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Cheating Destiny: Living with Diabetes, America's Biggest Epidemicby James S Hirsch
Synopses & Reviews
We are a diabetic nation: according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in three Americans born in this century will become diabetic. James Hirschand#8217;s myth-shattering blend of history, reportage, advocacy, and memoir will speak for, and to, the 20 million Americans who live with this disease. Cheating Destiny offers revealing views of the diabetic subculture, the urge toward secrecy that many diabetics feel, the glycemic rollercoaster they ride constantly, and the remarkable perseveranceand#151;even heroismand#151;required for survival.
Hirsch is uniquely qualified to write this book. An award-winning journalist and best-selling author, he has lived with type 1 diabetes for twenty-five years. His brother Irl, also a diabetic, is one of the countryand#8217;s leading diabetologists. Most poignantly, he knows firsthand the toll diabetes can take on parents: his three-year-old son was diagnosed with the disease while Hirsch was writing this book.
Hirsch draws on all this expertise to craft an incisive, surprising portrayal of the fascinating science behind the disease and the skyrocketing impact of diabetes on our economy and society. Most striking is his candid, authoritative writing about the psychological and emotional hurdles that diabetics confront every day. Anyone who lives with diabetesand#151;or loves a diabeticand#151;will find here an empowering voice of empathy.
"Hirsch, a type 1 diabetic, agonized when his three-year-old son began exhibiting the symptoms of diabetes. More, he was prompted to take a look at diabetes and how it is treated in this country and the possibility of finding a cure for this ravaging disease. What he finds isn't always encouraging. Skillfully combining journalistic expertise with his personal story, Hirsch, a former reporter for the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal (Hurricane: Riot and Remembrance) asks the editor of a hugely popular Web site about the quality of care for diabetes in this country. The response: 'It stinks.' Hirsch details the physical complications that arise for insulin-dependent type 1 diabetics and health insurers' reluctance to fully reimburse relatively low-cost education for diabetics, resulting in their need for high-cost diagnostic testing and hospital care. Some of Hirsch's reporting uncovers a common blame-the-patient attitude in doctors. The author also covers the controversial studies of Denise Faustman, whose groundbreaking research has produced promising results in mice, and the stem-cell research of Douglas Melton. Overall, this is an informative and moving analysis of a disease with a death rate that, high as it is, the author says is underreported. 16 pages of b&w photos." Publishers Weekly (Copyright Reed Business Information, Inc.)
"Why is there still no cure for diabetes? James S. Hirsch has every right to ask. He's lived with the disease since he was 15; his brother, who was diagnosed at 6, is now a nationally prominent diabetes doctor. And in the course of researching 'Cheating Destiny,' his new book on the subject, Hirsch learned that his young son has diabetes, too. He knows what lies in the boy's future: a lifetime of finger... Washington Post Book Review (read the entire Washington Post review) pricks, insulin injections — and the hovering specter of disability and early death. It is a desperate thing for a father to contemplate, but it gives a powerful emotional drive to this insightful, deeply reported book. By now, the facts are nearly boilerplate: Diabetes is epidemic in America, affecting about a 10th of the population and rising; its costs in health care and related expenses are measured in the billions of dollars. Minority groups develop diabetes at above-average rates, and now more and more young people are showing up with what used to be called the 'adult' form, type 2. (Although Hirsch and his family members have the less common type 1, in which the body has completely lost the ability to make its own insulin, he is just as clued in to the 'insidious' type 2, in which the body's production and use of insulin are impaired.) Tens of thousands of diabetics are still undiagnosed; few of those who do know they have the disease get good treatment. Tough stats, but they don't say much about what it's like to live with diabetes and the roller-coaster of blood-sugar highs and lows, the daily calculations of what and how and when to eat, the constant, exhausting vigilance. Hirsch, a former reporter for the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times, understands all that, down to the most mundane details. I used to be proud of my talent for shooting insulin on the sly in the middle of a busy Starbucks — until I read about what Hirsch did in Times Square. He was looking for a place where he could inject, and no restaurant would let him use a bathroom without buying a meal. So he ended up taking a peep-show booth, filling