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The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902 (Economy Editions)

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The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902 (Economy Editions) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

After completing his monumental work, The Principles of Psychology, William James turned his attention to serious consideration of such important religious and philosophical questions as the nature and existence of God, immortality of the soul, and free will and determinism. His interest in these questions found expression in various works, including The Varieties of Religious Experience, his classic study of spirituality. Based on the prestigious Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion he gave at the University of Edinburgh in 1901 and 1902, the book--studded with richly concrete examples--documents and discusses various religious states of consciousness and covers such topics as the meaning of the term "divine," the reality of the unseen, the religion of healthy-mindedness, the sick soul, the divided self and the process of its unification, conversion, saintliness, and mysticism. One of the author's most popular works, The Varieties of Religious Experience remains one of the great books on the subject, especially noteworthy for the evidence it gives for religious experience as a unique phenomenon. This Dover edition will be the least expensive one in print. Unabridged republication of the second edition of The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature, originally published by Longmans, Green and Co., New York, 1902. Index.

Book News Annotation:

<:st>Previous editions are cited in . Originally published by Longmans, Green and Co. of New York in 1902. This handy and inexpensive Dover edition provides those interested in philosophy with an opportunity to own James's classic work.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

First-rate study of spirituality documents and discusses a variety of religious states of consciousness, covering the meaning of the term "divine," reality of the unseen, religion of healthy-mindedness, sick soul, divided self and process of its unification, conversion, saintliness, and mysticism. Studded with richly concrete examples; a classic of its genre.

Table of Contents

LECTURE I RELIGION AND NEUROLOGY

and#160; "Introduction: the course is not anthropological, but deals with personal documents"

and#160; Questions of fact and questions of value

and#160; "In point of fact, the religious are often neurotic"

and#160; "Criticism of medical materialism, which condemns religion on that account"

and#160; Theory that religion has a sexual origin but by the value of their refuted

and#160; All states of mind are neurally conditioned

and#160; Their significance must be tested not by their origin but by the value of their fruits

and#160; Three criteria of value ; origin useless as a criterion

and#160; Advantages of the psychopathic temperament when a superior intellect goes with it

and#160; Especially for the religious life

LECTURE II CIRCUMSCRIPTION OF THE TOPIC

and#160; Futility of simple definitions of religion

and#160; No one specific 'religious sentiment'

and#160; Institutional and personal religion

and#160; We confine ourselves to the personal branch

and#160; Definition of religion for the purpose of these lectures

and#160; Meaning of the term 'divine'

and#160; The divine is what prompts solemn reactions

and#160; Impossible to make our definitions sharp

and#160; We must study the more extreme cases

and#160; Two ways of accepting the universe

and#160; Religion is more enthusiastic than philosophy

and#160; Its characteristic is enthusiasm in solemn emotion

and#160; Its ability to overcome unhappiness

and#160; Need of such a faculty from the biological point of view

LECTURE III THE REALITY OF THE UNSEEN

and#160; Precepts versus abstract concepts

and#160; Influence of the latter on belief

and#160; Kant's theological Ideas

and#160; We have a sense of reality other than that given by the special senses

and#160; Examples of 'sense of presence'

and#160; The feeling of unreality

and#160; Sense of a divine presence : examples

and#160; Mystical experiences : examples

and#160; Other cases of sense of God's presence

and#160; Convincingness of unreasoned experience

and#160; Inferiority of rationalism in establishing belief

and#160; Either enthusiasm or solemnity may preponderate in the religious attitude of individuals

LECTURES IV AND V THE RELIGION OF HEALTHY-MINDEDNESS

and#160; Happiness is man's chief concern

and#160; Once-born' and 'twice-born' characters

and#160; Walt Whitman

and#160; Mixed nature of Greek feeling

and#160; Systematic healthy-mindedness

and#160; Its reasonableness

and#160; Liberal Christianity shows it

and#160; Optimism as encouraged by Popular Science

and#160; The 'Mind-cure' movement

and#160; Its creed

and#160; Cases

and#160; Its doctrine of evil

and#160; Its analogy to Lutheran theology

and#160; Salvation by relaxation

and#160; Its methods : suggestion

and#160; mediation

and#160; recollection'

and#160; verification

and#160; Diversity of possible schemes of adaptation to the universe

and#160; APPENDIX: Two mind-cure cases

LECTURES VI AND VII THE SICK SOUL

and#160; Healthy-mindedness and repentance

and#160; Essential pluralism of the healthy-minded philosophy

and#160; Morbid-mindedness?its two degrees

and#160; The pain-threshold varies in individuals

and#160; Insecurity of natural goods

and#160; "Failure, or vain success of every life"

