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1 Burnside Ethnic Studies- Chinese American

Closing the Gate: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion ACT

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Closing the Gate: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion ACT Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which barred practically all Chinese from American shores for ten years, was the first federal law that banned a group of immigrants solely on the basis of race or nationality. By changing America's traditional policy of open immigration, this landmark legislation set a precedent for future restrictions against Asian immigrants in the early 1900s and against Europeans in the 1920s.

Tracing the origins of the Chinese Exclusion Act, Andrew Gyory presents a bold new interpretation of American politics during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age. Rather than directly confront such divisive problems as class conflict, economic depression, and rising unemployment, he contends, politicians sought a safe, nonideological solution to the nation's industrial crisis—and latched onto Chinese exclusion. Ignoring workers' demands for an end simply to imported contract labor, they claimed instead that working people would be better off if there were no Chinese immigrants. By playing the race card, Gyory argues, national politicians—not California, not organized labor, and not a general racist atmosphere—provided the motive force behind the era's most racist legislation.

Synopsis:

The most detailed account available of Chinese exclusion as a national issue.

Journal of Interdisciplinary History A fine book, well argued, well documented, and well written.

Pacific Northwest Quarterly Gyory manages to provide an informative new study by combining extensive research with engaging prose.

Choice One of the most noteworthy contributions in U.S. political history in years.

Leon Fink, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gyory's work is the first fresh, original interpretation of the origins of Chinese exclusion in quite some time.

Lucy E. Salyer, University of New Hampshire

Synopsis:

Analyzes the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 from a national perspective. By playing the race card, national politicians—not California, not organized labor, and not a general racist atmosphere—were responsible for this law.

About the Author

Andrew Gyory holds a Ph.D. in American history from the University of Massachusetts. He lives in Maplewood, New Jersey.

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Very Recklessness of Statesmanship: Explanations for Chinese Exclusion, 1870s-1990s

Chapter 2. To Fetch Men Wholesale: Framing the Chinese Issue Nationally in the 1860s and the First Chinese Scare in 1869

Chapter 3. Yan-ki vs. Yan-kee: Americans React to Chinese Laborers in 1870

Chapter 4. All Sorts of Tricks: Defining Importation, 1871-1875

Chapter 5. To Overcome the Apathy of National Legislators: The Presidential Campaign of 1876

Chapter 6. The Reign of Terror to Come: Uprising and Red Scare, 1877-1878

Chapter 7. An Unduly Inflated Sack of Very Bad Gas: Denis Kearney Comes East, 1878

Chapter 8. Rolling in the Dirt: The Fifteen Passenger Bill of 1879

Chapter 9. An Earthquake of Excitement: California and the Exodus East, 1879-1880

Chapter 10. No Material Difference: The Presidential Campaign of 1880

Chapter 11. The Gate Must Be Closed: The Angell Treaty and the Race to Exclude, 1881-1882

Chapter 12. A Mere Question of Expediency: The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

Appendix: Text of the Chinese Exclusion Act

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Figures

2.1. Uncle Sam's Thanksgiving Dinner

2.2. The Youngest Introducing the Oldest

3.1. Yan-ki vs. Yan-kee

3.2. William M. Stewart

3.3 The New Pandora's Box

5.1. Philip A. Roach

5.2. Aaron A. Sargent

7.1. The Progress of One of Kearney's Speeches

7.2. Up Hill Work for the California Drayman

7.3. Adolph Strasser

8.1. James G. Blaine

8.2. Will History Repeat Itself?

8.3. Kearney's Senatorial Restaurant

8.4. Hannibal Hamlin

8.5. The Chinese Question Would Be Settled if the Chinee, Chinee, Would Votee! Votee!! Votee!!!

8.6. The Demagogues' Triumph

9.1. California's New Constitution

9.2. Yung Wing

9.3. The Chinese Plague

9.4. Strikes and Their Results

10.1. The "Magnetic" Blaine

10.2. Where Both Platforms Agree

10.3. William M. Evarts

10.4. The Morey Letter

11.1. James B. Angell

11.2. George Frisbie Hoar

11.3. George F. Edmunds

11.4. Senator Edmunds's Greatest Effort

12.1. Joseph R. Hawley

12.2. (Dis-)"Honors Are Easy"

Product Details

ISBN:
9780807847398
Author:
Gyory, Andrew
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
Location:
Chapel Hill :
Subject:
History
Subject:
Emigration and immigration
Subject:
Emigration & Immigration
Subject:
Social conditions
Subject:
Political History
Subject:
United States - 19th Century/Gilded Age
Subject:
California Race relations.
Subject:
Labor policy -- California -- History -- 19th century.
Subject:
United States - 19th Century
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
United States Race relations.
Subject:
United States Emigration and immigration.
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act; Asian Americans; Chinese immigration; Gilded Age; race; racism; Reconstruction; organized labor; unions; working class; Civil War; imported contract labor; unemployment; Gilded Age; Foran Act; anti-Chinese movement; abolitionists; N
Subject:
Chinese Exclusion Act
Subject:
Asian americans
Subject:
Chinese immigration
Subject:
Gilded Age
Subject:
Race
Subject:
Racism
Subject:
Reconstruction
Subject:
organized labor
Subject:
unions
Subject:
Working class
Subject:
Civil war
Subject:
imported contract labor
Subject:
Unemployment
Subject:
Foran Act
Subject:
anti-Chinese movement
Subject:
Abolitionists
Subject:
National Labor Union
Subject:
AFL
Subject:
Knights of Labor
Subject:
Republican Party
Subject:
Democratic party
Subject:
Greenback-Labor party
Subject:
Workingmen s Party of California
Subject:
China
Subject:
Burlingame Treaty
Subject:
Angell Treaty
Subject:
Knights of St. Crispin
Subject:
Immigrants
Subject:
coolies
Subject:
presidential election of 1876
Subject:
presidential election of 1880
Subject:
California
Subject:
San francisco
Subject:
U. S. China relations
Subject:
Civil Rights Act
Subject:
James Blaine
Subject:
Rutherford B. Hayes
Subject:
Chester Arthur
Subject:
Denis Kearney
Subject:
Wendell Phillips
Subject:
Samuel Gompers
Subject:
Adolph Strasser
Subject:
James Garfield
Subject:
Alexander Saxton
Subject:
David Roediger
Subject:
American history
Subject:
US History-19th Century
Copyright:
Publication Date:
November 1998
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
368
Dimensions:
9.25 x 6.13 in
Age Level:
Gilded Age

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » Chinese American
History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » General
History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » Immigration
History and Social Science » Law » General
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » Politics » United States » Politics
History and Social Science » US History » 19th Century

Closing the Gate: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion ACT Used Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$8.50 In Stock
Product details 368 pages University of North Carolina Press - English 9780807847398 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , The most detailed account available of Chinese exclusion as a national issue.

Journal of Interdisciplinary History A fine book, well argued, well documented, and well written.

Pacific Northwest Quarterly Gyory manages to provide an informative new study by combining extensive research with engaging prose.

Choice One of the most noteworthy contributions in U.S. political history in years.

Leon Fink, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gyory's work is the first fresh, original interpretation of the origins of Chinese exclusion in quite some time.

Lucy E. Salyer, University of New Hampshire

"Synopsis" by , Analyzes the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 from a national perspective. By playing the race card, national politicians—not California, not organized labor, and not a general racist atmosphere—were responsible for this law.
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