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The Soulful Science: What Economists Really Do and Why It Mattersby Diane Coyle
Synopses & Reviews
9780691125138KurztextCoyle shows how better data, increased computing power, and techniques such as game theory have transformed economic theory and practice in recent years, enabling economists to make huge strides in understanding real human behavior.Using insights from psychology, evolution, and complexity, economists are revolutionizing efforts to solve the world's most serious problems by giving policymakers a new and vastly more accurate picture of human society than ever before.
9780691131245KurztextMost policymakers in the United States and Israel have it wrong. Hezbollah isn't a simple terrorist organization -nor is it likely to disappear soon. The Shi'i group - which combines the functions of a militia, a social service and public works provider, and a political party -is more popular than ever.With unmatched clarity and authority, Augustus Norton tells how Hezbollah developed, how it has evolved, and what direction it might take in the future.
9780691125268KurztextBy any measure, the Pythagorean theorem is the most famous statement in all of mathematics. Well over four hundred proofs are known to exist. Although attributed to Pyhagoras, the theorem was known to the Babylonians more than a thousand years before him. In this book, Eli Maor brings to life many of the characters that played a role in the development of the Pythagorean theorem.
9780691096100KurztextThe Essential John Nash reveals his work - in his own words. This volume lets readers experience for themselves the extraordinary range and power of Nash's contributions to diverse branches of mathematics. Included are nine of Nash's most influential papers, most of them written over the decade beginning in 1949
9780231140140KurztextWhat is truth? What value should we see in or attribute to it? The war over the meaning and utility of truth is at the center of contemporary philosophcal debate, and its arguments have rocked the foundations of philosophical practice. The American pragmatist Richard Rorty doubts that the notion of truth can be of any practical use. Engel prefers a realist conception, defending the relevance and value of truth as a norm of belief and of inquiry both in science and in the public domain.
9780231140447KurztextThe themes discussed in this engaging and highly readable confrontation have a wide range. They investigate the nature of consciousness, the bearer and location of psychological attributes, the intelligibility of talk of maps and representations in the brain, the notion of "qualia", the coherence of the notion of an "intentional stance", and the relationships among mind, brain, and body.
9780231141024KurztextThe denunciation of fundamentalism in France has shifted into a systematic attack on all Muslims and Islam. In recognizing this, Rob hopes to introduce a new element into the current debate concerning Islam and democracy. He makes important distinctions between Arab and non-Arab Muslims, hegemony and tolerance, and the role of the ummah and the shariah in Muslim religious life
9780231139380KurztextNancy Cunnard left a life than surpasses Hollywood fantasy. The only child and heir to the Cunnard shipping fortune, Cunnard abandoned the life of a celebrated socialite and Jazz Age icon to pursue a lifelong battle against social injustice as a wartime journalist, humanitarian aid worker, and civil rights champion. Intelligent and beautiful, she romanced the great writers of her era and was the inspiration for characters in the works of Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Aldous Huxley, Pablo Neruda, Samuel Beckett, and Ernest Hemingway among others.
9780520248700KurztextDirt, soil, call it what you want - it's everywhere we go. It is the root of our existence, supporting our feet, our farms, our cities. An engaging natural and cultural history of soil that sweeps from ancient civilizations to modern environmental calamities. Dirt traces the role of soil use and abuse in the history of Mesopotamia, Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, China, European colonialism, Central America, and the American push westward.
9780520252660KurztextThis beautifully illustrated guide to the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia, the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, is the perfect companion for travelers and armchair travelers alike. It provides a concise survey of three ancient cultures that have often been misunderstood, both because of Biblical and neoclassical traditions, and because of twentieth- and twenty-first-century events.
9780520252653KurztextThis pocket-sized reference draws on the vast treasures of this ancient civilization to illustrate the remarkable achievements of one of the great empires of the West, from the traditional date of Rome's founding - 754 B.C. - until the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476, the year in which the last emperor, the boy Romulus Augustus, was deposed by the Goths and the imperial insignia was sent to Constantinople.
9780520246607KurztextExtensively illustrated with maps, color photographs, and graphics, this state-of-the-art reference offers a comprehensive and authoritative status reprot on the world's 100, 000 parks, nature reserves, and other land and marine areas currently designated as protected areas.Now covering 12 percent of the Earth's surface, protected areas provide a wide range of valuable ecological benefits.
9781845204303KurztextThis is the very first story of the bean, the staple food cultivated by humans for over ten thousand years. From the lentil to the soya bean, every civilization on the planet has cultivated its own species of bean. The humble bean has always attracted attention - from Pythagoras' notion that the bean hosted a human soul to St. Jerome's indictment against bean-eating in convents (because they 'tickle the genitals') to current research into the deadly toxins contained in the most commonly eaten beans. Packed with intriguing facts and humorous anecdotes, Beans: A History takes the reader on a fascinating journey across cuisines and cultures.
