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Psychology (09 - Old Edition)

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Psychology (09 - Old Edition) Cover

ISBN13: 9780716752158
ISBN10: 0716752158
Condition: Student Owned
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The science makes it the book for you.

An introduction to psychology doesnt have to be science-challenged to be student-friendly. After all, what more powerful tool is there for captivating students than the real science behind what we know? Dan Schacter, Dan Gilbert and Dan Wegners skillful presentation centers on a smart selection of pioneering and cutting-edge experiments and examples. They effectively convey the remarkable achievements of psychology (with the right amount of critical judgment) to introduce the fields fundamental ideas to students.

 

The writing makes it the book for your students.

But it is not just the science that sets Psychology apart—its the way Schacter, Gilbert, and Wegner write about it. Each is a world-renowned researcher and accomplished classroom teacher. Each has written popular books that get to the heart of what fascinates people about psychology.  Read any chapter of Psychology—any page—and youll see why.  Bracing, easy to read, rich with captivating examples that make the ideas clear, concrete and relevant, Psychology communicates in a way that elevates and inspires students. It is anything but just another textbook.

About the Author

Daniel Schacter is William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Dan received his B.A. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He subsequently developed a keen interest in amnesic disorders associated with various kinds of brain damage. He continued his research and education at the University of Toronto, where he received his Ph.D. in 1981. He taught on the faculty at Toronto for the next six years before joining the psychology department at the University of Arizona in 1987. In 1991, he joined the faculty at Harvard University. His research explores the relation between conscious and unconscious forms of memory and the nature of distortions and errors in remembering. Many of Schacter‘s studies are summarized in his 1996 book, Searching for Memory: The Brain, The Mind, and The Past, and his 2001 book, The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers, both winners of the APAs William James Book Award.
 
Daniel Gilbert is Harvard College Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. After attending the Community College of Denver and completing his B.A. from the University of Colorado, Denver, he went on to earn his Ph.D. from Princeton University. From 1985-1996, he taught on the faculty of the University of Texas, Austin during which time he received the American Psychological Associations Distinguished Scientific Award for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology. In 1996, he joined the faculty of Harvard University. Gilbert has won numerous awards including the Phi Beta Kappa Teaching Prize and a Guggenheim Fellowship. His research on "affective forecasting" is an attempt to understand how and how well people predict their emotional reactions to future events. He is the author of the national bestseller Stumbling on Happiness.
 
Daniel Wegner is Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. He received his B.S. in 1970 and Ph.D. in 1974, both from Michigan State University. He began his teaching career at Trinity University in San Antonio, TX before his appointments at the University of Virginia in 1990 and then Harvard University in 2000. He is Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and former Associate Editor of Psychological Review.  His research focuses on thought suppression and mental control, social memory in relationships and groups, and the experience of conscious will. His seminal work in thought suppression and consciousness served as the basis of two trade titles, White Bears and Other Unwanted Thoughts and The Illusion of Conscious Will, both of which were named Choice Outstanding Academic Books.

