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Discipline in the Secondary Classroomby Randall S. Sprick
Synopses & Reviews
This practical resource gives teachers techniques for dealing immediately with classroom behavior problems and developing more effective discipline policies and procedures over time. Included are dozens of useful management forms, letters, and record sheets, plus a quick and easy guide to solving 42 specific misbehaviors.
Improving discipline procedures
The first nine chapters provide step-by-step procedures for setting up classroom management system to teach even the most disruptive students to become more self-disciplined and cooperative. Here's just an overview of each chapter:
Beginning a New Semester gives you a seven-step planning process to help clarity your expectations for students and develop a clear, consistent discipline procedure right from the start...including a Student Information Form for students to work on when they first enter the classroom.
Effective Grading Systems describes the features o fan effective system and details procedures for designing one of your own...including a Weekly Record Sheet for recording performance each day and a chart showing Point Values and Criteria for Specific Performance Points.
Teacher-Student Interactions provides ways to evaluate and modify the interactions you are having with students...including a helpful Monitoring Form.
Goal Setting give you strategies for working with students to pinpoint specific goals and responsibilities to be achieved...including Goal-Setting Forms for students with specific behavior problems.
Class-wide Motivational Systems illustrates three reinforcement systems that help improve the behavior and motivation of all students and give you steps for implementing such a system in your own classroom...including a filled-in sample Weekly Record Sheet showing behavior needing improvement.
The High-risk students gives you steps for designing an individualized motivational system for a problem student...including a Daily Report Card and Behavioral Contract.
Punishment consequences exposes some common misconceptions about punishment and provides guidelines for using consequences effectively to reduce misbehavior.
Classroom consequences offers a variety of consequences and procedures you can use as alternatives to sending students to the office...including a Behavioral Improvement Form for cases when a verbal reprimand is not sufficient.
School-Wide Discipline Policies outlines features of a comprehensive school discipline policy...including an Office Referral Form, a Student Referral Record, and a Record of Teacher Referrals
Troubleshooting specific problems.
And the final section of this unique "survival guide" provides techniques for dealing with 42 commonly encountered problems in the secondary classroom...including a description of each problem, contributing factors, and problem solving steps.
Here you'll find ready-to-use plans for responding effectively to problems such as:
For the secondary teacher, here is a remarkable new "survival guide" for solving all kinds of individual and group behavior problems in the 7-12 classroom, including procedures to help motivate even those students lacking the maturity or interest to appreciate the benefits of education or the joys of learning!
Organized into four sections for easy use, it provides both immediate steps for handling specific misbehaviors when they occur, and proven techniques for resolving long-practiced problems by gradually improving discipline policies and procedures.
Section I, Preparation and organization, shows how to implement a management plan that teachers students the behaviors needed to be successful in your classroom, and how to design a grading system that will actually serve as a motivational tool. Two features in this section, for example, are tips on conducting the first ten minutes of class and a five-step process for teaching students how to behave.
Section II, Self-Discipline and motivation, shows how to increase student responsibility and self-discipline by evaluating your interactions in the classroom and using goal-setting procedures to get students more concerned about their own behavior. Included, for example, are two reproducible forms for setting goals with student or class and three class-wide reinforcement systems for solving specific problems.
Section III, Consequences and misbehavior, shows how to use consequences for inappropriate behavior effectively in the classroom, and how to develop effective alternatives to sending students to the office. For example, this section includes guidelines for selecting consequences when misbehavior continues, plus specific recommendations for a comprehensive school-wide discipline policy.
Section IV, Troubleshooting specific problems, show how to respond effectively to 42 commonly encountered problems in the secondary classroom, from swearing, cheating, and fighting, to turning in sloppy work and failing to complete homework assignments. This section give you specific solutions for alleviating each problem as it arises, while working to motivate the "turned off" student and create a more productive classroom environment.
Proven solutions to 42 common school behavior problems and practical techniques for motivating and managing teens, including how to control talking back or swearing...incomplete assignments...fighting...cheating... smoking or drug use...violence or property destruction...failure to follow directions...and more.
About the Author
Randall Sprickhas an undergraduate degree in general education, a master’s degree in special education, and a doctorate in curriculum and supervision.He has taught students with emotional and behavioral problems and trained and supervised teachers at elementary and secondary levels.He has taught postgraduate courses on behavior management and behavioral consultation at the University of Oregon.
Dr. Sprick has written numerous articles and books, as well as developed audio and videoin-service programs addressing topics such as classroom management, schoolwide discipline policies, playground discipline, and bus behavior.
Dr. Sprick is director of Safe & Civil Schools, which provides in-service programs throughout the country. Each year, he and his training staff conduct workshops and classes for more than thirty thousand teachers.His positive and practical approach is helping schools increase safety, reduce classroom disruption, and improve school climate.
