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Divided Arsenal (Race and the American State During World War II)by Daniel Kryder
Synopses & Reviews
This book describes and analyzes FDR's methods of war mobilization, by focusing on his administration's race manpower policies. Widespread but little-known racial violence threatened to disrupt the American war effort, and the Army as well as production officials struggled throughout the war to control and retain the allegiance of African-Americans. Like the century's three other Democratic presidents fighting wars, FDR struggled to contain racial unrest by deploying new policy tools suited to particular forms of friction.
Divided Arsenal compares the causes and effects of federal race policy during World War II in factories, the Army, and agriculture. Two imperatives - the mobilization of industrial production and the maintenance of the New Deal Coalition - outweigh the goals of interracial reform. The history of industrial employment policies confirms the role of party and war-fighting concerns in the creation of the Fair Employment Practices Committee and its casework. While military racial policies were initially repressive, they paradoxically facilitated steps toward desegregation by transforming the executive"s calculation of military efficiency.
A comparison of the causes and effects of federal race policy during World War II.
Table of Contents
1. A divided arsenal: the problem and its setting; 2. The executive and political imperatives: presidential campaigns and race management policies on the eve of war; 3. The Executive and National Security Imperatives: unrest and early struggles over racial manpower policies; 4. The racial politics of industrial employment: Central State Authority and the adjustment of factory work; 5. The racial politics of army service: Central State Authority and the control of black soldier resistance; 6. June 9, 1943: 'Negro soldier trouble" at Camp Stewart, Georgia; 7. The racial politics of urban and rural unrest: monitoring agriculture and surveilling cities; 8. 'America again at the crossroads": war, the state and social conflict.
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