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Computer Perspective

Computer Perspective Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

A Computer Perspectiveis an illustrated essay on the origins and first lines of development of the computer. The complex network of creative forces and socialpressures that have produced the computer is personified here in the creators of instruments of computation, and their machines or tables; the inventors of mathematical or logical concepts and their applications; and the fabricators ofpractical devices to serve the immediate needs of government, commerce, engineering, and science.

The book is based on an exhibition conceived and assembled for International Business MachinesCorporation. Like the exhibition, it is not a history in the narrow sense of a chronology of concepts and devices. Yet these pages actually display more true history (in relation to the computer) than many more conventionalpresentations of the development of science and technology.

About the Author

I. Bernard Cohen, Victor S. Thomas Professor of the History of Science, Emeritus, at <”NEW”>HarvardUniversity, is one of the founders of the modern study of the history of science.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Prologue

Charles Babbage
Calculating Machines
Statistical Machines
Logical Automata

1890s
The 1890 Census. First Russian Census. Galton: The Measure of Man. Finger Prints. John Gore at the Prudential. Marquand's Logic Machine. Pastore: Logic on Wheels. Mental Calculation. Lon Bolle. The "Millionaire". The Comptometer and the Burroughs. Calculation by Measurement

1900s
The Dynamo and the Virgin. Moxon's Master. Alfred Binet: The Scale of Intelligence. Punch Cards for Commerce. Statistical Fallout. Taylorization. The Copper Man. Astronomical Calculations. Bjerknes' Weather Mechanics

1910s
Gyroscopic Guidance. Maintaining an Attitude. Assembly Lines. Torres' Theory of Automata. Torres' Algebraic Machines. The Great Brass Brain. Pearson's Battle for Biometrics. Power's Printing Tabulator. Facts and Government. Un-uniform Soldiers. Aberdeen. Weather Forecast-Factory

1920s
Bush's Profile Tracer. The Product Integraph. L.J. Comrie and Scientific Calculation. Corn and Correlation. Thomas J. Watson Sr. and the Business of Machines. Ben Wood and Educational Measurement. Planning the Five Year Plans. Minorsky and Metal Mike. Homeostasis

1930s
Dark Visions of Machines. Some Machine Utopias. Robots. Servomechanisms. Social Security. Hooten: The American Criminal. America Speaks. Leontief and Input-Output. Eckert's "Mechanical Programmer". The Bush Differential Analyzer. Meccano. Zuse. The Switch to Base Two. Aiken and the A.S.C.C.. The Universal Turing Machine

1940s
Self-regulating Systems. ENIAC at the Moore School. Ballistics. The First Programmers. The von Neumann Concept. The Weather Group. The "Analytical Engine". Operations Research. Information Processing. Cryptography. Cybernetics. Simulation in Real Time. The Computer

The First Twenty Years of the Computer

Exhibition Credits

Acknowledgments

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674156258
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Location:
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Author:
Staples, Robert
Author:
Eames, Charles
Author:
Cohen, I. Bernard
Author:
Fleck, Glen
Author:
Eames, Ray
Subject:
General science
Subject:
Computers
Subject:
Computers -- Exhibitions.
Copyright:
Series Volume:
no. 132
Publication Date:
19730101
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
General/trade
Illustrations:
351 halftones, 104 color illustrations,
Pages:
176
Dimensions:
8.75 x 8.75 in 1.8 lb

Related Subjects

Science and Mathematics » History of Science » Technology

Computer Perspective
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Product details 176 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674156258 Reviews:
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