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Pattern Design

by

Pattern Design Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Take any form you choose and repeat it at regular intervals, and, just as repetitive sounds produce rhythm or cadence, you have pattern. However, the use of pattern in design is no haphazard matter, but a disciplined activity in which the artists must impose a pleasing order and structure on the whole to achieve an aesthetically satisfying end product.

This classic guide, revised and expanded by Amor Fenn three decades after its publication, teaches artists to do just that. Surveying a multitude of applications, from architectural detail to decorative textile printing and typographic patterns, Day provides insight into the geometric foundations of all repeating patterns, and treats in a practical way the anatomy, planning, and evolution of repeated ornament. He demonstrates the extent to which pattern is the essence of the ornamental arts, and offers a wealth of technical information for the student and designer.

Generously illustrated with more than 270 designs ranging from old Japanese, Persian, and Arabian patterns to early 20th-century motifs, Pattern Design will stimulate the imaginations and advance the skills of novices and experts alike.

Synopsis:

Master techniques for using pattern in wide range of design applications including architectural, textiles, print, more. Wealth of technical information. Over 270 design illustrations.

Synopsis:

Use this classic book, revised and expanded by Amor Fenn, to master techniques for applying pattern in architectural design, decorative textiles, print and more. Absolute wealth of technical information. Profusely illustrated with over 270 examples, ranging from ancient Japanese, Persian, and Arabian patterns to early 20th-century motifs. 272 black-and-white figures.

Table of Contents

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION

NOTE OF ACKNOWLEDGMENT

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

I. WHAT PATTERN IS

    Pattern not understood

    The meaning of the word

    "Comes of repetition, and is closely connected with manufacture"

    Has always a geometric basis

    Use and necessity of system in design

    "Lines inevitable, and must not be left to chance"

II. THE SQUARE

    Geometry the basis of all pattern

    Breaks in the simple stripe give cross-lines

    "Hence the lattice and the chequer, on which a vast variety of pattern is built"

III. THE TRIANGLE

    The square lattice crossed by diagonal lines gives the triangle

    Hence the diamond

    "And out of that the hexagon, the star, and other geometric units familiar in Arab diaper"

IV. THE OCTAGON

    Four series of lines give the octagon

    "Not the unit of a complete pattern, but the basis of some radiating patterns"

    "More complicated cross-lines, giving sixteen and eighteen sided figures, result in more elaborate pattern, but involve no new principle "

    Pentagon pattern really built on simple trellis lines

V. THE CIRCLE

    The circle gives no new plan but only curvilinear versions of the foregoing

    The wave a rounded zig-zag

    The honeycomb compressed circles

    "Segments of circles give scale pattern, a curvilinear variation upon diamond"

    The ogee

    The circle itself a scaffolding for design

VI. THE EVOLUTION OF PATTERN

    Various starting points for the same pattern

    Six ways in which it might have been evolved

    The construction of sundry geometric diapers

    Influence of material upon design

    Some complex lattices

VII. BORDERS

    What a border is

    "Includes frieze, pilster, frame, &c."

    Simplicity

    Short interval of repeat

    Flowing and broken borders

    Mere lines

    "Stop" borders"

    Frets

    Evolute

    Zig-zag

    Chevron

    Undulate

    Guilloche

    Interlacing

    Chain

    Strap

    Branching lines

    Spiral scroll

    Counterchange

    Intermittent borders

    Block border

    Panel border

    The S scroll

    Natural growth

    Enclosed borders

    "Fringes, &c."

    Strong and weak side of border

    Direction of border

    Corners and their influence upon design

    Circular and concentric borders

VIII. PRACTICAL PATTERN PLANNING

    Possible and practicable lines of pattern construction

    Lines often fixed for the designer

    Conditions of production affect plan

    "Triangular plan, oriental"

    "Rectangular plan, western"

    Relation of one plan to the other

    Of triangular and octagonal repeat to rectangular

    Possibilities of the diamond

    Design regulated by proportions of repeat

IX. THE TURNOVER

    A weaver's device

    Doubles width of pattern

    Exact turnover not desirable where conditions do not make it necessary

    Balance must be preserved

    Use of doubling over in border design

    Suited to stenciling and pouncing

X. "THE "DROP" REPEAT"

    Scope given by drop repeat

    Designed on diamond lines

    And on the square

    Geometrically same result

    Practically different patterns

    Opportunity of carrying pattern beyond width of stuff

    Brick or masonry plan

    Octagonal plan

    Step pattern

    False drop

XI. SMALLER REPEATS

    Width of repeat divisible into width of material

    Repeat two-thirds or two-fifths of width of material

    Full width repeat seeming smaller

    Variety in apparent uniformity

    Weavers' ways of doing it

    Same principle applied to larger design

    Method and haphazard

    More complicated system

    Other plans for disguising precise order of small repeats

XII. SUNDRY SCAFFOLDINGS

    Importance of variety of plan

    Area of pattern not confined to area of repeat

    Excursions compensated by incursions

    Lines thus disguised

    "Wave-lines, turned over, result in ogee"

