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Ways of the World: A Brief Global History, Volume I

Ways of the World: A Brief Global History, Volume I Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Ways of the World offers a genuine alternative for world history survey courses. Designed from the beginning as a brief text, Ways of the World focuses on the "big picture" of significant historical developments and is thoroughly global in its thematic and comparative approach. The accessible voice of a single author, with long experience in the classroom and in the world history movement, delivers to students an insightful new synthesis, thought provoking questions, and chapter ending sections that invite reflection on the meaning of world history. Available in full color and in combined and split volumes, Ways of the World just might be the book youve been waiting for.

About the Author

ROBERT W. STRAYER comes to the writing of this text with wide experience in the world history enterprise. With a Ph.D. in European and African history from the University of Wisconsin, he has taught world history at many levels, beginning with a two-year stint in high school history instruction in Ethiopia with the Peace Corps. Most of his academic career was spent at SUNY College at Brockport, where he taught world history as well as African and Soviet history for three decades and received both the Chancellors Award for Excellence in Teaching and a similar award for Excellence in Scholarship. In 1998, he was a visiting professor of world history at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. Since moving to California in 2002, he has taught world history at the University of California, Santa Cruz; California State University, Monterey Bay; and Cabrillo College. World history has been the primary intellectual focus of his career, during which he has served as a teacher, scholar, textbook author, consultant, and member of the Executive Committee of the World History Association.

Among his publications are works in African history, including Kenya: Focus on Nationalism (1975) and The Making of Mission Communities in East Africa (1978). More recently, he developed a specialty in Soviet history and wrote Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse? (1998) and The Communist Experiment (2007), comparing the experience of the Soviet Union with that of China. He was the senior author of an earlier world history textbook, The Making of the Modern World (1988; 1995), and has co-edited McGraw-Hills Explorations in World History series. He has also published in a number of specialized journals, such as the Journal of World History.

Table of Contents

 
VOLUME 1: To 1500
Preface
Prologue: From Cosmic History to Human History
      The History of the Universe

            Snapshot: A History of the Universe as a Cosmic Calendar

      The History of a Planet
      The History of the Human Species…in a Single Paragraph:
        A Preview
      Why World History?
      Comparison, Connection, and Change: The Three Cs of
        World History

PART ONE:
FIRST THINGS FIRST: BEGINNINGS IN HISTORY, to 500 B.C.E.
      The Big Picture: Turning Points in Early World History
            The Emergence of Humankind
            The Globalization of Humankind
            The Revolution of Farming
            The Turning Point of Civilization
                  Landmarks of Early World History, to 500 B.C.E.

Chapter 1 First Peoples: Populating the Planet, to 10,000 B.C.E.
      Out of Africa to the Ends of the Earth: First Migrations
                  Snapshot: The Long Road to the Global Presence
                    of Humankind
            Into Eurasia
            Into Australia
            Into the Americas
            Into the Pacific
      The Ways We Were
            The First Human Societies
            Economy and the Environment
            The Realm of the Spirit
                  Snapshot: The Paleolithic Era in Perspective
            Settling Down: "The Great Transition"
      Comparing Paleolithic Societies
            The San of Southern Africa
            The Chumash of Southern California
      Reflections: The Uses of the Paleolithic
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 2 First Farmers: The Revolutions of Agriculture,
  ca. 10,000 B.C.E. - 3000 B.C.E.
      The Agricultural Revolution in World History
      Comparing Agricultural Beginnings
            Common Patterns
                  Snapshot: Agricultural Breakthroughs
            Variations
      The Globalization of Agriculture
                  Snapshot: The History of Maize/Corn
            Triumph and Resistance
            The Culture of Agriculture
      Social Variation in the Age of Agriculture
            Pastoral Societies
            Agricultural Village Societies
            Chiefdoms
      Reflections: The Legacies of Agriculture
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 3 First Civilizations: Cities, States, and
  Unequal Societies, 3500 B.C.E. - 500 B.C.E.
      Something New: The Emergence of Civilizations
            Introducing the First Civilizations
            The Question of Origins
            An Urban Revolution
      The Erosion of Equality
            Hierarchies of Class
            Hierarchies of Gender
            Patriarchy in Practice
      The Rise of the State
            Coercion and Consent
                  Snapshot: Writing in Ancient Civilizations
            Writing and Accounting
            The Grandeur of Kings
      Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in Mesopotamian History
            Environment and Culture
            Cities and States
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in Nile Valley Civilizations
            Interaction and Exchange
      Reflections: "Civilization:" Whats in a Word?
      