Table of Contents

1. Psychology: The Evolution of a Science

Psychologys Roots: The Path to a Science of Mind

Psychologys Ancestors: The Great Philosophers

From the Brain to the Mind: The French Connection

From Physiology to Psychology: A New Science Born in Germany

Titchener Brings Structuralism to the United States

James and the Functional Approach

The Real World: Improving Study Skills

Errors and Illusions Reveal Psychology

Illusions of Movement and the Birth of Gestalt Psychology

Mental Disorders and Multiple Selves

Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory

Influence of Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Response

Psychology in the 20th Century: Behaviorism Takes Centerstage

Watson and the Emergence of Behaviorism

B. F. Skinner and the Development of Behaviorism        

Beyond Behaviorism: Psychology Expands

The Emergence of Cognitive Psychology

The Brain Meets the Mind: The Rise of Cognitive Neuroscience

The Adaptive Mind: The Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology

Hot Science: New Connections

Beyond the Individual: Social and Cultural Perspectives

The Development of Social Psychology

The Emergence of Cultural Psychology

The Profession of Psychology: Past and Present

Psychologists Band Together: The American Psychological Association

What Psychologists Do: Research Careers

Where Do You Stand: The Perils of Procrastination

 
2. The Methods of Psychology

Empiricism: How to Know Things

The Science of Observation: Saying What

Measurement

Samples

The Real World: Taking a Chance

Bias

The Science of Explanation: Saying Why

Correlation

Causation

Hot Science: Establishing Causality in the Brain

Drawing Conclusions

The Ethics of Science: Saying Please and Thank You

Where Do You Stand? The Morality of Immoral Experiments

 
3. Neuroscience and Behavior

Neurons: The Origin of Behavior

Components of the Neuron

Major Types of Neurons

Hot Science: Mirror, Mirror, in My Brain

Electrical Signaling: Communicating Information within a Neuron

The Resting Potential: The Origin of the Neurons Electrical Properties

The Action Potential: Sending Signals Over Long Distances

Chemical Signaling: Synaptic Transmission Between Neurons

Types of Neurotransmitters

How Drugs Mimic Neurotransmitters

The Organization of the Nervous System

Divisions of the Nervous System

Components of the Central Nervous System

Hot Science: Thought Control

Exploring the Brain

The Real World: Brain Plasticity and Sensations in Phantom Limbs

The Development and Evolution of Nervous Systems

Prenatal Development of the Central Nervous System

Evolutionary Development of the Central Nervous System

Genes and the Environment

Investigating the Brain

Learning About Brain Organization By Studying the Damaged Brain

Listening to the Brain: Single Neurons and the EEG

Brain Imaging: Watching the Brain in Action

Where Do You Stand? Brain Death

 
4. Sensation and Perception

The Doorway to Psychology

Psychophysics

Measuring Thresholds

Signal Detection

Sensory Adaptation

The Real World: Multitasking

Vision: More than Meets the Eye

Sensing Light

Perceiving Color

The Visual Brain

Recognizing Objects by Sight

Perceiving Depth and Size

Perceiving Motion

Audition: More than Meets the Ear

Sensing Sound

The Human Ear

Perceiving Pitch

Hot Science: Cochlear Implants

Localizing Sound Sources

The Body Senses: More than Skin Deep

Touch

Pain

Body Position, Movement, and Balance

The Chemical Senses: Adding Flavor

Smell

Taste

The Real World: Supertasters

Where Do You Stand? Perception and Persuasion

 
5. Memory

Encoding: Transforming Perceptions into Memories

Elaborative Encoding

Visual Imagery Encoding

Organizational Encoding

Storage: Maintaining Memories over Time

Sensory Storage

Short-term Storage and Working Memory

Long-term Storage

Memories in the Brain

Hot Science: A Memory Drug?

Retrieval: Bringing Memories to Mind

Retrieval Cues: Reinstating the Past

Separating the Components of Retrieval

Multiple Forms of Memory: How the Past Returns         

Implicit Memory and Explicit Memory

Semantic and Episodic Memory

Memory Failures: The Seven Sins of Memory

Transience

Absentmindedness

Blocking

Memory Misattribution

The Real World: Deadly Misattributions

Suggestibility

Bias

Persistence

Are the Seven Sins Vices or Virtues?

Where Do You Stand? The Mystery of Childhood Amnesia

 
6. Learning

Defining Learning: Experience that Causes a Permanent Change

The Case of Habituation

Learning and Behaviorism

Classical Conditioning: One Thing Leads to Another

Pavlovs Experiments on Classical Conditioning

The Basic Principles of Classical Conditioning

The Real World: Understanding Drug Overdoses

Conditioned Emotional Responses: The Case of Little Albert

A Deeper Understanding of Classical Conditioning

Hot Science: ¡Que Rico!

Operant Conditioning: Reinforcements

From the Environment

The Early Days: The Law of Effect

Reinforcement, Punishment, and the Development of Operant Conditioning

The Basic Principles of Operant Conditioning

A Deeper Understanding of Operant Conditioning

Observational Learning: Look at Me

Learning Without Direct Experience

Observational Learning in Humans

Observational Learning in Animals

Implicit Learning: Going Underground

Ways to Study Implicit Learning

The Real World: Can You Sleep on It?

Implicit and Explicit Learning Use Distinct Neural Pathways

Where Do You Stand? Will Chuck E. Cheese Pay My College Tuition, Too?

