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The American Promise: A History of the United States, Volume I: To 1877by James L Roark
Synopses & Reviews
The American Promise is more teachable and memorable than any other U.S. survey text. The balanced narrative braids together political and social history so that students can discern overarching trends as well as individual stories. The voices of hundreds of Americans — from Presidents to pipefitters, and sharecroppers to suffragettes — animate the past and make concepts memorable.
The past comes alive for students through dynamic special features and a stunning and distinctive visual program. Over 775 contemporaneous illustrations — more than any competing text — draw students into the text, and more than 180 full-color maps increase students geographic literacy. A rich array of special features complements the narrative, offering more points of departure for assignments and discussion. Longstanding favorites include Documenting the American Promise, Historical Questions, The Promise of Technology, and Beyond Americas Borders, representing a key part of our effort to increase attention paid to the global context of American history.
About the Author
JAMES L. ROARK (Ph.D., Stanford University) is the Samuel Chandler Dobbs Professor of History at Emory University. He has written or edited four books, including, with Michael P. Johnson, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old
MICHAEL P. JOHNSON (Ph.D., Stanford University) is a professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University. He has written or edited six books, including No Chariot Let Down: Charlestons Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984) and Reading the American Past.
PATRICIA CLINE COHEN (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of California at Santa Barbara. She has written three books including The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998).
SARAH STAGE (Ph.D., Yale University) is professor of womens studies at Arizona State University West. She has written three books, including Rethinking Women and Home Economics in the Twentieth Century (1997).
ALAN LAWSON (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is professor of history at Boston College. He has written or edited three books, including From Revolution to Republic (1976).
SUSAN M. HARTMANN (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is professor of history at The Ohio State University. She has written five books, including The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishments (1998).
Table of Contents
N.B. — Each chapter ends with a selected Bibliography and Reviewing the Chapter sections.
1. Ancient America: Before 1492
OPENING VIGNETTE: Archaeological discovery proves that humans have inhabited America for more than 10,000 years
Archaeology and History
The First Americans
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: Natures Immigrants
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Who Were the First Americans?
Archaic Hunters and Gatherers
Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms
Native Americans in the 1490s
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Ancient American Weaving
The Mexica: A Meso-American Culture
Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans
2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492-1600
OPENING VIGNETTE: Queen Isabella of Spain supports Christopher Columbus risky plan to sail west across the Atlantic
Europe in the Age of Exploration
A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic
Spanish Exploration and Conquest
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Did Cortes Win?
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Justifying Conquest
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Spreading Christianity in New Spain
The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe
Conclusion: The Promise of the New World for Europeans
3. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700
OPENING VIGNETTE: Pocahontas "rescues" John Smith
An English Colony on the Chesapeake
A Tobacco Society
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: American Tobacco and European Consumers
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Virginia Laws Governing Servants and Slaves
The Evolution of Chesapeake Society
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Did English Colonists Consider Themselves Superior to Indians and Africans?
Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland
Toward a Slave Labor System
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Migration to the New World from Europe and Africa, 1492-1700
Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor
4. The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700
OPENING VIGNETTE: Roger Williams is banished from Puritan Massachusetts
Puritan Origins: The English Reformation
Puritans and the Settlement of New England
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: King Philip Considers Christianity
The Evolution of New England Society
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Were Some New Englanders Accused of Being Witches?
The Founding of the Middle Colonies
The Colonies and the English Empire
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: New France and the Indians: The British Colonies Northern Borderlands
Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America
5. Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 1701-1770
OPENING VIGNETTE: The Robin Johns experience horrific turns of fortune in the Atlantic slave trade
A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America
New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: A Sailors Life in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World
The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work
The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Newspapers: "The Spring of Knowledge"
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Large Warships in European Navies, 1660-1760
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Missionaries Report on California Missions
Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists
6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754-1775
OPENING VIGNETTE: Loyalist governor Thomas Hutchinson stands his ground in radical Massachusetts
The Seven Years War, 1754-1763
HISTORICAL QUESTION: How Long Did the Seven Years War Last in Indian Country?
The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 1763-1765
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Pursuing Liberty, Protesting Tyranny
The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 1767-1770
The Tea Party and the Coercive Acts, 1770-1774
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: How News of the Powder Alarm Traveled
Domestic Insurrections, 1774-1775
Conclusion: How Far Does Liberty Go?
