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Chemistry for Changing Times (10TH 04 - Old Edition)

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Chemistry for Changing Times (10TH 04 - Old Edition) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

This popular book is a useful and interesting read for the layperson, as it is colorful, conversational in tone, and easily understandable. Knowledge of chemistry leads to better understanding about the hazards and benefits of this world, enabling better personal decision-making. Explores the concept of green chemistry throughout. Extensively revises key subject areas such as Energy, Fitness and Health, and Drugs. Features new color photographs and diagrams throughout to help readers visualize chemical phenomena. Personalizes chemistry for today's reader, encouraging a focus on evaluating information about real-life issues rather than memorizing rigorous theory and mathematics. For anyone interested in learning about chemistry and its effect upon our everyday lives.

Synopsis:

This popular book, now in its 10th edition, is a useful and interesting read for the layperson, as it is colorful, conversational in tone, and easily understandable. Knowledge of chemistry leads to better understanding about the hazards and benefits of this world, enabling better personal decision-making. This comprehensive yet simply written book covers the gamut of chemistry topics, including: drugs, biocides, food additives, fertilizers, fuels, detergents, cosmetics, plastics, toxic wastes, polluted air and water, and dwindling petroleum reserves. By introducing current and timely topics, this book enables the reader to relate chemistry to themselves. For anyone interested in learning about chemistry and its effect upon our everyday lives.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 A Science for All Seasons

1.1 Science and Technology: The Roots of Knowledge

1.2 The Baconian Dream and the Carsonian Nightmare

1.3 Science: Testable, Reproducible, Explanatory, Predictive, and Tentative

1.4 The Limitations of Science

1.5 Science and Technology: Risks and Benefits

1.6 Chemistry: Its Central Role

1.7 Solving Society’s Problems: Scientific Research

1.8 Chemistry: A Study of Matter and Its Changes

1.9 Classification of Matter

1.10 The Measurement of Matter

1.11 Density

1.12 Energy: Heat and Temperature

1.13 Critical Thinking

 

Chapter 2 Atoms: Are They for Real?

2.1 Atoms: The Greek Idea

2.2 Lavoisier: The Law of Conservation of Mass

2.3 Proust: The Law of Definite Proportions

2.4 John Dalton and the Atomic Theory of Matter

2.5 Out of Chaos: The Periodic Table

2.6 Atoms: Real and Relevant

2.7 Leucippus Revisited: Molecules

 

Chapter 3 Atomic Structure: Images of the Invisible

3.1 Electricity and the Atom

3.2 Serendipity in Science: X-Rays and Radioactivity

3.3 Three Types of Radioactivity

3.4 Rutherford’s Experiment: The Nuclear Model of the Atom

3.5 The Nucleus: A Parts List

3.6 Electron Arrangement: The Bohr Model

3.7 Electron Arrangement: The Quantum Model

3.8 Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table

3.9 Which Model to Choose?

 

Chapter 4 Nuclear Chemistry: The Heart of the Matter

4.1 Natural Radioactivity

4.2 Nuclear Equations

4.3 Half-Life

4.4 Radioisotopic Dating

4.5 Artificial Transmutation

4.6 Uses of Radioisotopes

4.7 Nuclear Medicine

4.8 Penetrating Power of Radiation

4.9 Energy from the Nucleus

4.10 The Building of the Bomb

4.11 Radioactive Fallout

4.12 Nuclear Power Plants

4.13 Thermonuclear Reactions

4.14 The Nuclear Age

 

Chapter 5 Chemical Bonds: The Ties That Bind

5.1 The Art of Deduction: Stable Electron Configurations

5.2 Lewis (Electron-Dot) Symbols

5.3 Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: Facts

5.4 Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: The Theory

5.5 Using Lewis Symbols: More Ionic Compounds

5.6 Formulas and Names of Binary Ionic Compounds

5.7 Covalent Bonds: Shared Electron Pairs

5.8 Unequal Sharing: Polar Covalent Bonds

5.9 Polyatomic Molecules: Water, Ammonia, and Methane

5.10 Polyatomic Ions

5.11 Rules for Writing Lewis Formulas

5.12 Odd-Electron Molecules: Free Radicals

5.13 Molecular Shapes: The VSEPR Theory

5.14 Shapes and Properties: Polar and Nonpolar Molecules

 

Chapter 6 Chemical Accounting: Mass and Volume Relationships

6.1 Chemical Sentences: Equations

6.2 Volume Relationships in Chemical Equations

6.3 Avogadro’s Number: 6.02 x 10^23

6.4 The Mole: “A Dozen Eggs and a Mole of Sugar, Please”

6.5 Mole and Mass Relationships in Chemical Equations

6.6 The Gas Laws

6.7 Solutions

 

Chapter 7 Acids and Bases: Please Pass the Protons

7.1 Acids and Bases: Experimental Definitions

7.2 Acids, Bases, and Salts

7.3 Acidic and Basic Anhydrides

7.4 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases

7.5 Neutralization

7.6 The pH Scale

7.7 Acid Rain

7.8 Antacids: A Basic Remedy

7.9 Acids and Bases in Industry and in Us

 