    Wave-lines result from working within narrow upright lines

    Uprightness of narrow repeats counteracted by lines across

    Diagonal wavelines to connect features forming horizontal band

    Designs obviously based upon slanting and horizontal lines

    Wave-line from side to side of broad repeat

    Scaffolding of an old Louis XVI. Pattern

XIII. THE TURN-ROUND

    Unit of design may be turned part way round

    Unit of 6 by 6 inches results in repeat of 12 by 12 inches

    Works either on the straight or as a drop

    For radiating pattern a triangle half size of smaller square suffices for unit

    Fold and fold again

    Arab lattice pattern dissected

XIV. HOW TO SET ABOUT DESIGN

    Free patterns planned on formal lines

    Features recur at intervals determined by unit of repeat

    Planning the only way to avoid unforseen effects

    Means of disguising formal lines

    Necessity for system

    Genesis of counter-change border

    Of geometric diaper

    How not to do it

    Detail not to be determined too soon

    Genesis of conventional floral pattern starting with the masses

    Of a drop pattern

    Of a pattern stating with line

    Of a floral pattern starting with distribution of flowers

    Of a velvet pattern starting with severe lines

    "Inhabited" pattern"

    Evolution of Italian arabesque pilaster

    Animal form in pattern

    Starting at a venture

    And from an idea

    Afterthoughts

XV. TO PROVE A PATTERN

    The unit of design a repeat

    Repeat to be tested

    One repeat not enough to show how design works

    More must be indicated

    Test of roughing out on one plan and working out on another

    Accurate fit essential

    Proving to be done at early stage of design

    Test of cutting up drawing and rearranging the parts

XVI. PATTERN PLANNING IN RELATION TO TECHNIQUE

    Dimensions of design determined by conditions of manufacture

    Possibilities in block printing

    Limitations in weaving

    Narrow repeat a condition of

    Sponging down

    Colour designs in colour from the first

    Colour as a help in complicated design

    Form and colour

    Design only a map of form and colour

    Precaution against self-deception

    The evolution of a design

    Tracing paper

    Accident

    Mechanical helps

    Hardness

    Precision essential

    Body colour

    Water colour

    Systematic use of mixed tints

    Working drawing only a means to an end.

XIX. COLOUR

    Close connection between form and colour

    Effect of colour upon design

    Drawing should show not merely effect of colour but its plan

    A map of colour value and relation

    Differences that colour makes

    Casual colour

    Colour and material

    "Geometric form softened by colour, accidental or cunningly planned"

    Confusion of form by colour

    Emphasis of form by colour

    Change of colour in ground

XX. THE INVENTION OF PATTERN

    Imitation and translation

    Memory and imagination

    Old-time content with tradition

    Modern self-consciousness

    Originality

    Conditions of to-day

    Inspiration

    How far nature helps

    The use of old work

    The designer and his trade

    The artist and his personality

XXI. DEVELOPMENT OF PATTERN DESIGN - AN ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY AMOR FENN.

    Sources of nineteenth-century design

    Augustus Welby Pugin and the Gothic revival

    Designs for the Houses of Parliament

    Mid Victorian vogue

    Owen Jones and ancient Western and Oriental art

    Bruce J. Talbert

    Edwin William Godwin

    William Morris

    The Art Workers' Guild

    Walter Crane

    Lewis F. Day

    C.F.A. Voysey

    Arts and Crafts Society

    E. W. Gimson

    L' art nouveau

    Continental designs

    "W. Lovatelli-Colombo, Paris"

    "Josef Hoffmann, Vienna"

    Futuristic influence

    Maurice Dufrène

    Burkhalter

    Geometric motifs

    Stépanova

    Modernistic art

    Georges Valmier

    Strong colour effects

    Hermann Huffert

INDEX TO TEXT AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486407098
Author:
Day, Lewis F.
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
Art Instruction
Location:
New York :
Subject:
Techniques
Subject:
Design - General
Subject:
Clip Art
Subject:
Decoration and ornament
Subject:
Themes, motives
Subject:
Repetitive patterns
Subject:
Techniques - General
Subject:
General
Subject:
Repetitive patterns (Decorative arts)
Subject:
Decoration and ornament -- Themes, motives.
Subject:
General-General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Art Instruction
Series Volume:
122
Publication Date:
19990631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
306
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 0.85 lb

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Related Subjects

Arts and Entertainment » Art » History and Criticism
Arts and Entertainment » Art » Miscellaneous Techniques
Arts and Entertainment » Art » Ornament and Pattern
Arts and Entertainment » Art » Style and Design
Arts and Entertainment » Art » Technique
Children's » Activities » General
Young Adult » General

Pattern Design New Trade Paper
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Product details 306 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486407098 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Master techniques for using pattern in wide range of design applications including architectural, textiles, print, more. Wealth of technical information. Over 270 design illustrations.

"Synopsis" by ,
Use this classic book, revised and expanded by Amor Fenn, to master techniques for applying pattern in architectural design, decorative textiles, print and more. Absolute wealth of technical information. Profusely illustrated with over 270 examples, ranging from ancient Japanese, Persian, and Arabian patterns to early 20th-century motifs. 272 black-and-white figures.

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