and#160; Pessimism of all pure naturalism

and#160; Hopelessness of Greek and Roman view

and#160; Pathological unhappiness

and#160; Anhedonia'

and#160; Querulous melancholy

and#160; Vital zest is a pure gift

and#160; Loss of it makes physical world look different

and#160; Tolstoy

and#160; Bunyan

and#160; Alline

and#160; Morbid fear

and#160; Such cases need a supernatural religion for relief

and#160; Antagonism of healthy-mindedness and morbidness

and#160; The problem of evil cannot be escaped

"LECTURE VIII THE DIVIDED SELF, AND THE PROCESS OF ITS UNIFICATION"

and#160; Heterogeneous personality

and#160; Character gradually attains unity

and#160; Examples of divided self

and#160; The unity attained need not be religious

and#160; Counter conversion' cases

and#160; Other cases

and#160; Gradual and sudden unification

and#160; Tolstoy's recovery

and#160; Bunyan's

LECTURE IX CONVERSION

and#160; Case of Stephen Bradley

and#160; The psychology of characterchanges

and#160; Emotional excitements make new centres of personal energy

and#160; Schematic ways of representing this

and#160; Starbuck likens conversion to normal moral ripening

and#160; Leuba's ideas

and#160; Seemingly unconvertible persons

and#160; Two types of conversion

and#160; Subconscious incubation of motives

and#160; Self-surrender

and#160; Its importance in religious history

and#160; Cases

LECTURE X CONVERSION?concluded

and#160; Cases of sudden conversion

and#160; Is suddenness essential?

and#160; "No, it depends on psychological idiosyncrasy"

and#160; "Proved existence of transmarginal, or subliminal, consciousness"

and#160; Automatisms'

and#160; Instantaneous conversions seem due to the possession of an active subconscious self by the subject

and#160; "The value of conversion depends not on the process, but on the fruits"

and#160; These are not superior in sudden conversion

and#160; Professor Coe's views

and#160; Sanctification as a result

and#160; Our psychological account does not exclude direct presence of the Deity

and#160; Sense of higher control

and#160; Relations of the emotional 'faith-state' to intellectual beliefs

and#160; Leuba quoted

and#160; Characteristics of the faith-state : sense of truth ; the world appears new

and#160; Sensory and motor automatisms

and#160; Permanency of conversions

"LECTURES XI, XII, AND XIII SAINTLINESS"

and#160; Sainte-Beuve on the State of Grace

and#160; Types of character as due to the balance of impulses and inhibitions

and#160; Sovereigh excitements

and#160; Irascibility

and#160; Effects of higher excitement in general

and#160; The saintly life is ruled by spiritual excitement

and#160; This may annul sensual impulses permanently

and#160; Probable subconscious influences involved

and#160; Mechanical scheme for representing permanent alteration in character

and#160; Characteristics of saintliness

and#160; Sense of reality of a higher power

and#160; "Peace of mind, charity"

and#160; "Equanimity, fortitude, etc."

and#160; Connection of this with relaxation

and#160; Purity of life

and#160; Asceticism

and#160; Obedience

and#160; Poverty

and#160; The sentiments of democracy and of humanity

and#160; General effects of higher excitements

LECTURES XIV AND XV THE VALUE OF SAINTLINESS

and#160; It must be tested by the human value of its fruits

and#160; "The reality of the God must, however, also be judged"

and#160; Unfit' religions get eliminated by 'experience'

and#160; Empiricism is not skepticism

and#160; Individual and tribal religion

and#160; Loneliness of religious originators

and#160; Corruption follows success

and#160; Extravagances

and#160; "Excessive devoutness, as fanaticism as theopathic absorption"

and#160; Excessive purity

and#160; Excessive charity

and#160; The perfect man is adapted only to the perfect environment

and#160; Saints are leavens

and#160; Excesses of asceticism

and#160; Asceticism symbolically stands for the heroic life

and#160; Militarism and voluntary poverty as possible equivalents

and#160; Pros and cons of the saintly character

and#160; Saints versus 'strong' men

and#160; Their social function must be considered

and#160; "Abstractly the saint is the highest type, but in the present environment it may fail, so we make ourselves saints at our peril"

