Nazi concentration camp victims in 1945, or were they knowing and apathetic bystanders to unspeakable brutality and annihilation for a dozen years? Historians have long debated what the United States knew about Hitlers gruesome Final Solution, when they knew it, and whether they should have intervened sooner. Wrapping historical narrative around 60 primary sources — including news clippings, speeches, letters, magazine articles, and government reports — Abzug chronicles the unfolding events in Nazi Germany while tracing the resurgence of anti-Semitism and tightening immigration policies in the United States. He relies on the American journalistic sources through which U.S. citizens read about events in Europe to provide students a real context to understand Americans horror when they realized that the reports of the Holocaust were not exaggerations or fabrications. An epilogue examines the complexity of historical interpretations and moral judgments that have evolved since 1945. Useful apparatus includes photographs, a chronology, questions for consideration, a bibliography, and an index.

Description:

Includes bibliographical references (p. 219-220) and index.

About the Author

Robert H. Abzug is professor of history and American studies and director of the liberal arts honors programs at the University of Texas at Austin, where he has received several teaching awards. He has also taught at the University of California, Los Angeles, and held the Eric Voegelin Visiting Professorship at the University of Munich. He has published widely in a number of fields, including the Holocaust, antebellum America, and the history of religion in America. Among his major publications are Passionate Liberator: Theodore Dwight Weld and the Dilemma of Reform (1980), Inside the Vicious Heart: America and the Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps (1985), and Cosmos Crumbling: American Reform and the Religious Imagination (1994). He is currently writing a biography of American psychologist Rollo May.

Table of Contents

 Foreword

 Preface

 Introduction: Facing the Horrors

    

PART ONE: THE FIRST YEARS OF THE NAZI REGIME, 1933-1935

    

  American Jewish Committee, from The Jews in Nazi Germany, 1933

    The Official Decrees and Measures against the Jews

    Execution of Decrees

    The Effect of the Anti-Jewish Measures

    Acts of Violence against Jews Since Hitler Became Chancellor

    

  Letters of the American Friends Service Committee

    Clarence E. Pickett, Letter to J. S. Conning, May 5, 1932

    Richard L. Cary, Letter to Clarence E. Pickett, June 28, 1932

    Clarence E. Pickett, Letter to Gilbert L. MacMaster, March 30 (typed April 3), 1933

    Richard L. Cary, Letter to Clarence E. Pickett, July 23, 1933

    

  The Anti-Nazi Boycott

    G. E. Harriman, Anti-Nazi Boycott Circular Letter, 1933

    Jewish Labor Committee, Anti-Nazi Poster, 1934

    

  Mainstream Views

    Robert E. Asher, "A Jew Protests Against Protesters," Christian Century, April 12, 1933

    "Mass Meeting Protests Hitler's Anti-Jewish Program," Christian Century, April 26, 1933

    Walter Lippmann, "Hitler's Speech," The Los Angeles Times, May 19, 1933

    

  Personal American Press Reports from Hitler's Germany

    "Editor Holds Riots Inspired by Nazis," New York Times, July 26, 1935

    Reverend L. M. Birkhead, "Nazis Ask World to Combat Jews," New York Times, July 28, 1935

    

PART TWO: EXCLUSION, EMIGRATION, AND WAR, 1935-1941

    

    "Germany: Hitler Decrees Swastika Reich Flag; Bars Intermarriage; Relegates Jews to Dark Ages," Newsweek, September 21, 1935

    "Germany: Jews Begin to Feel a Soft Spot in the Iron Heel," Newsweek, September 28, 1935

    

  Participation in the 1936 Olympics: Jews, African Americans, and Others

    "Statement of Non-Jewish Advocates of Boycott," The New York Times, October 25, 1935

    Ernest Lee Jahncke, Letter to Count Henri Baillet-Latour, November 25, 1935

    "NAACP Asks AAU to Abandon Olympics," Pittsburgh Courier, December 14, 1935

    "The Black Eagles," Pittsburgh Courier, July 11, 1936

    

  Refugees, Kristallnacht, and Coughlin

    "Refugees," Time, July 18, 1938

    Louis Lochner, Letter to Betty and Bobby, November 28, 1938

    Henry Morgenthau, Diary Entry, November 16, 1938

    Exchange between Raymond Geist and George Messersmith, December 5 and 20, 1938

    Father Coughlin, from Am I an Anti-Semite? December 11, 1938

    "Topics of the Times: Refugee Ship," The New York Times, June 8, 1939

    

