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1 Burnside Religion Eastern- Shiva and Shivaism

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While the Gods Play: Shaiva Oracles and Predictions on the Cycles of History and the Destiny of Mankind

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While the Gods Play: Shaiva Oracles and Predictions on the Cycles of History and the Destiny of Mankind Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

According to the early writings of the Shaiva tradition--still alive in India and dating back at least 6,000 years--the arbitrary ideologies and moralistic religions of modern society signal the last days of humanity heading toward destruction.

This prediction is only a fragment of the vast knowledge of Shaiva wisdom, author Alain Danielou as assimilated and reviewed essential concepts of the Shaiva philosophy and its predictions. Clearly expressed in the ancient teachings, these concepts are in accord with, yet surpass, the boldest scientific speculations about consciousness, time, the nature of life and matter, and the history and destiny of the human race.

Inherent in this body of knowledge is an understanding of the cycles of creation and destruction which, in conjunction with astronomical phases, determine the life span of the species. Since 1939, humankind has been in the twilight of the Kali Yuga age, or at the end of a cycle. The impending cataclysm, Danielou explains, is brought on by our own errors, and its date will be determined by our present and future actions.

While the Gods Play examines how the visionaries of ancient times defined our rose in creation. It explains why and how we have abandoned this role, and reflects on what action can be taken to consciously and creatively influence our own destiny. Included are chapters on The Religion of Nature and The Religion of the City, The Transmigrant Body, Sexual Rites, the Castes, Sacrifice, Magical Powers, Monastic Orders, and Forestalling the Final Day.

Synopsis:

Examines how visionaries of ancient Shaiva wisdom defined our role in creation, how we have abandoned this role, and action we can take to creatively influence our destiny. The author?spent more than 20 years in India and was one of the most distinguished?orientalists.

About the Author

Alain Danilou (1907-1994) spent 20 years in India studying music and philosophy with eminent scholars of the Hindu traditions. He is the author of more than 30 books on the religion, history, and arts of India and the Mediterranean.

Table of Contents

Note on the Transliteration of Sanskrit Terms

Introduction to the American Edition

PART ONE: THE HUMAN ADVENTURE

1. Origins

The Dravidians, 6 / The Aryans, 9

2. The Religions of the Kali Yuga

Shaivism, 15 / The Return of Arihat, 16 / Gosalii, 17 / Mahavfra, 22 / Gautama Buddha, 23 / The Religion of Nature and the Religion of the City, 24 / The Kali Yuga in the World, 25 / The Shaiva Revival, 27 / Lakulisha, 27 / Mahayana, 29

3. Rediscovered Tradition

The Texts, 31 / Hindu Decadence, 35 / The West, 38 / India Today, 39

PART TWO: SHAIVA PHILOSOPHY

1. The Ways of Knowledge 43

Approaches (Darshana), 43

2. Valsheshika and Nyaya 46

Science and Logic, 46 / The Experimental Method (Vaisheshika), 47 / Logic (Nyaya), 50 / Aphorisms of the Nyaya, 53

3. The Samkhya: The Study of the Macrocosm

The Quest for Constants (Akshara), 57 / The Texts of the Samkhya, 58 / Concepts of the Samkhya, 59 / Nature and Perception, 63 / The Three Tendencies of Prakriti, the Nature of Nature, 65 / The Definables (Tattva): The Twenty-five Constituents of the World, 67 / The Plan (Purusha), 67 / The World-Substance (Prakriti), 68 / Cosmic Intelligence (Mahat), 69 / The Principle of Individuality (Ahamkara), 69 / The Modes of Interaction of Matter (Tanmatra), 71 / The Principles of the Senses (Mahabhuta), 71 / The Powers of Perception and Action (Indriya), 73 / The Living Being, 75

4. The Exploration of Man's Inner Universe

The Being of Flesh and the Being of Knowledge, 78 / The Sexual Body (Linga-Sharira) or Transmittable Body, 79 / The Nature of the Transmigrant Body, 81

5. The Being of Knowledge

Universal Law (Sanatana Dharma) and the Heritage of Knowledge, 84 / The Seers (Rishi), 86 / The Sacred Books, 87

6. Yoga

Yoga: Study of the Microcosm, 89 / Method, 90 / The Structure of Living Beings, 92 / The Five Vital Energies (Prana), 92 / Magic Powers (Siddhi), 94 / Reincarnation, 97 / Transubstantiation, 98 / Liberation (Moksha), 99 / Immortality, 100 / Yoga and Tantrism, 100 / Aryanized Yoga, 101

