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1 Burnside Biology- General

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Science as a Way of Knowing: The Foundations of Modern Biology

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Science as a Way of Knowing: The Foundations of Modern Biology Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

For the past twenty-five years John Moore has taught biology instructors how to teach biology--by emphasizing the questions people have asked about life through the ages and the ways naturalphilosophers and scientists have sought the answers. This book makes Moore's uncommon wisdom available to students in a lively and richly illustrated account of the history and workings of life. Employing a breadth of rhetoricstrategies--including vividly written case histories, hypotheses and deductions, and chronological narrative--Science as a Way of Knowingprovides not only a cultural history of biology but also asplendid introduction to the procedures and values of science.

Book News Annotation:

A wonderful book--clear, interpretive, nontechnical yet inclusive--written for nonspecialists seeking a deeper understanding of how modern molecular biology, ecology, and biotechnology came to be. Moore (emeritus, biology, U. of Calif. Riverside) interweaves case studies, hypotheses, deductions, and chronological narrative to convey the history of biology and give a sound introduction to the procedures and values of science.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

splendid introduction to the procedures and values of science.

About the Author

John A. Moorewas the author of numerous textbooks in genetics and development and Emeritus Professor of Biology at the <>University ofCalifornia, Riverside.

Table of Contents

Introduction
A Brief Conceptual Framework for Biology

PART ONE: UNDERSTANDING NATURE

1. The Antecedents of Scientific Thought
Animism, Totemism, and Shamanism
The Paleolithic View
Mesopotamia
Egypt

2. Aristotle and the Greek View of Nature
The Science of Animal Biology
The Parts of Animals
The Classification of Animals
The Aristotelian System
Basic Questions

3. Those Rational Greeks?

Theophrastus and the Science of Botany
The Roman Pliny
Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine
Erasistratus
Galen of Pergamum
The Greek Miracle

4. The Judeo-Christian Worldview
The Bishop of Hippo
Scholastic Thought
Islamic Science
Books on Beasts
Antecedents of a Revolution

5. The Revival of Science
Andreas Vesalius and the Study of Structure
William Harvey and the Study of Function
Sir Francis Bacon's Great Instauration
Induction, Hypothesis, Deduction
The Very Small--Animalcules
Robert Hooke and the Discovery of Cells

6. Figur'd Stones and Plastick Virtue
Marine Life on Mountain Tops?
Figured Stones of Unknown Creatures
Baron Cuvier
Quarries of the Paris Basin
Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism
William Smith and the Geological Column
Understanding Nature in 1850

PART TWO: THE GROWTH OF EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT

7. The Paradigm of Evolution
First Questions
The Paradigm of Natural Theology
First Answers

8. Testing Darwins Hypotheses
Have Life Forms Changed over Time?
Do Species Evolve into Different Species over Time?
Has There Been Time Enough for Evolution?
Is Natural Selection the Mechanism of Change?
The Genetic Basis of Natural Selection
Accounting for the Diversity of Life

9. In the Light of Evolution
Comparative Anatomy
Embryonic Development
Classification
Microstructure
Molecular Processes

10. Life over Time
The Origin of Life
The Rise of Multicelled Organisms
What Is a Phylum?
Burgess Shale Metazoans
Early Evolution of the Vertebrates
The Age of Dinosaurs
Birds, Mammals, and Flowering Plants
The Rancho La Brea Tar Pits
Human Evolution
The Role of Extinction in Evolution

PART THREE: CLASSICAL GENETICS

11. Pangenesis
What Is the Question?
Hippocrates and Aristotle
The Darwinian Answer
Assembling the Data
Formulating the Hypothesis by Induction
Galton's Rabbits

12. The Cell Theory

The Discovery of Cells: Robert Hooke
Schwann and Cells in Animals
Gametes as Cells
Omnis cellula e cellula?
The Technology of Cell Research

13. The Hypothesis of Chromosomal Continuity
The Ephemeral Nucleus
Schneider, Flemming, and Cell Division
The Chromosomes and inheritance
Gamete Formation
Fertilization

14. Mendel and the Birth of Genetics
Model for Monohybrid Crosses
Model for Dihybrid Crosses
Mendel's Laws
Initial Opposition to Mendelism

15. Genetics + Cytology: 1900-1910
Sutton's Model
The Cytological Basis of Mendel's Laws
Boveri and Abnormal Chromosome Sets
Variations in Mendelian Ratios
The Discovery of Sex Chromosomes

16. The Genetics of the Fruit Fly
Morgan's First Hypothesis
Morgan's Second Hypothesis
The Fly Room
Linkage and Crossing-Over
The Cytological Proof of Crossing-Over
Mapping the Chromosomes
The Final Proof
The Determinants of Sex
The Conceptual Foundations of Classical Genetics

17. The Structure and Function of Genes
One Gene, One Enzyme
The Substance of Inheritance
The Watson-Crick Model of DNA
Genes and the Synthesis of Proteins
The Genetic Code

PART FOUR: THE ENIGMA OF DEVELOPMENT

18. First Principles
The Peripatetic Stagirite
The Death and Rebirth of Scientific Thought
Harvey and Malpighi
A Two-Millennial Summing Up
Preformation versus Epigenesis

19. The Century of Discovery
Von Baer's Discovery of the Mammalian Ovum
Darwin's Contribution to Embryology
Haeckel and Recapitulation

20. Descriptive Embryology
Germ Layers
The External Development of the Amphibian Embryo
The Internal Development of the Amphibian Embryo

21. The Dawn of Analytical Embryology
His, Roux, and Mosaic Development
Driesch and Regulative Development
Novelty in Development
Cell Lineage
Nucleus or Cytoplasm?
Fin de Siècle

22. Interactions during Development
Amphibian Organizers
Secondary Organizers
The Reacting Tissue
The Chemical Nature of the Organizer
Putting It All Together

Conclusion
Further Reading
References
Illustration Credits
Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780674794801
Subtitle:
The Foundations of Modern Biology
Author:
Moore, John
Author:
Moore, John A.
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Location:
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Biology
Subject:
Life Sciences - Biology - General
Copyright:
Publication Date:
April 1993
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
40 halftones, 60 line illustrations, 3 t
Pages:
544
Dimensions:
9.25 x 6.375 in 1.9 lb

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Product details 544 pages Harvard University Press - English 9780674794801 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , splendid introduction to the procedures and values of science.
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