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study
 
 
PART TWO:
THE CLASSICAL ERA IN WORLD HISTORY,
  500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.
      The Big Picture: The Globalization of Civilization
            Continuities in Civilization
            Changes in Civilization
                  Snapshot: World Population During the Age of
                    Agricultural Civilization
            Classical Civilizations
            Landmarks of the Classical Era, 500 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.

Chapter 4 Eurasian Empires, 500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.
      Empires and Civilizations in Collision: The Persians and
        the Greeks
            The Persian Empire
            The Greeks
                  Snapshot: Key Political Moments in Greek Civilization
            Collision: The Greco-Persian Wars
            Collision: Alexander and the Hellenistic Era
      Comparing Empires: Roman and Chinese
            Rome: From City-State to Empire
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in the History of the
                    Roman Empire
            China: From Warring States to Empire
            Consolidating the Roman and Chinese Empires
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in Early Chinese History
            The Collapse of Empires
      Intermittent Empire: The Case of India
      Reflections: Classical Empires and the Twentieth Century
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 5 Eurasian Cultural Traditions, 500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.
       China and the Search for Order
                  Snapshot: Thinkers and Philosophies of the
                    Classical Era
            The Legalist Answer
            The Confucian Answer
            The Daoist Answer
      Cultural Traditions of Classical India
            South Asian Religion: From Ritual Sacrifice to
              Philosophical Speculation
            The Buddhist Challenge
            Hinduism as a Religion of Duty and Devotion
      Moving Toward Monotheism: The Search for God in the
        Middle East
            Zoroastrianism
            Judaism
      The Cultural Tradition of Classical Greece: The Search for
        a Rational Order
            The Greek Way of Knowing
            The Greek Legacy
                  Snapshot: Reflections on Human Love from
                    Mediterranean Civilization
      Comparing Jesus and the Buddha
            The Lives of the Founders
            Establishing New Religions
            Creating Institutions
      Reflections: Religion and Historians
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 6 Eurasian Social Hierarchies, 500 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.
      Society and the State in Classical China
            An Elite of Officials
            The Landlord Class
            Peasants
            Merchants
      Class and Caste in India
            Caste as Varna
                  Snapshot: Social Life and Duty in Classical India
            Caste as Jati
            The Functions of Caste
      Slavery in the Classical Era: The Case of the Roman Empire
            Slavery and Civilization
                  Snapshot: Comparing Greco-Roman and
                    American Slavery
            The Making of a Slave Society
            Resistance and Rebellion
      Comparing Patriarchies of the Classical Era
            A Changing Patriarchy: The Case of China
            Contrasting Patriarchies in Athens and Sparta
      Reflections: Arguing with Solomon and Buddha
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 7 Classical Era Variations: Africa and the Americas,
  500 B.C.E. - 1200 C.E.
                  Snapshot: Continental Population in the Classical Era
      The African Northeast
            Meroe: Continuing a Nile Valley Civilization
            Axum: The Making of a Christian Kingdom
      Along the Niger River: Cities Without States
      South of the Equator: The World of Bantu Africa
            Cultural Encounters
            Society and Religion
      Civilizations of Mesoamerica
            The Maya: Writing and Warfare
            Teotihuacan: The Americas Greatest City
      Civilizations of the Andes
            Chavin: A Pan-Andean Religious Movement
            Moche: A Regional Andean Civilization
      North America in the Classical Era: From Chaco to Cahokia
            Pit Houses and Great Houses: The Ancestral Pueblo
            The Mound Builders of the Eastern Woodlands
      Reflections: Deciding Whats Important: Balance in
        World History
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study
 
 
PART THREE:
AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS, 500 - 1500
      The Big Picture: Defining a Millennium
            Third Wave Civilizations: Something New, Something Old,
              Something Blended
            The Ties that Bind: Trans-Regional Interaction in the
              Post-Classical Era
            Landmarks in the Era of Accelerating Connections,
              500 to 1500