PART THREE: THE MIMANSA: THE RELIGIOUS, RITUALISTIC, AND MYSTICAL APPROACH

1. The Two Mimansa

The Gods, 109 / Aspects of Maheshvara, 111 / Shiva, Tamas, 112 / Sattva, the Goddess, and Vishnu, 112 /  Rajas, Prajapati-Brahma, 114 / Symbols of the Gods, 114 / The Cult of the Linga, 115 / The Assimilated Gods, 116 / Monotheism, 117

2. The Doctrine of the Pashupata

The Teaching of Lakulisha, 120 / Texts, 121 / Pashupati: Lord of the Animals, 122 / Pati: The Herder, 122 / Pashu: The Animal, 123 / Pasha: The Snare, 123 / The Creative Power of the Sovereign Being (Ishvara-Kartri-Vada), 124 / The Cause (Karana), 124 / The Work (Karya), 125 / Divisibility (Kala), 125 / Method (Vidhi), 126 / Meritorious Deeds (Kriya), 126 / The Temple, 126 / Union (Yoga), 128 / The End of Suffering (Dukhanta), 129

3. Communities and Monastic Orders

Monastic Orders, 130 / The Black Faces (Kalamukha), 132 / The Skull-Bearers (Kapalika), 133 / Practices (Charya), 135 / The Five M's, 136 / Mala and Mutra, 137 / Meat (Mansa) and Sacrifice (Medha), 137 / Human Sacrifice, 138 / Intoxicating Liquors (Madhya), 139 / Drugs, 140 / Sexual Rites (Maithuna), 141 / Love and Death, 142 / The Great Vow (Mahavrata), 144 / Initiation of the Pashupata, 145

4. Preliminary Practices

Advice to a Mleccha, 149

PART FOUR: SOCIAL MAN

1. The Individual and the Species

The Clan (Jati), 158 / Procreation, 161 / The Castes (Varna), 162 / The Lineage (Gotra), 165 / The Popular Framework, 166 / Coexistence, 167 / Woman, 170 / The Family (Kula), 171 / The Servants of the Gods, 172 / The Third Nature (Tritiya Prakriti), 173

2. The Transmission of Knowledge

The Master (Guru), 179 / The Guru's Responsibilities, 180 / The Limits of Knowledge, 181 / The Choice of a Disciple, 182 / The Wanderers of the Path of Knowledge (Brahmachari), 184

PART FIVE: THE THEORY OF CYCLES

1. The Duration of the Universe

The Cycles of the Yuga, 194 / The Flood, 198

2. The Three Cities

The Ages (Yuga), 200 / The Destruction of the Assurs, 201

PART SIX: FORESTALLING THE END

1. Predictions

Precursory Signs, 211 / The End of the World, 216 / Accidental or Induced Destruction (Naimitta Pralaya), 217 / The Disappearance or Natural Death (Prakrita Pralaya) of the World, 219

2. Forestalling the Final Day

The Return to Shaivism, 222

3. Conclusions

APPENDIX I.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780892811151
Author:
Danielou, Alain
Publisher:
Inner Traditions International
Author:
Daniilou, Alain
Author:
Danilou, Alain
Location:
Rochester, Vt. :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Hinduism
Subject:
Saivism
Subject:
Sivaism
Subject:
Hinduism - General
Subject:
Personal Transformation
Subject:
Religion Eastern-Hinduism-General
Subject:
DANIELOU;INNER TRADITIONS OF INDIA
Copyright:
Edition Number:
1st U.S. ed.
Edition Description:
Trade Paperback
Series Volume:
85
Publication Date:
19870831
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
304
Dimensions:
8.56x5.34x.97 in. .76 lbs.

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Related Subjects

Humanities » Philosophy » General
Metaphysics » Tarot and Fortunes
Religion » Comparative Religion » General
Religion » Eastern Religions » Hinduism » General
Religion » Eastern Religions » Shiva and Shivaism

While the Gods Play: Shaiva Oracles and Predictions on the Cycles of History and the Destiny of Mankind Used Trade Paper
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Product details 304 pages Inner Traditions International - English 9780892811151 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Examines how visionaries of ancient Shaiva wisdom defined our role in creation, how we have abandoned this role, and action we can take to creatively influence our destiny. The author?spent more than 20 years in India and was one of the most distinguished?orientalists.
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