 
7. Language and Thought

Language and Communication: Nothings More Personal

The Complex Structure of Human Language

Language Development

Theories of Language Development

The Neurological Specialization that Allows Language to Develop

Can Other Species Learn Human Language?

Language and Thought: How Are They Related?

The Real World: Does Bilingualism Interfere with Cognitive Development?

Concepts and Categories: How We Think

The Organization of Concepts and Category Specific Deficits

Psychological Theories of Concepts and Categories

Judging, Valuing, and Deciding: Sometimes Were Logical, Sometimes Not

Decision Making: Rational, Optimal, and Otherwise

Other Approaches to Human Decision Making

Hot Science: The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

Problem Solving: Working It Out

Means-Ends Analysis

Analogical Problem Solving

Creativity and Insight 

Transforming Information: How We Reach Conclusions

Where Do You Stand? The Need for Cognition

 
8. Consciousness

Conscious and Unconscious: The Minds Eye, Open and Closed

The Mysteries of Consciousness

The Nature of Consciousness

The Unconscious Mind

Hot Science: How Smart Is the Unconscious Mind?

Sleep and Dreaming: Good Night, Mind

Sleep

Dreams

Hot Science: Dreaming and the Brain

Drugs and Consciousness: Artificial Inspiration

Drug Use and Abuse

Types of Psychoactive Drugs

The Real World: Drugs and the Regulation of Consciousness

Hypnosis: Open to Suggestion

Induction and Susceptibility

Hypnotic Effects

Meditation and Religious Experiences:

Higher Consciousness

Meditation

Ecstatic Religious Experiences

Where Do You Stand? Between NORML and MADD: What Is Acceptable Drug Use?

 
9. Intelligence

The Measurement of Intelligence: Highly Classified

The Intelligence Quotient

The Logic of Intelligence Testing

Consequential Behaviors

The Real World: Look Smart

The Nature of Intelligence: Pluribus or Unum?

General and Specific Abilities

Middle-Level Abilities

The Origins of Intelligence: From SES to DNA

Intelligence and Genes

Intelligence and Groups

The Future of Intelligence: Wising Up

Changing Intelligence

Hot Science: The Plot Thickens

Improving Intelligence

Where Do You Stand? Making Kids Smart or Making Smart Kids?

 
10. Emotion and Motivation

Emotional Experience: The Feeling Machine

What Is Emotion?

The Emotional Body

The Emotional Brain

The Regulation of Emotion

Hot Science: The Pleasures of Uncertainty

Emotional Communication: Msgs w/o Wrds

Communicative Expression

The Real World: Thats Gross!

Deceptive Expression

Motivation: Getting Moved

The Function of Emotion

The Conceptualization of Motivation

Eating and Mating

Kinds of Motivation

Where Do You Stand? Here Comes the Bride

 
11. Development

Prenatality: A Womb with a View

Prenatal Development

Prenatal Environment

Infancy and Childhood: Becoming a Person

Perceptual and Motor Development

Cognitive Development

Hot Science: An Accountant in the Crib?

Social Development

The Real World: The Truth about Daycare

Moral Development

Adolescence: Minding the Gap

The Protraction of Adolescence

Sexuality

Parents and Peers

Adulthood: The Short Happy Future

Changing Abilities

Changing Orientations

Changing Roles

Where Do You Stand? Licensing Parents

 
12. Personality

Personality: What It Is and How It Is Measured

Describing and Explaining Personality

Measuring Personality

The Trait Approach: Identifying Patterns of Behavior

Traits as Behavioral Dispositions and Motives

The Search for Core Traits

Traits as Biological Building Blocks

The Real World: Do Different Genders Lead to Different Personalities?

The Psychodynamic Approach: Forces that Lie Beneath Awareness

Unconscious Motives

The Structure of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego

Dealing with Inner Conflict

Psychosexual Stages and the Development of Personality

The Humanistic-Existential Approach: Personality as Choice

Human Needs and Self-Actualization

Conditions for Growth

Personality as Existence

The Social Cognitive Approach: Personalities in Situations

Consistency of Personality Across Situations

Personal Constructs

Personal Goals and Expectancies                      

The Self: Personality in the Mirror

Self-Concept

Self-Esteem

Hot Science: Implicit Egotism: Liking Ourselves

Without Knowing It

Where Do You Stand? Personality Testing for Fun and Profit

 
13. Psychological Disorders

Identifying Psychological Disorders: What Is Abnormal?