Chapter 8 Oxidation and Reduction: Burn and Unburn

8.1  Oxidation and Reduction: Three Views

8.2 Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

8.3 Electrochemistry: Cells and Batteries

8.4  Corrosion

8.5  Explosive Reactions

8.6  Oxygen: An Abundant and Essential Oxidizing Agent

8.7  Other Common Oxidizing Agents

8.8 Some Reducing Agents of Interest

8.9  A Closer Look at Hydrogen

8.10  Oxidation, Reduction, and Living Things

 

 Chapter 9 Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds

9.1 The Unique Carbon Atom

9.2 Alkanes

9.3 Cyclic Hydrocarbons: Rings and Things

9.4 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkenes and Alkynes

9.5 Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Benzene and Relatives

9.6 Chlorinated Hydrocarbons: Many Uses, Some Hazards

9.7 The Functional Group

9.8 The Alcohol Family

9.9 Phenols

9.10 Ethers

9.11 Aldehydes and Ketones

9.12 Carboxylic Acids

9.13 Esters: The Sweet Smell of RCOOR'

9.14 Amines and Amides

9.15 Heterocyclic Compounds: Alkaloids and Others

 

Chapter 10 Polymers: Giant Among Molecules

10.1 Polymerization: Making Big Ones Out of Little Ones

10.2 Natural Polymers

10.3 Celluloid: Billiard Balls and Collars

10.4 Polyethylene: From the Battle of Britain to Bread Bags

10.5 Addition Polymerization: One + One + One +  Gives One!

10.6 Rubber and Other Elastomers

10.7 Condensation Polymers: Splitting Out Water

10.8 Properties of Polymers

10.9 Disposal of Plastics

10.10 Plastics and Fire Hazards

10.11 Plasticizers and Pollution

10.12 Plastics and the Future

  

Chapter 11 Chemistry of Earth: Metals and Minerals

11.1 Spaceship Earth: The Materials Manifest

11.2 The Lithosphere: Organic and Inorganic

11.3 Meeting Our Needs: From Sticks to Bricks

11.4 Silicates and the Shapes of Things

11.5 Modified Silicates: Ceramics, Glass, and Cement

11.6 Metals and Ores

11.7 Running Out of Everything: Earth’s Dwindling Resources

11.8 Land Pollution: Solid Wastes

11.9 The Three R’s of Garbage: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

11.10 How Crowded Is Our Spaceship?

 

Chapter 12 Air: The Breath of Life

12.1 Earth’s Atmosphere:Divisions and Composition

12.2 Chemistry of the Atmosphere

12.3 Temperature Inversion

12.4 Natural Pollution

12.5 The Air Our Ancestors Breathed

12.6 Pollution Goes Global

12.7 Coal + Fire « Industrial Smog

12.8 Automobile Emissions

12.9 Photochemical Smog: Making Haze While the Sun Shines

12.10 Acid Rain: Air Pollution ® Water Pollution

12.11 The Inside Story: Indoor Air Pollution

12.12 Ozone: The Double-edged Sword

12.13 Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect

 

Chapter 13 Water: River of Life; Seas of Sorrows

13.1 Water: Some Unique Properties

13.2 Water, Water, Everywhere

13.3 The Water Cycle and Natural Contaminants

13.4 Chemical and Biological Contamination

13.5 An Example of Industrial Pollution: Building a Car

13.6 Groundwater Contamination à Tainted Tap Water

13.7 Making Water Fit to Drink

13.8 Water Treatment Plants

13.9 From Wastewater to Drinking Water

13.10 The Newest Soft Drink: Bottled Water

13.11 Alternative Sewage Treatment Systems

13.12 We’re the Solution to Water Pollution

 

Chapter 14 Energy: A Fuels Paradise

14.1 Heavenly Sunlight Flooding Earth with Energy

14.2 Energy and Chemical Reactions

14.3 Energy and the First Law:Energy Is Conserved

14.4 Energy and the Second Law:Things Are Going to Get Worse

14.5 People Power: Early Uses of Energy

14.6 Reserves and Consumption Rates of Fossil Fuels

14.7 Coal: The Carbon Rock of Ages

14.8 Natural Gas: Mostly Methane

14.9 Petroleum: Liquid Hydrocarbons

14.10 Convenient Energy: Electricity

14.11 Nuclear Fission

14.12 Nuclear Fusion: The Sun in a Magnetic Bottle

14.13 Harnessing the Sun: Solar Energy

14.14 Biomass: Photosynthesis for Fuel

14.15 Hydrogen: Light and Powerful

14.16 Other Renewable Energy Sources

14.17 Energy: How Much Is Too Much?

 

Chapter 15 Biochemistry: A Molecular View of Life

15.1 The Cell

15.2 Energy in Biological Systems

15.3 Carbohydrates: A Storehouse of Energy

15.4 Fats and Other Lipids

15.5 Proteins: Polymers of Amino Acids

15.6 The Peptide Bond: Peptides and Proteins

15.7 Structure of Proteins

15.8 Enzymes: Exquisite Precision Machines

15.9 Nucleic Acids: Parts and Structure

15.10 DNA: Self-Replication

15.11 RNA: Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code

15.12 The Human Genome

 