Chapter 8 Commerce and Culture, 500-1500
      Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia
            The Growth of the Silk Roads
            Goods in Transit
                  Snapshot: Economic Exchange Along the Silk Road
            Cultures in Transit
            Disease in Transit
      Sea Roads: Exchange across the Indian Ocean
            Weaving the Web of an Indian Ocean World
                  Snapshot: Economic Exchange in the Indian
                    Ocean Basin
            Sea Roads as a Catalyst for Change: Southeast Asia
              and Srivijaya
            Sea Roads as a Catalyst for Change: East Africa and
              Swahili Civilization
      Sand Roads: Exchange across the Sahara Desert
            Commercial Beginnings in West Africa
            Gold, Salt, and Slaves: Trade and Empire in West Africa
      An American Network: Commerce and Connection in the
        Western Hemisphere
      Reflections: Economic Globalization — Ancient and Modern
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 9 East Asian Connections: China and the World,
  500-1300 C.E.
     The Re-Emergence of a Unified China
            A "Golden Age" of Chinese Achievement
            Women in the Song Dynasty
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in the History of
                    Post-Classical China
      China and the Northern Nomads: A Chinese World Order
        in the Making
            The Tribute System in Theory
            The Tribute System in Practice
            Cultural Influence Across an Ecological Frontier
      Coping with China: Comparing Korea, Vietnam, and Japan
            Korea and China
            Vietnam and China
            Japan and China
      China and the Eurasian World Economy
            Spillovers: Chinas Impact on Eurasia
            On the Receiving End: China as Economic Beneficiary
      China and Buddhism
            Making Buddhism Chinese
            Losing State Support: The Crisis of Chinese Buddhism
      Reflections: Why Do Things Change?
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 10 The Worlds of European Christendom: Connected
  and Divided, 500-1300
      Eastern Christendom: Building on the Past
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in Byzantine History
            The Byzantine State
            The Byzantine Church and Christian Divergence
            Byzantium and the World
            The Conversion of Russia
      Western Christendom: Constructing a Hybrid Civilization
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in the Evolution of
                    Western Civilization
            In the Wake of Roman Collapse: Political Life in
              Western Europe, 500-1000
            In the Wake of Roman Collapse: Society and the
              Church, 500-1000
            Accelerating Change in the West, 1000-1300
            Europe Outward Bound: The Crusading Tradition
      The West in Comparative Perspective
            Catching-Up
            Pluralism in Politics
            Reason and Faith
      Reflections: Remembering and Forgetting: Continuity and
        Surprise in the Worlds of Christendom
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 11 Afro-Eurasian Connections: The Worlds of Islam,
  600-1500
      The Birth of a New Religion
            The Homeland of Islam
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in the Early History of Islam
            The Messenger and the Message
            The Transformation of Arabia
      The Making of an Arab Empire
            War and Conquest
            Conversion to Islam
            Divisions in the Islamic World
            Women and Men in Early Islam
      Islam and Cultural Encounter: A Four-Way Comparison
            The Case of India
            The Case of Anatolia
            The Case of West Africa
            The Case of Spain
      The World of Islam as a New Civilization
            Networks of Faith
            Networks of Exchange
                  Snapshot: Key Achievements in Islamic Science
                    and Scholarship
     Reflections: A Tale of Two Travelers
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 12 Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol
  Moment, 1200-1500
      Looking Back and Looking Around: The Long History of
        Pastoral Nomads
                   Snapshot: Varieties of Pastoral Societies
            The World of Pastoral Societies
            The Xiongnu: An Early Nomadic Empire
            The Arabs and Turks
            The Maasai of East Africa
      Break-Out: The Mongol Empire
                  Snapshot: Key Events of the Mongol Era
            From Temujin to Chinggis Khan: The Rise of the
              Mongol Empire
            Explaining the Mongol Moment
      Encountering the Mongols: Comparing Three Cases
            China and the Mongols
            Persia and the Mongols
            Russia and the Mongols
      The Mongol Empire as a Eurasian Network
            Toward a World Economy
            Diplomacy on a Eurasian Scale
            Cultural Exchange in the Mongol Realm
            The Plague: A Eurasian Pandemic
      Reflections: Changing Images of Nomadic Peoples
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 13 The Worlds of the Fifteenth Century
                  Snapshot: Around the World in the Fifteenth Century
      The Shapes of Human Communities
            Paleolithic Persistence
            Agricultural Village Societies
            Herding Peoples
      Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: Comparing
        China and Europe
            Ming Dynasty China
            European Comparisons: State-Building and
              Cultural Renewal
            European Comparisons: Maritime Voyaging
                  Snapshot: Key Moments in European Oceanic Voyaging
      Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The Islamic World
            In the Islamic Heartland: The Ottoman and Safavid Empires
            On the Frontiers of Islam: The Songhay and
              Mughal Empires
      Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The "Americas"
            The Aztec Empire
            The Inca Empire
      Webs of Connection
      A Preview of Coming Attractions: Looking Ahead to the Modern
        Era, 1500-2000
                  Snapshot: World Population Growth, 1000-2000
      Reflections: What If? Chance and Contingency in
        World History
 
      Second Thoughts
            What's the Significance?
            Big Picture Questions
            Next Steps: For Further Study

Notes
Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780312452889
Subtitle:
A Brief Global History
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Author:
Strayer, Robert
Author:
Strayer, Robert W.
Subject:
General History
Subject:
General
Subject:
World - General
Subject:
World history
Subject:
World History-General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Publication Date:
20080903
Binding:
Paperback
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
480
Dimensions:
9.13 x 7.38 in

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