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Holding China Together: Diversity and National Integration in the Post-Deng Eraby Barry Naughton
Synopses & Reviews
Despite many predictions of collapse and disintegration, China has managed to sustain unity and gain international stature since the Tiananmen crisis of 1989. This volume addresses the 'fragmentation/disintegration thesis' and examines the sources and dynamics of China's resilience. Through theoretically informed empirical studies, the volume's authors look at several key institutions for political integration and economic governance. They also dissect how difficult policies to regulate economic and social life (employment and migration, population planning, industriual adjustment, and regional disparities) are designed and implemented. The authors show that China's leaders have retained authoritarian political institutions, but have also reinforced and modified them and constructed new ones in the light of changing circumstances. In policy implementation, China's leaders have learnt by doing and made significant adaptations to improve the effectiveness of socio-economic policies. Institutional and policy adaptations together have helped shore up political authority and create an environment for rapid growth, while accomodating growing diversity.
Despite predictions of collapse, China has sustained unity and gained international stature since the Tiananmen crisis of 1989. This volume addresses the 'fragmentation/disintegration thesis' and examines the sources and dynamics of China's resilience. Through theoretically informed empirical studies, the authors consider key institutions for political integration and economic governance.
Despite repeated predictions of collapse and disintegration, China has managed to sustain national unity and gain international stature since the 1989 Tiananmen crisis. Examining the sources and dynamics of the resilience, this volume's contributors reveal how China's leaders have adapted and reinforced key economic and political institutions. They also disclose that implementation of complex policies to regulate economic and social life (employment and migration, population planning, industrial adjustment, and regional disparities) has become more effective over time within a context of growing social and economic diversity.
This volume addresses the ???fragmentation/disintegration thesis??? and examines the sources and dynamics of China??'s resilience.
About the Author
Barry Naughton is an economist who specializes in China's transitional economy. He has written on economic policy-making in China, and issues relating to industry, foreign trade, macroeconomics and regional development in China. Naughton teaches at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies of the University of California at San Diego. In 1998, he was named the first So Kuanlok Professor of Chinese and International Affairs. His study of Chinese economic reform, Growing Out of the Plan: Chinese Economic Reform, 1978-1993 (Cambridge University Press, 1995) won the Masayoshi Ohira Memorial Prize. His research on economic interactions among China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, focusing on the elections industry, led to the edited volume The China Circle: Economics and Technology in the PRC, Taiwan and Hong Kong (1997).Dali L. Yang is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Committee on International Relations at the University of Chicago. He has also served as a distinguished visiting professor at Nankai and Tsinghua Universities in China. He is the author of Calamity and Reform in China (1996), Beyond Beijing: Liberalization and the Regions in China (1997), and Remaking the Chinese Leviathan (forthcoming).
Table of Contents
Part I. The Institutions for Political and Economic Control: Adaptation of a Hierarchical System: 1. Political localism versus institutional restraints: elite recruitment in the Jiang era Cheng Li; 2. The institutionalization of elite management in China Zhiyue Bo; 3. The cadre evaluation system at the grassroots: the paradox of party rule Susan Whiting; 4. Economic transformation and state rebuilding in China Dali L. Yang; Part II. Case Studies of Policy Implementation: 5. Policy consistency in the midst of the Asian crisis: managing the furloughed and the farmers in three cities Dorothy J. Solinger; 6. Population control and state coercion in China Yanzhong Huang and Dali L. Yang; 7. The political economy of industrial restructuring in China's coal industry, 1992-1999 Fubing Su; 8. The western development program Barry Naughton.
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History and Social Science » Asia » China » Peoples Republic 1949 to Present