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Philosophical Horizons: Introductory Readingsby Steven M Cahn
Synopses & Reviews
Explore the central issues of philosophy through more than 70 non-technical reading. PHILOSOPHICAL HORIZONS: INTRODUCTORY READINGS has put together the easiest to follow and yet most informative philosophy selections ever. Whether it's the ancient philosophical masters or more recent thinkers, it's all here and clearly presented.
Book News Annotation:
Cahn (The City University of New York) and Eckert (University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth) collect 70 edited classic and contemporary readings in this anthology for undergraduates. An introduction explains principles of deductive and non-deductive arguments, hypothesis testing, inference, and argument analysis. Section introductions precede readings on philosophy of religion, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics, and political philosophy.
Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
About the Author
Steven M. Cahn is one of America?s most distinguished teachers of philosophy. He has authored or edited more than forty books as well as numerous articles, most in the fields of metaphysics, philosophy of religion, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of education. Among his works are FATE, LOGIC, AND TIME; SAINTS AND SCAMPS: ETHICS IN ACADEMIA, 25th Anniversary Edition; FROM STUDENT TO SCHOLAR; A CANDID GUIDE TO BECOMING A PROFESSOR; PUZZLES and PERPLEXITIES: COLLECTED ESSAYS, Second Edition; EXPLORING ETHICS, Second Edition (ED.); POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; THE ESSENTIAL TEXTS, Second Edition (ED.); THE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION DEBATE, Second Edition (ED.); EXPLORING PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION (ED.); and CLASSICS OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY, Seventh Edition.Maureen Eckert is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Her research areas include Ancient Greek Philosophy, Metaphysics, and Philosophy of Mind. She is the editor of THEORIES OF MIND: INTRODUCTORY READINGS, and co-editor of FATE, LOGIC AND
Table of Contents
Preface Introduction: The Elements of Argument. Part I: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION. Plato: Euthyphro (complete). Anselm: The Ontological Argument. Aquinas: The Five Ways. Richard Taylor: The Cosmological Argument. William Paley: The Teleological Argument. David Hume: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (selection). Ernest Nagel: A Defense of Atheism. Richard Swinburne: Why God Allows Evil. Steven M. Cahn: The Moriarty Hypothesis. Blaise Pascal: The Wager. W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief. William James: The Will to Believe. Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: Theology and Falsification. Robert McKim: The Hiddenness of God. Part II: METAPHYSICS. Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Zeno: Being vs. Becoming. Gilbert Ryle: Achilles and the Tortoise. Plato: The Divided Line and the Myth of the Cave. Aristotle: Substance, Cause and Change. A. D. Woozley: Universals. John Locke: Of Identity and Diversity. David Hume: Of Personal Identity. Thomas Reid: Of Identity and Mr. Locke. Daniel Dennett: The Self as a Narrative Center of Gravity. Clarence Darrow: Compulsion. A. J. Ayer: Freedom and Necessity. Richard Taylor: Freedom and Determinism. Harry Frankfurt: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. Part III: EPISTEMOLOGY. Rene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy (complete). O. K. Bouwsma: Descartes' Evil Genuis. John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (selection). George Berkeley: A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (selection). David Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (selection). P. F. Strawson: The Justification of Induction. Nelson Goodman: The New Riddle of Induction. Edmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Keota Fields: A Reply to Gettier. Susan Haack: Critical Common-Sensim. Part IV: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND. Gilbert Ryle: Descartes' Myth. J.J.C. Smart: Sensations and Brain Processes. Alan Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Paul Churchland: Eliminative Materialism. John Searle: Is the Brain's Mind a Computer Program? Paul Churchland and Patricia Churchland: Could a Machine Think? Thomas Nagel: What is it Like to be a Bat? Keith Gunderson: Asymmetries and Mind/Body Perplexities. Barbara Montero: The Body Problem. Part V: ETHICS. Charles L. Stevenson: The Nature of Ethical Disagreement. Renford Bambrough: A Proof of the Objectivity of Morals. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism. Steven M. Cahn and Jeffrie G. Murphy: Happiness and Immorality. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (selection). Epicurus: The Pleasant Life. Marcus Aurelius: The Meditations (selection). Kant: Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (selection). Mill: Utilitarianism (selection). Bernard Wiliams: A Critique of Utilitarianism. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil (selection). Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights. Part VI: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY. Plato: Apology (complete). Plato: Crito (complete). Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan (selection). John Locke: Second Treatise Concerning Government (selection). James Madison: Federalist #10. Karl Marx: Estranged Labor. John Stuart Mill: On Liberty (selection). John Rawls: A Theory of Justice (selection). Robert Nozick: Anarchy, State and Utopia (selection). Martin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham City Jail.
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