and#160; The question of theological truth

LECTURES XVI AND XVII MYSTICISM

and#160; Mysticism defined

and#160; Four marks of mystic states

and#160; They form a distinct region of consciousness

and#160; Examples of their lower grades

and#160; Mysticism and alcohol

and#160; The anand#230;sthetic revelation'

and#160; Religious mysticism

and#160; Aspects of Nature

and#160; Consciousness of God

and#160; Cosmic consciousness'

and#160; Yoga

and#160; Buddhistic mysticism

and#160; Suf

and#160; Christian mystics

and#160; Their sense of revelation

and#160; Tonic effects of mystic states

and#160; They describe by negatives

and#160; Sense of union with the Absolute

and#160; Mysticism and music

and#160; Three conclusions

and#160; (1) Mystical states carry authority for him who has them

and#160; (2) But for no one else

and#160; (3) "Nevertheless, they break down the exclusive authority of rationalistic states"

and#160; They strengthen monistic and optimistic hypotheses

LECTURE XVIII PHILOSOPHY

and#160; "Primacy of feeling in religion, philosophy being a secondary function"

and#160; Intellectualism professes to escape subjective standards in her theological constructions

and#160; Dogmatic theology'

and#160; Criticism of its account of God's attributes

and#160; Pragmatism' as a test of the value of conceptions

and#160; God's metaphysical attributes have no practical significance

and#160; His moral attributes are proved by bad arguments ; collapse of systematic theology

and#160; Does transcendental idealism fare better? Its principles

and#160; Quotations from John Caird

and#160; "They are good as restatements of religious experience, but uncoercive as reasoned proof"

and#160; What philosophy can do for religion by transforming herself into 'science of religions'

LECTURE XIX OTHER CHARACTERISTICS

and#160; and#198;sthetic elements in religion

and#160; Contrast of Catholicism and Protestantism

and#160; Sacrifice and Confession

and#160; Prayer

and#160; Religion holds that spiritual work is really effected in prayer

and#160; Three degrees of opinion as to what is effected

and#160; First degree

and#160; Second degree

and#160; Third degree

and#160; "Automatisms, their frequency among religious leaders"

and#160; Jewish cases

and#160; Mohammed

and#160; Joseph Smith

and#160; Religion and the subconscious region in general

LECTURE XX CONCLUSIONS

and#160; Summary of religious characteristics

and#160; Men's religions need not be identical

and#160; "The science of religions' can only suggest, not proclaim, a religious creed"

and#160; Is religion a 'survival' of primitive thought?

and#160; Modern science rules out the concept of personality

and#160; Anthropomorphism and belief in the personal characterized pre-scientific thought

and#160; "Personal forces are real, in spite of this"

and#160; "Scientific objects are abstractions, only individualized experiences are concrete"

and#160; Religion holds by the concrete

and#160; Primarily religion is a biological reaction

and#160; Its simplest terms are an uneasiness and a deliverance ; description of the deliverance

and#160; Question of the reality of the higher power

and#160; The author's hypotheses:

and#160; 1. The subconscious self as intermediating between nature and the higher region

and#160; 2. "The higher region, or 'God'"

and#160; 3. He produces real effects in nature

POSTSCRIPT

and#160; Philosophic position of the present work defined as piecemeal supernaturalism

and#160; Criticism of universalistic supernaturalism

and#160; Different principles must occasion differences in fact

and#160; What differences in fact can God's existence occasion?

and#160; The question of immorality

and#160; Question of God's uniqueness and infinity : religious experience does not settle this question in the affirmative

and#160; The pluralistic hypothesis is more conformed to common sense

INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486421643
Author:
James, William
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
James, Matthew Thomas
Author:
James
Author:
James, Matthew
Location:
Mineola, N.Y.
Subject:
General
Subject:
Religion
Subject:
Spirituality
Subject:
Philosophy and religion
Subject:
Psychology, Religious
Subject:
Experience (religion)
Subject:
Experience
Subject:
Conversion
Subject:
Spirituality - General
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
Religion Comparative-General
Subject:
Religious
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series:
Dover Value Editions
Series Volume:
21
Publication Date:
20020831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Pages:
544
Dimensions:
8.25 x 5.19 in 1.13 lb

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The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902 (Economy Editions) New Trade Paper
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Product details 544 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486421643 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
First-rate study of spirituality documents and discusses a variety of religious states of consciousness, covering the meaning of the term "divine," reality of the unseen, religion of healthy-mindedness, sick soul, divided self and process of its unification, conversion, saintliness, and mysticism. Studded with richly concrete examples; a classic of its genre.
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