Table of Contents
How to Use This Book.
Foreword by Donald D. Deshler.
Chapter 1: Vision: Understand Key Concepts About Managing Student Behavior.
Task 1: Understand the Basic Principles of Behavior Modification and Your Role in That Process.
Task 2: Understand Motivation and the Variables That Can Be Manipulated to Increase It.
Task 3: Understand the Importance of Maintaining High Expectations for Students’ Academic and Behavioral Performance.
Task 4: Understand the Importance of Building Personal Relationships with Students.
Task 5: Develop and Implement Guidelines for Success.
Task 6: Adjust the Structure of Your Management Plan Based on the Needs of Your Students.
Chapter 2: Grading: Design Instruction and Evaluation Systems.
Task 1: Develop Clear Goals for Each Class You Teach.
Task 2: Design Instruction and Evaluation Procedures That Create a Clear Relationship Between Student Effort and Success.
Task 3: Establish a System to Provide Students Feedback on Behavior and Effort. Incorporate This into Your Grading System.
Task 4: Design Procedures for Students to Receive Feedback on Each Aspect of Their Behavioral and Academic Performance and to Know Their Current Grades.
Chapter 3: Organization: Prepare Routines and Procedures.
Task 1: Arrange the Schedule of Activities for Each Class Period So It Maximizes Instructional Time and Responsible Behavior.
Task 2: Arrange the Physical Space in Your Classroom So That It Promotes Positive Student-Teacher Interactions and Reduces Disruption.
Task 3: Decide on a Signal You Can Use to Immediately Quiet Your Students and Gain Their Full Attention.
Task 4: Design Efficient, Effective Procedures for Beginning and Ending the Class Period.
Task 5: Design Effective, Efficient Procedures for Assigning, Monitoring, and Collecting Student Work.
Chapter 4: Expectations: Plan to Teach Students How to Be Successful.
Task 1: Define Clear and Consistent Behavioral Expectations for All Regularly Scheduled Classroom Activities.
Task 2: Define Clear and Consistent Behavioral Expectations for the Common Transitions, Both Within and Between Activities, That Occur During a Typical School Day.
Task 3: Develop a Preliminary Plan and Prepare Lessons for Teaching Your Expectations to Students.
Chapter 5: Rules and Consequences: Plan to Respond Consistently to Student Misbehavior.
Task 1: Identify and Post Three to Six Classroom Rules That Will Be Used as a Basis for Providing Positive and Corrective Feedback.
Task 2: Develop a Plan for Correcting Early-Stage Misbehaviors.
Task 3: Develop Consequences for Committing Rule Violations.
Chapter 6: Motivation: Enhance Students’ Desire to Succeed.
Task 1: Present the Desired Tasks to Your Students in a Manner That Will Generate Their Enthusiasm.
Task 2: Implement Effective Instruction Practices.
Task 3: Use Every Possible Opportunity to Provide Each Student with Noncontingent Attention.
Task 4: Give Students Positive Feedback on Their Successes in a Variety of Ways.
Task 5: Plan to Interact at Least Three Times More Often with StudentsWhen They Are Behaving Appropriately Than When They Are Misbehaving.
Chapter 7: Preparation and Launch: Pull It All Together for the First Day.
Task 1: Finalize Your Classroom Management Plan, and Prepare to Communicate That Plan to Your Students.
Task 2: Complete Your Preparations for the First Day.
Task 3: Implement Your Plan for the First Day of School.
Chapter 8: Implementation:Monitor and Adjust Your Plan Throughout the Year.
Task 1: Gradually Decrease the Amount of Time Spent Teaching Expectations, Procedures, and Routines.
Task 2:Mark on Your Planning Calendar Particular Times That You Will Reteach Your Expectations.
Task 3: Collect Objective Data About Classroom Behavior, and Adjust Your Management Plan Accordingly.
Chapter 9: Proactive Planning for Chronic Misbehavior.
Task 1: Implement Basic Interventions First,Moving to More Complex Interventions Only When Necessary.
Task 2: Develop an Intervention Plan for Awareness-Type Misbehaviors.
Task 3: Develop an Intervention Plan for Ability-Type Misbehaviors.
Task 4: Develop an Intervention Plan for Attention-Seeking Misbehaviors.
Task 5: Develop an Intervention Plan for Habitual and Purposeful Types of Misbehaviors.
Appendix A: CHAMPs and ACHIEVE versus Daily Reality Rating Scales.
Appendix B: Ratio of Interactions Monitoring Forms.
Appendix C: Misbehavior Recording Sheet.
Appendix D: Grade Book Analysis Worksheet.
Appendix E: On-Task Behavior Observation Sheet.
Appendix F: Opportunities to Respond Observation Sheet.
Appendix G: Student Satisfaction Survey.
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