Chapter 16 Food: Molecular Gastronomy

16.1 Carbohydrates in the Diet

16.2 Fats and Cholesterol

16.3 Proteins: Muscle and Much More

16.4 Minerals: Inorganic Chemicals and Life

16.5 The Vitamins: Vital, but Not All Are Amines

16.6 Other Essentials: Fiber and Water

16.7 Starvation and Fasting

16.8 Additives to Enhance Our Food

16.9 Poisons in Our Food

16.10 A World Without Food Additives

16.11 Green Plants: Sun-Powered Food-Making Machines

16.12 Farming with Chemicals: Fertilizers

16.13 The War Against Pests

16.14 Biological Insect Controls

16.15 Herbicides and Defoliants

16.16 Sustainable Agriculture

16.17 Some Malthusian Mathematics

16.18 Can We Feed a Hungry World?

 

Chapter 17 Household Chemicals: Helps and Hazards

17.1 A History of Cleaning

17.2 Fat + Lye ® Soap

17.3 Synthetic Detergents

17.4 Laundry Detergent Formulations

17.5 Dishwashing Detergents

17.6 Fabric Softeners: Quaternary Ammonium Salts

17.7  Laundry Bleaches: Whiter Whites

17.8  All-Purpose Cleaning Products

17.9 Special-Purpose Cleaners

17.10 Organic Solvents in the Home

17.11 Paints

17.12 Waxes

17.13 Cosmetics: Personal Care Chemicals

17.14 Toothpaste: Soap with Grit and Flavor

 

Chapter 18 Fitness and Health: Some Chemical Connections

18.1 Calories: Quantity and Quality

18.2 Vitamins and Minerals

18.3 Body Fluids and Electrolytes

18.4 Weight-Loss Diets

18.5 Exercise for Weight Loss

18.6 Measuring Fitness

18.7 Some Chemistry of Muscles

18.8 Drugs and the Athlete

18.9 Exercise and the Brain

18.10 No Smoking

 

Chapter 19 Drugs: Chemical Cures, Comforts and Cautions

19.1 Scientific Drug Design

19.2 Pain Relievers: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS)

19.3 Chemistry, Allergies, and the Common Cold

19.4 Antibacterial Drugs

19.5 Viruses and Antiviral Drugs

19.6 Chemicals Against Cancer

19.7 Hormones: The Regulators

19.8 Chemistry and Social Revolution: The Pill

19.9 Drugs for the Heart

19.10 Drugs and the Mind

19.11 Some Chemistry of the Nervous System

19.12 Brain Amines: Depression and Mania

19.13 Anesthetics

19.14 Depressant Drugs

19.15 Narcotics

19.16 Antianxiety Agents

19.17 Stimulant Drugs

19.18 Psychedelic Drugs

19.19 Drug Problems

19.20 The Placebo Effect

19.21 New Uses for Old Drugs

 

Chapter 20 Poisons: Chemical Toxicology

20.1 Natural Poisons

20.2 Corrosive Poisons: A Closer Look

20.3 Poisons Affecting Oxygen Transport and Oxidative Processes

20.4 Make Your Own Poison: Fluoroacetic Acid

20.5 Heavy Metal Poisons

20.6 More Chemistry of the Nervous System

20.7 The Lethal Dose

20.8 Your Liver As a Detox Facility

20.9 Chemical Carcinogens: Slow Poisons

20.10 Three Ways to Test for Carcinogens

20.11 Birth Defects: Teratogens

20.12 Hazardous Wastes

20.13 What Price Poisons?

 

Appendix A: A Review of Measurements and Mathematics.

The International System of Measurement

Exponential (Scientific) Notation

Unit Conversions

Precision, Accuracy, and Significant Figures

Calculations Involving Temperature and Heat

 

Appendix B: Glossary.

 

Appendix C: Answers.

 

Index.

Product Details

ISBN:
9780131402461
Author:
Hill, John
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Author:
Hill, John William
Author:
Kolb, Doris K.
Author:
Hill, John W.
Location:
Upper Saddle River, NJ
Subject:
Chemistry - General
Subject:
Chemistry
Copyright:
Edition Number:
10
Edition Description:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Series Volume:
85
Publication Date:
20060705
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
744
Dimensions:
10.28x8.22x1.10 in. 3.40 lbs.

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Chemistry for Changing Times (10TH 04 - Old Edition) Used Hardcover
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Product details 744 pages Prentice Hall - English 9780131402461 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , This popular book, now in its 10th edition, is a useful and interesting read for the layperson, as it is colorful, conversational in tone, and easily understandable. Knowledge of chemistry leads to better understanding about the hazards and benefits of this world, enabling better personal decision-making. This comprehensive yet simply written book covers the gamut of chemistry topics, including: drugs, biocides, food additives, fertilizers, fuels, detergents, cosmetics, plastics, toxic wastes, polluted air and water, and dwindling petroleum reserves. By introducing current and timely topics, this book enables the reader to relate chemistry to themselves. For anyone interested in learning about chemistry and its effect upon our everyday lives.
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