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Bridge To Humanity : How Affect Hunger Trumps the Selfish Gene (06 Edition)

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Publisher Comments:

The Bridge to Humanity: How Affect Hunger Trumps the Selfish Gene explores the relationship of biology and culture in the evolution of human behavior. Building upon several of the theoretical issues he first addressed in Man's Way, renowned anthropologist Walter Goldschmidt presents a unique look at how human culture functions through biological mechanisms that have evolved from our distant past.

"Affect hunger"--the need for affective expressions from others--underlies nurturance and mutuality. Goldschmidt contends that affect hunger--in combination with other factors unique to the human species--in effect "trumps" the selfish gene and is therefore the essential missing key to understanding human behavior. Employing discussions of primate behavior, ethnographies, cognitive studies, psychological research, and hormonal and neurological studies, he demonstrates how affect hunger not only provides a reward system for learning language and other cultural information, but also remains a motive for social behavior throughout life. Transforming the debate on nature versus culture to one on nature and culture, The Bridge to Humanity provides a fresh perspective on the ways that biology and culture fit together. Indeed, in this book Goldschmidt reinterprets anthropological knowledge, profoundly affecting all students concerned with human behavior and reaching far beyond the discipline's borders.

Synopsis:

In The Evolution from Biology to Culture: How Affect Hunger Trumped the Selfish Gene, renowned scholar Walter Goldschmidt demonstrates that culture operates by means of biological mechanisms that came into being by an evolutionary process. Central to the book's main focus is the recognition of the separate evolutionary origin of what we call love: sexual and nurturant. These ancient heritages demand very different forms of behavior; one essentially competitive and the other concerned with mutuality. Underlying nurturance is the phenomenon of "affect hunger," an urge to seek the affection that is needed for the proper development of the neurological system in humans and other social mammals. Goldschmidt analyzes how affect hunger not only provides a reward system for learning language and other cultural information, but also remains a motive for social behavior throughout life.

Synopsis:

Transforming the debate on nature versus culture to nature and culture, renowned anthropologist Walter Goldschmidt presents a fresh look at how human biology and culture fit together.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Nature and Nurture

The Confrontation and Its Background

Public Interest in the Issue

Toward a Resolution of the Conflict

Chapter 2. Heritage from the Distant Past

The Issue of the "Selfish Gene"

Fundamental Elements for Humanity

Learning

Our Ancient Heritage

Chapter 3. Tools for the Transition

The Evolutionary Gamble

The Relevance of Human Speech to Tool-Making

On the Origin of Language

Language and the Brain

The Emotions

Ritual

Psychological Miscellany

Chapter 4. Affect Hunger

Definition

The Ethology of Infancy

The Chemistry of Affect Hunger

The Brain and Affect Hunger

Affect Hunger and the Social Order

Chapter 5. Revolution in the Nursery

Summary of Our Heritage

The Nature of the Revolution

"Intrinsic" Indoctrination of Personality

An Unanticipated Experiment

Affect and Adulthood

Chapter 6. Culture

Definition of Culture

Language as Communication of Cultural Understanding

Ritual as Communication of Cultural Sentiment

Careers

Reinforcement

Cultural Adaptability

Summary

Chapter 7. Cultural Evolution

The Nature of Cultural Evolution

The Search for Eden

Ecological Adaptations

Belonging and the Self: Kinship

Clans

Urban Transformations

Possessions and the Self

Arête

Affect Deprivation

Chapter 8. Body and Soul

The Ontology of Reality

Body

Soul

The Soul and Culture

Chapter 9. A View of the Bridge

Duality

Affect Hunger

Love

Language

Fabrication

Communicating Feeling

Cultural Worlds

The Symbolic Self

Affect Hunger and Cultural Evolution

Self and Other

One Final Thought

Coda

References Cited

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780195179668
Author:
Goldschmidt, Walter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Author:
null, Walter
Author:
Goldschmidt, Walter Rochs
Subject:
Physiological Psychology
Subject:
Anthropology - Physical
Subject:
Physical anthropology
Subject:
Life Sciences - Evolution - Human
Subject:
Evolutionary psychology
Subject:
Anthropology | Biological
Subject:
Anthropology | Biological and Physical Anthropology
Subject:
Anthropology | Biological & Physical Anthropology
Series Volume:
Volume 8: 1997
Publication Date:
20050731
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
, 29 halftones
Pages:
176
Dimensions:
8.26x6.12x.46 in. .46 lbs.

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Science and Mathematics » Biology » Evolution

Bridge To Humanity : How Affect Hunger Trumps the Selfish Gene (06 Edition) Used Trade Paper
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Product details 176 pages Oxford University Press - English 9780195179668 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , In The Evolution from Biology to Culture: How Affect Hunger Trumped the Selfish Gene, renowned scholar Walter Goldschmidt demonstrates that culture operates by means of biological mechanisms that came into being by an evolutionary process. Central to the book's main focus is the recognition of the separate evolutionary origin of what we call love: sexual and nurturant. These ancient heritages demand very different forms of behavior; one essentially competitive and the other concerned with mutuality. Underlying nurturance is the phenomenon of "affect hunger," an urge to seek the affection that is needed for the proper development of the neurological system in humans and other social mammals. Goldschmidt analyzes how affect hunger not only provides a reward system for learning language and other cultural information, but also remains a motive for social behavior throughout life.

"Synopsis" by , Transforming the debate on nature versus culture to nature and culture, renowned anthropologist Walter Goldschmidt presents a fresh look at how human biology and culture fit together.
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