7. The War for America, 1775-1783
OPENING VIGNETTE: Deborah Sampson masquerades as a man to join the Continental army
The Second Continental Congress
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Arming the Soldiers: Muskets and Rifles
The First Year of War, 1775-1776
GLOBAL COMPARISON: How Tall Were Eighteenth-Century Men on Average?
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: Prisoners of War in the Eighteenth Century
The Home Front
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Families Divide over the Revolution
The Campaigns of 1777-1779: The North and West
The Southern Strategy and the End of the War
Conclusion: Why the British Lost
8. Building a Republic, 1775-1789
OPENING VIGNETTE: James Madison comes of age in the midst of revolution
The Articles of Confederation
The Sovereign States
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: A Slave Sues for Her Freedom
The Confederations Problems
The United States Constitution
Ratification of the Constitution
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Was the New United States a Christian Country?
Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy"
9. The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800
OPENING VIGNETTE: Brilliant and brash, Alexander Hamilton becomes a polarizing figure in the 1790s
The Search for Stability
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: France, Britain, and Womans Rights in the 1790s
Hamiltons Economic Policies
GLOBAL COMPARISON: National Census Taking Worldwide
HISTORICAL QUESTION: How Did Washington, D.C., Become the Federal Capital?
Conflicts West, East, and South
Federalists and Republicans
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Crisis of 1798: Sedition
Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless
10. Republicans in Power, 1800-1824
OPENING VIGNETTE: The Shawnee chief Tecumseh attempts to forge a pan-Indian confederacy
HISTORICAL QUESTION: How Could a Vice President Get Away with Murder?
The Madisons in the White House
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Stoves Transform Cooking
Womens Status in the Early Republic
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: One Womans Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women
Monroe and Adams
Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex
11. The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840
OPENING VIGNETTE: The rise of Andrew Jackson, symbol of a self-confident and expanding nation
The Market Revolution
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Early Steamboats
The Spread of Democracy
Jackson Defines the Democratic Party
Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Changing Trends in Age of First Marriage for Women
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS:Transatlantic Abolition
Van Burens One-Term Presidency
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s
Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?
12. The New West and Free North, 1840-1860
OPENING VIGNETTE: With the support of his wife, Abraham Lincoln struggles to survive in antebellum America
Economic and Industrial Evolution
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: The Telegraph: The "Wonder-Working Wire"
Free Labor: Promise and Reality
The Westward Movement
Expansion and the Mexican-American War
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Who Rushed for California Gold?
Reforming Self and Society
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: Back to Africa: The United States in Liberia
Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men
13. The Slave South, 1820-1860
OPENING VIGNETTE: Slave Nat Turner leads a revolt to end slavery
The Growing Distinctiveness of the South
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Defending Slavery
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: White Gold: The International Empire of Cotton
Masters, Mistresses, and the Big House
HISTORICAL QUESTION: How Often Were Slaves Whipped?
Slaves and the Quarter
Black and Free: On the Middle Ground
The Plain Folk
The Politics of Slavery
Conclusion: A Slave Society
14. The House Divided, 1846-1861
OPENING VIGNETTE: Abolitionist John Brown takes his war against slavery to Harpers Ferry, Virginia
The Bitter Fruits of War
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Daguerrotypes: The "Sunbeam Art"
The Sectional Balance Undone
BEYOND AMERICAS BORDERS: Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny
Realignment of the Party System
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Purse of Her Own": Petitioning for the Right to Own Property
Freedom Under Siege
The Union Collapses
Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise
15. The Crucible of War, 1861-1865
OPENING VIGNETTE: Runaway slave William Gould enlists in the U.S. navy
"And the War Came"
Battling It Out, 1861-1862
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: CSS H.L. Hunley: The Worlds First Successful Submarine
GLOBAL COMPARISON: European Cotton Imports, 1860-1870
Union and Freedom
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
The South at War
The North at War
Grinding out Victory, 1863-1865
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?
Conclusion: The Second American Revolution Selected Bibliography
16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877
OPENING VIGNETTE: James T. Rapier emerges in the early 1870s as Alabamas most prominent black leader
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Meaning of Freedom
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Filling the "Empty Sleeve": Artificial Limbs
The Struggle in the South
HISTORICAL QUESTION: What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?
Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"
II. Facts and Figures: Government, Economy, and Demographics
III. Research Resources in U.S. History
Glossary of Historical Vocabulary
Spot Artifact Credits
Atlas of the Territorial Growth of the United States
What Our Readers Are Saying
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