  An Atlantic Monthly Symposium on Jews

    Albert Jay Nock, from "The Jewish Problem in America," Atlantic Monthly, June and July 1941

    James Marshall, from "The Anti-Semitic Problem in America," Atlantic Monthly, August 1941

    Frances Strauss, "The Intermarriage," Atlantic Monthly, September 1941

    

  The Lindbergh Controversy

    "FDR Creating War Incidents, Lindbergh Says," Chicago Daily Tribune, September 11, 1941

    "Lindbergh's Nazi Pattern," New Republic, September 22, 1941

    "The Forbidden Theme," Christian Century, September 24, 1941

    

PART THREE: IMAGINING THE UNIMAGINABLE, 1942-1945

    

  The Nazi War against the Jews

    

  American Knowledge and Comprehension

    "Wandering Jews," Time, December 15, 1941

    Michael Williams, "Views and Reviews," The Commonweal, December 26, 1941

    Reinhold Niebuhr, "Jews after the War," The Nation, February 21 and 28, 1942

    Varian Fry, "The Massacre of the Jews," New Republic, December 21, 1942

    Henry Morgenthau, Diary Entry, December 3, 1942

    Charles Clayton Morrison, "Horror Stories from Poland," Christian Century, December 9, 1942

    Charles Clayton Morrison, "Polish Atrocities Are Entered in the Books," Christian Century, December 30, 1942

    Tosha Bialer, "Behind the Wall (Life--and Death--in Warsaw's Ghetto)," Collier's, February 20 and 27, 1943

    Ben Hecht, "Remember Us," Reader's Digest, February 1943

    Examples of Anti-Semitic Doggerel

    Freda Kirchwey, "While the Jews Die," Nation, March 13, 1943

    From Minutes of the American Delegation at the Bermuda Conference, April 20, 1943

    Freda Kirchwey, "A Program of Inaction," Nation, June 5, 1943

    Bill Downs, "Blood at Babii Yar--Kiev's Atrocity Story," Newsweek, December 6, 1943

    Alfred Kazin, "In Every Voice, in Every Ban," New Republic, January 10, 1944

    Fred Eastman, "A Reply to Screamers," Christian Century, February 16, 1944

    From Final Summary Report of The Executive Director, War Refugee Board, Washington, September 15, 1945

    

  Extermination Camps Revealed

    Richard Lauterbach, "Murder, Inc.," Time, September 11, 1944

    "Biggest Atrocity Story Breaks in Poland," Christian Century, September 13, 1944

    Jan Karski, "Polish Death Camp," Collier's, October 14, 1944

    

  Views of the Liberations

    J. D. Pletcher, The Americans Have Come--At Last! 1945

    Edward R. Murrow, Broadcast Transcript from Buchenwald, April 15, 1945

    James Agee, from Agee on Film, May 19, 1945

    "Gazing into the Pit," Christian Century, May 9, 1945

    

  Epilogue: The Changing Historical Perspective

    

APPENDICES

    

  Chronology of Events Related to the Holocaust (1933-1945)

  Questions for Consideration

  Selected Bibliography

    

  Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780312133931
Subtitle:
A Brief Documentary History
Author:
Abzug, Robert H.
Author:
Abzug
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Location:
Boston :
Subject:
History
Subject:
United states
Subject:
Public opinion
Subject:
United States - 20th Century
Subject:
Jews
Subject:
Holocaust
Subject:
Holocaust, jewish (1939-1945)
Subject:
1933-1945
Subject:
Holocaust, jewish
Subject:
Public opinion -- United States.
Subject:
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Press coverage -- United States.
Subject:
General History
Subject:
Jews -- Germany -- History -- 1933-1945.
Subject:
World History-Holocaust
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
America & Holocaust
Series Volume:
1
Publication Date:
19990115
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
236
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.62 x 0.45 in

Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Military » General History
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » World History » Holocaust
Religion » Judaism » Holocaust

America & Holocaust #1: America Views the Holocaust, 1933-1945: A Brief Documentary History
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Product details 236 pages Bedford Books - English 9780312133931 Reviews:
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