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Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography

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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science--and by the personality cult Atatürk created around himself--would reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas.

Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatürk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.

Review:

"The author of this book brings to it all the strengths that we know from his other major works: a deep understanding of European intellectual movements of the 19th and early 20th century as well as an unrivaled knowledge of the Young Turk generation." Erik-Jan Zurcher, The Times Higher Education Supplement

Review:

"The path to understanding the mind of Atatürk should begin with this book. It reveals a complex and remarkable man, who shaped the history of Turkey and the world." --Joseph Richard Preville, The Saudi Gazette

Book News Annotation:

Enigmatic, complex, and visionary, Mustafa Kemal Atatrk was the first president of Turkey (beginning in 1923) and the founder of modern Turkey--the leader of the country as it transitioned from the Ottoman imperial order into a modern state. Hanioglu (Near Eastern studies, Princeton U.) states in his introduction: "...any scholar seeking to grapple with the historical Ataturk must engage primarily in demythologizing, historicizing, and contextualizing through the use of primary source material." He draws on Ataturk's speeches, correspondence, and other writings (as well as selected secondary sources) to do just that, with exclusive focus on his ideas and, generally, avoidance of the details of his personal life. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Synopsis:

"Learned and deeply insightful, this elegantly written book offers a unique perspective on the founder of modern Turkey. Hanioglu's exploration of the evolving ideas of Atatürk, their provenance and context, and their impact on the policies of the Turkish Republic is a singular contribution to understanding Atatürk and his legacy. It is also a brilliant intellectual and cultural history of his age, and a veritable model of how the intertwined paths of politics and the history of ideas can be explored through the medium of biography."--Muhammad Qasim Zaman, author of The Ulama in Contemporary Islam

"This is the best book on Mustafa Kemal Atatürk ever written. Hanioglu deals with virtually every single aspect of Atatürk's biography without drowning in the partisan battles surrounding it. I am certain that this powerful book will become a classic."--Cemil Aydin, author of The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia

"Hanioglu has produced a work that is both accessible and intellectually stimulating. It is safe to say that there are few scholars alive today who are able to provide the rich historical perspective on Atatürk's life that Hanioglu provides here."--Benjamin C. Fortna, author of Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire

Synopsis:

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science--and by the personality cult Atatürk created around himself--would reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas.

Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatürk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.

About the Author

M. ?ükrü Hanio?lu is the Garrett Professor in Foreign Affairs in the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. His books include "A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire" (Princeton).

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables ix

A Note on Transliteration and Personal and Place Names xi

Turkish Pronunciation Guide xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction 1

Chapter 1. Fin-de-siècle Salonica 8

Chapter 2. Das Volk in Waffen: The Formation of an Ottoman Officer 31

Chapter 3. The Scientism of the Young Turks 48

Chapter 4. From Wars to the Great War: A Hero Is Born 68

Chapter 5. Muslim Communism? The Turkish War of Independence 86

Chapter 6. The Secular Republic 129

Chapter 7. Nationalism and Kemalism 160

Chapter 8. Turkey and the West 199

Conclusion 226

Bibliography 233

Index 255

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691151090
Subtitle:
An Intellectual Biography
Author:
Hanioglu, M. Sükrü
Author:
Hanioglu, M. Sukru
Author:
Hanioglu, M. S
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Subject:
Presidents
Subject:
European History
Subject:
World History/Comparative History
Subject:
Middle Eastern Studies
Subject:
Middle Eastern Studi
Subject:
Es
Subject:
Biography-Presidents and Heads of State
Publication Date:
20110529
Binding:
Hardback
Language:
English
Illustrations:
17 halftones.
Pages:
296
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.5 in 17 oz

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Related Subjects

Biography » Historical
Biography » Presidents and Heads of State
History and Social Science » Middle East » Turkey

Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography New Hardcover
0 stars - 0 reviews
$43.98 In Stock
Product details 296 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691151090 Reviews:
"Review" by , "The author of this book brings to it all the strengths that we know from his other major works: a deep understanding of European intellectual movements of the 19th and early 20th century as well as an unrivaled knowledge of the Young Turk generation."
"Review" by , "The path to understanding the mind of Atatürk should begin with this book. It reveals a complex and remarkable man, who shaped the history of Turkey and the world." --
"Synopsis" by , "Learned and deeply insightful, this elegantly written book offers a unique perspective on the founder of modern Turkey. Hanioglu's exploration of the evolving ideas of Atatürk, their provenance and context, and their impact on the policies of the Turkish Republic is a singular contribution to understanding Atatürk and his legacy. It is also a brilliant intellectual and cultural history of his age, and a veritable model of how the intertwined paths of politics and the history of ideas can be explored through the medium of biography."--Muhammad Qasim Zaman, author of The Ulama in Contemporary Islam

"This is the best book on Mustafa Kemal Atatürk ever written. Hanioglu deals with virtually every single aspect of Atatürk's biography without drowning in the partisan battles surrounding it. I am certain that this powerful book will become a classic."--Cemil Aydin, author of The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia

"Hanioglu has produced a work that is both accessible and intellectually stimulating. It is safe to say that there are few scholars alive today who are able to provide the rich historical perspective on Atatürk's life that Hanioglu provides here."--Benjamin C. Fortna, author of Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire

"Synopsis" by , When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science--and by the personality cult Atatürk created around himself--would reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas.

Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatürk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.

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