9781845206116KurztextWritten by one of Europe's leading cultural critics, Art as Far as the Eye Can See puts art back where it matters - at the centre of politics. Art used to be an engagement between artist and materials. But, in our new media world arts very materials have changed and have become technologised. This change reflects a broader social shift. Speed and politics have been transformed in to speed and mass culture. And the defining characteristic of mass culture today is panic. This induced panic relies on a new, all-seeing technology. And the first casualty of this is the human response. What we are losing is our sense of the aesthetic.
9781845207557KurztextRestaurants are key sites for practices of social distinction. They define urban landscapes, reflecting and shaping the character of neighborhoods or standing for the ethos of an entire city or nation. Whether they spread authoritarian French organizational models or the bland standardization of American fast food, restaurants have been accused of contributing to the homogenization of cultures. Yet restaurants have also played a central role in the reassertion of the local, as powerful cultural brokers and symbols for protests against a globalized food system. The Restaurants Book brings together anthropological insights into these thoroughly postmodern places.
09781845203429KurztextWhat caused the demise of haute couture in the 20th century? What does the 'democratisation' of fashion actually mean? Which key designers bridged the gap between 'couture', with its associations of elite class and taste, and 'street style', a product of tribalism and of popular culture and protest? If fashion imitates art and art imitates life, does life imitate fashion - do we wear the clothes or do the clothes wear us? A Cultural History of Fashion in the Twentieth Century presents an engaging history of the interplay between commerce and culture, technology and aesthetics, popular culture and pastiche, and fashion and anti-fashion.
09781845206833KurztextHow do common household items transform our daily lives? The Design of Everyday Life considers this question in detail, from the design of products through to their use in the home. Drawing on interviews with consumers themselves, the authors look at how everyday objects, ranging from screwdrivers to photo management software, are used on a practical level. Closely investigating the design, production and use of mass-market goods, the authors offer new interpretations of how consumers' needs are met and manufactured. This book offers a fresh perspective on material culture, drawing crucial--and previously overlooked--links between design, consumption and use.
9781845207779KurztextThe 19th Century saw Van Eyck mania with ever-more fanciful tales in the press of his life as monkish painter, murderer, arsonist, and inventor of oil-painting, with Van Eyck carpets and mirrors, scenes from his life and cheap colour prints of his work for popular consumption, and with the claiming of Van Eyck as the first Pre-Raphaelite. Today, Van Eyck is regarded as the first realist painter, with popular and scholarly attention now shifted from the altar-piece to the riddle of his celebrated Arnolfini marriage portrait. Beautifully illustrated, Inventing Van yck tells the extraordinary story of the making of an artist for the modern age.
9781845207045KurztextPornification presents an international overview of how pornography - from softcore to hardcore, gay to straight, female to male, black to white - infiltrates and proliferates through our media. Porn is everywhere; from the suggestiveness of music videos to the explicit discussions of popular magazines; from the erotica of advertising to the refashioning of sex acts into art works; from a small garage industry to an internet empire. Exploring music videos, alt porn sites, Cosmogirls and Gaydar online
"Coyle describes brilliantly the intellectual geography of her subject. So anyone who wants to understand how the big ideas of the past half century fit together, and which economists’ publications have been key in advancing particular arguments, could not do better than read this book." Frances Cairncross, Nature
To many, Thomas Carlyle's put-down of economics as "the dismal science" is as fitting now as it was 150 years ago. But Diane Coyle argues that economics today is more soulful than dismal, a more practical and human science than ever before. Building on the popularity of books such as Freakonomics that have applied economic thinking to the paradoxes of everyday life, The Soulful Science describes the remarkable creative renaissance in how economics is addressing the most fundamental questions--and how it is starting to help solve problems such as poverty and global warming. A lively and entertaining tour of the most exciting new economic thinking about big-picture problems, The Soulful Science uncovers the hidden humanization of economics over the past two decades.
Coyle shows how better data, increased computing power, and techniques such as game theory have transformed economic theory and practice in recent years, enabling economists to make huge strides in understanding real human behavior. Using insights from psychology, evolution, and complexity, economists are revolutionizing efforts to solve the world's most serious problems by giving policymakers a new and vastly more accurate picture of human society than ever before. They are also building our capacity to understand how what we do today shapes what the world will look like tomorrow. And the consequences of these developments for human life, for governments, and for businesses are only now starting to be realized--in areas such as resource auctions, pollution-credit trading, and monetary policy.
The Soulful Science tells us how economics got its soul back--and how it just might help save the planet's.
Table of Contents
Prologue to Part 1 7
Part 1. The Mysteries of Wealth and Poverty 9
Chapter One: The History Detectives 11
Chapter Two: What Makes Economies Grow? 36
Chapter Three: How to Make Poverty History 64
Prologue to Part 2 97
Part 2. Are Individuals Free to Choose? 99
Chapter Four: What's It All About? 101
Chapter Five: Economics for Humans 121
Chapter Six: Information and Markets 146
Prologue to Part 3 175
Part 3. Nature, Markets, and Society 177
Chapter Seven: Murderous Apes and Entrepreneurs 179
Chapter Eight: Economy versus Society 203
Chapter Nine: Why Economics Has Soul 230
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