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Chemical History of a Candleby Michael Faraday
Synopses & Reviews
One of the greatest experimental scientists of all time, Michael Faraday (1791-1867) developed the first electric motor, electric generator, and dynamo — essentially creating the science of electrochemistry. This book, the result of six lectures he delivered to young students at Londons Royal Institution, concerns another form of energy — candlelight.
Faraday titled the lectures "The Chemical History of a Candle," choosing the subject because, as he explained, "There is not a law under which any part of this universe is governed which does not come into play and is not touched upon [during the time a candle burns]."
That statement is the foundation for a book that describes, with great clarity, the components, function and weight of the atmosphere; the function of a candle wick; capillary attraction; the carbon content in oxygen and living bodies; the production of carbon dioxide from coal gas and sugar; the properties of carbonic acid; respiration and its analogy to the burning of a candle; and much more. There is also a chapter comprising Faraday's "Lecture on Platinum."
A useful classroom teaching tool, this classic text will also appeal to a wide audience interested in scientific inquiry.
Book News Annotation:
This unabridged republication is based on a series of six lectures Faraday delivered to young students at London's Royal Institution in 1860-61, in which he professed that all governing laws of the universe come into play during the time a candle burns. The book covers all properties of a burning candle including the chemical components, function of weight and atmosphere, the wick, capillary attraction, carbon content in oxygen and living bodies, and properties of carbonic acid. The book's historical and scientific significance may appeal to a wide audience interested in science. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
The greatest experimental scientist Michael Faraday delivered these six lectures at London's Royal Institution. Their subjects include the components, function, and weight of the atmosphere; capillary attraction; the carbon content in oxygen and living bodies; respiration and its analogy to the burning of a candle; and much more. Numerous illustrations.
About the Author
One of the greatest experimental scientists of all time, Michael Faraday (1791-1867) essentially created the science of electrochemistry,developing the first electric motor, electric generator, and dynamo.
Michael Faraday: An Electric Personality
A major figure in nineteenth-century science, Michael Faraday (1791-1867) made immense contributions to the study of electricity and magnetism, discovering the laws of electromagnetic induction and electrolysis. His experiments are the foundation of subsequent electromagnetic technology. He also had a sense of humor. When the Prime Minister of England William Gladstone asked Faraday what the usefulness of electricity would be, Faraday famously replied, "Why, Sir, there is every possibility that you will soon be able to tax it!" In addition to being a great experimenter, Faraday had the gift of exposition for a popular audience, as seen in the books which Dover has reprinted, The Forces of Matter (2010), Experimental Researches in Electricity (2004), and perhaps his most famous single book for the general reader, The Chemical History of a Candle (2003).
It is reliably reported that Einstein had a photograph of Faraday on the wall of his study alongside portraits of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell.
In the Author's Own Words:
"The world little knows how many of the thoughts and theories which have passed through the mind of a scientific investigator have been crushed in silence and secrecy by his own severe criticism and adverse examination: that in the most successful instances not a tenth of the suggestions, the hopes, the wishes, the preliminary conclusions have been realized." — Michael Faraday
Table of Contents
LECTURE I. A CANDLE: THE FLAME-ITS SOURCES-STRUCTURE-MOBILITY-BRIGHTNESS
LECTURE II. BRIGHTNESS OF THE FLAME.-AIR NECESSARY FOR COMBUSTION-PRODUCTION OF WATER
LECTURE III. PRODUCTS: WATER FROM THE COMBUSTION.-NATURE OF WATER.-A COMPOUND.-HYDROGEN
LECTURE IV. HYDROGEN IN THE CANDLE.-BURNS INTO WATER.-THE OTHER PART OF WATER.-OXYGEN
LECTURE V. OXYGEN PRESENT IN THE AIR-NATURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE.-ITS PROPERTIES.-OTHER PRODUCTS FROM THE CANDLE.-CARBONIC ACID.-ITS PROPERTIES
LECTURE VI. CARBON OR CHARCOAL.-COAL-GAS.-RESPIRATION AND ITS ANALOGY TO THE BURNING OF A CANDLE.-CONCLUSION
LECTURE ON PLATINUM
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