his syringe as a stripper gyrated on the other side of the glass. More harrowing is the chapter about the time Hirsch miscalculated the balance between his insulin and his food intake, sending his blood sugar plummeting. Dazed, he got into his car anyway — and wound up driving himself and his son off the highway and into a ditch. (Neither of them was seriously injured.) This is a guy who is as well-informed about diabetes as a layperson can be, who is lucky enough to have access to the nation's best doctors — but even he stumbled. Do the rest of us even have a chance? Hirsch thinks so: While some health experts say that the kind of behavior modification necessary to fight the disease is 'too elusive and too difficult to translate to the masses,' he believes that 'most diabetics, given the tools and training, are willing to discipline themselves to stay healthy.' And yet diabetes is particularly — perhaps uniquely — unsuited to the way medicine is practiced and paid for in America. Ideally, most patients would receive intensive and ongoing education in addition to regular monitoring and testing by a team of health professionals working in concert. Good luck making that happen. Our medical system has evolved to treat sudden or episodic illnesses, not chronic ones. Hirsch describes the perverse incentives and shortsightedness that drive health insurance companies to cover, for example, leg amputation, but not the care and education that would have saved the leg in the first place. Through nuanced profiles of patients, doctors, researchers and activists, Hirsch persuasively illustrates an epidemic that is at odds with modern society at almost every level. While technology has brought us such remarkable advances as the home blood-glucose meter, with superfast results that allow the fine-tuning of treatment, those high-tech promises come with frustrations, too, such as hypersensitive meters that regularly give faulty numbers. Meanwhile, not only is public funding pitifully low for both research and treatment, but the way research is financed in this country discourages the kind of out-of-the-box thinking that some experts believe might lead to a cure. Hirsch also raises the disturbing possibility that the $132 billion-plus diabetes industry may have little incentive to find one. But the blame rests elsewhere, too. Patients and doctors have become too complacent, Hirsch says, accepting halfway measures because eradicating the disease seems like a fantasy. Parents of children with type 1 diabetes have long been active advocates for research, but too many people with type 2 are absent from the fight, ducking their heads in guilt because they believe the illness is their fault: a result of moral weakness and lack of willpower. It's the same emotional bind that inhibits many from managing their condition. Now Hirsch has written the book that people who care about diabetes have been waiting for. If it spurs more of us to work for a cure, so much the better. Sara Sklaroff is a Washington-based writer and editor." Reviewed by Sara Sklaroff, Washington Post Book World (Copyright 2006 Washington Post Book World Service/Washington Post Writers Group)
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A candid, provocative, and moving account of one of Americas fastest-growing health issues
If you or someone you love has diabetes, you are not alone — more than twenty million Americans now live with the disease. In Cheating Destiny, the best-selling author James S. Hirsch offers an incisive, sometimes surprising portrait of diabetes in America. Hirsch is intimately familiar with the disease: he has lived with type 1 diabetes for three decades. His brother, Irl, also a diabetic, is one of the countrys leading diabetologists. Most poignantly, his son Garrett was diagnosed at age three.
Hirsch draws on his unique expertise to provide an engaging blend of reportage, memoir, history, and advocacy. He offers revealing views of life with diabetes: the urge toward secrecy that many diabetics feel, the everyday psychological and emotional hurdles, and the perseverance — even heroism — required for survival. Hirsch takes a look at the science behind the disease and its treatment, and lays bare the impact on our economy, society, and our families. Anyone who lives with diabetes — or loves a diabetic — will find this book essential reading.
Hirschs myth-shattering blend of history, reportage, advocacy, and memoir speaks to the 20 million Americans who live with diabetes. He offers revealing views of the diabetic subculture, the glycemic rollercoaster they ride, and the remarkable perseverance--even heroism--required for survival.
About the Author
James S. Hirsch is a former reporter for the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. His first book, Hurricane, about the boxer Rubin Carter, garnered much acclaim and appeared on the bestseller lists of the New York Times, the Boston Globe, the Los Angeles Times and the Wall Street Journal. He resides in Needham, Massachusetts.
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