Defining the Boundaries of Normality

Classification of Psychological Disorders

Classification and Causation

Consequences of Labeling

The Real World: Cultural Variants of Abnormal Behavior

Anxiety Disorders: When Fears Take Over

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Phobic Disorders

Panic Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Dissociative Disorders: Going to Pieces

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Amnesia and Dissociative Fugue

Mood Disorders: At the Mercy of Emotions

Depressive Disorders

Bipolar Disorder

The Real World: Suicide Risk and Prevention

Schizophrenia: Losing the Grasp on Reality

Symptoms and Types of Schizophrenia

Biological Factors

Psychological Factors

Personality Disorders: Going to Extremes

Types of Personality Disorders

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Hot Science: Positive Psychology: Exterminating the Mindbugs

Where Do You Stand? Normal or Abnormal

 
14. Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Treatment: Getting Help to Those Who Need It

Why People Need Treatment

Why People Cannot or Will Not Seek Treatment

Approaches to Treatment

The Real World: Types of Psychotherapists

The Psychological Therapies: Healing the Mind through Interaction

Psychodynamic Therapy

Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies

Humanistic and Existential Therapies

Groups in Therapy

The Real World: Tales from the Madhouse

Worst Case Scenarios in the History of Treatment

Medical and Biological Treatments: Healing the Mind through the Brain

Antipsychotic Medications

Antianxiety Medications

Antidepressants and Mood Stabilizers

Herbal and Natural Products

Medications in Perspective

Biological Treatments beyond Medication

Treatment Effectiveness: For Better or for Worse

Evaluating Treatments

Which Treatments Work?

The Real World: Controversial Treatments—Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

Where Do You Stand? Should Drugs Be Used to Prevent

Traumatic Memories?

 
15. Stress and Health

Sources of Stress: What Gets to You?

Stressful Events

Chronic Stressors

Perceived Control over Stressful Events

Stress Reactions: All Shook Up

Physical Reactions

Hot Science: Why Sickness Feels Bad:

Psychological Effects of Immune Response

Psychological Reactions

Stress Management: Dealing With It

Mind Management

Body Management

The Real World: Rubbing the Right and Wrong Way: Massage and Therapeutic Touch

Situation Management

The Psychology of Illness: When Its in Your Head

Sensitivity to Illness

On Being a Patient

Hot Science: This Is Your Brain on Placebos

The Psychology of Health: Feeling Good

Personality and Health

Health-Promoting Behaviors and Self-Regulation

Where Do You Stand? Consider Yourself Warned         

 
16. Social Psychology

Social Behavior: Interacting With People

Survival: The Struggle for Resources

Reproduction: The Quest for Immortality

The Real World: An Affair to Remember

Hot Science: Beautifully Average

Social Influence: Controlling People

The Hedonic Motive: The Power of Pleasure

The Approval Motive: The Power of Social Acceptance

The Accuracy Motive: The Power of Being Right

The Real World: This Just In

Social Cognition: Understanding People

Stereotyping: Drawing Inferences From Categories

Attribution: Drawing Inferences From Actions

Where Do You Stand? Are You Prejudiced?

 

What Our Readers Are Saying

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Average customer rating based on 1 comment:

spaghettione, December 26, 2008 (view all comments by spaghettione)
Interactive and compelling. The three Dans will make you laugh with silly examples. There is no way that you can read this book and not understand the basic principles of psychology.
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(1 of 1 readers found this comment helpful)

Product Details

ISBN:
9780716752158
Author:
Schacter, Daniel L.
Publisher:
Worth Publishers
Contributor:
Gilbert, Daniel Todd
Contributor:
Wegner, Daniel M.
Author:
Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Author:
Wegner, Daniel M.
Author:
Schacter
Author:
Gilbert, Daniel T.
Subject:
General Psychology & Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychology
Subject:
General
Subject:
Psychology : General
Subject:
Education-General
Edition Description:
Trade Cloth
Publication Date:
20071231
Binding:
HARDCOVER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Y
Pages:
800
Dimensions:
10.88 x 9.13 in

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