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The Trojan War: A New Historyby Barry Strauss
Synopses & Reviews
The Trojan War is the most famous conflict in history, the subject of Homer's Iliad, one of the cornerstones of Western literature. Although many readers know that this literary masterwork is based on actual events, there is disagreement about how much of Homer's tale is true. Drawing on recent archeological research, historian and classicist Barry Strauss explains what really happened in Troy more than 3,000 years ago.
For many years it was thought that Troy was an insignificant place that never had a chance against the Greek warriors who laid siege and overwhelmed the city. In the old view, the conflict was decided by duels between champions on the plain of Troy. Today we know that Troy was indeed a large and prosperous city, just as Homer said. The Trojans themselves were not Greeks but vassals of the powerful Hittite Empire to the east in modern-day Turkey, and they probably spoke a Hittite-related language called Luwian. The Trojan War was most likely the culmination of a long feud over power, wealth, and honor in western Turkey and the offshore islands. The war itself was mainly a low-intensity conflict, a series of raids on neighboring towns and lands. It seems unlikely that there was ever a siege of Troy; rather some sort of trick — perhaps involving a wooden horse — allowed the Greeks to take the city.
Strauss shows us where Homer nods, and sometimes exaggerates and distorts, as well. He puts the Trojan War into the context of its time, explaining the strategies and tactics that both sides used, and compares the war to contemporary battles elsewhere in the eastern Mediterranean. With his vivid reconstructions of the conflict and his insights into the famous charactersand events of Homer's great epic, Strauss masterfully tells the story of the fall of Troy as history without losing the poetry and grandeur that continue to draw readers to this ancient tale.
andlt;iandgt;The Trojan Warandlt;/iandgt; is one of history's most famous conflicts, a ten-year-long war waged over the beautiful Helen. For more than two thousand years this story has been a source of artistic inspiration. But is it true? andlt;BRandgt; andlt;BRandgt; In andlt;iandgt;The Trojan Warandlt;/iandgt; historian and classicist Barry Strauss explores the myth and the reality behind the war, from Homer's accounts in andlt;iandgt;The Iliadandlt;/iandgt; and andlt;iandgt;The Odysseyandlt;/iandgt; to Heinrich Schliemann's discovery of ancient Troy in the late nineteenth century to more recent excavations that have yielded intriguing clues to the story behind the fabled city. The Trojans, it turns out, were not ethnic Greeks but an Anatolian people closely allied with the Hittite Empire to the east. At the time of the Trojan War the Greeks were great seafarers while Troy was a more settled civilization. And while the cause of the war may well have been the kidnapping of a queen — and, more significantly, the seizure of her royal dowry — the underlying cause was a conflict between the Trojans and the Greeks for control of the eastern Aegean Sea. andlt;BRandgt; andlt;BRandgt; Through vivid reconstructions of the battles and insightful depictions of its famous characters, andlt;iandgt;The Trojan Warandlt;/iandgt; reveals the history behind Homer's great epic, without losing the poetry and grandeur of the epic myth.
Based on the latest archeological research and written by a leading expert on ancient military history, the true story of the most famous battle in history is every bit as compelling as Homer's epic account, and confirms many of its details.
About the Author
Barry Strauss, professor of history and classics at Cornell University, is a leading expert on ancient military history. He has written or edited several books, including andlt;iandgt;The Battle of Salamisandlt;/iandgt;, andlt;iandgt;The Trojan Warandlt;/iandgt;, and andlt;iandgt;The Spartacus Warandlt;/iandgt;. Visit BarryStrauss.com.
Table of Contents
Timetable of Events Relating to the Trojan War
A Note on Ancient History and Archaeology
Chapter One: War for Helen
Chapter Two: The Black Ships Sail
Chapter Three: Operation Beachhead
Chapter Four: Assault on the Walls
Chapter Five: The Dirty War
Chapter Six: An Army in Trouble
Chapter Seven: The Killing Fields
Chapter Eight: Night Moves
Chapter Nine: Hector's Charge
Chapter Ten: Achilles' Heel
Chapter Eleven: The Night of the Horse
Glossary of Key Names
A Note on Sources
What Our Readers Are Saying
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