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Other titles in the University of Toronto Centre for Public Management Monograph series:
Greener Pastures: Decentralizing the Regulation of Agricultural Pollution (University of Toronto Centre for Public Management Monograph)by Elizabeth Brubaker
Synopses & Reviews
As farms increase in size and become increasingly industrialized, the problem of agricultural pollution is gaining urgency across Canada. The response from most environmentalists and provincial governments is to push for more centralized regulation. In Greener Pastures, Elizabeth Brubaker exposes the detrimental effects of such regulatory changes, which tend to exacerbate, rather than curb, pollution.
For centuries, Brubaker explains, conflicts about farming were resolved by the parties directly involved, aided by common-law courts. The rule, 'use your own property so as not to harm another's, ' fairly and effectively resolved disputes between farmers and their neighbours and curbed environmental damage. Beginning in the 1970s, however, concerns about restraints on agriculture's growth prompted governments to replace the common law with more permissive provincial statutes.
Greener Pastures chronicles the centralization of agricultural regulation and the resulting environmental harm. Brubaker focuses, specifically, on the right-to-farm laws (passed by every province in recent decades) that have freed farmers from common-law liability for the nuisances they create. She shows how these laws have made possible an unsustainable intensification of agriculture, and argues for a decentralized, rights-based decision-making regime. This thoroughly researched and impressively thought-out study challenges many common assumptions about environmental regulation, and proposes fresh answers to grave environmental and political questions.
Book News Annotation:
Brubaker chronicles a gradual centralization of control over agricultural pollution in Canada from the 1970s to the present, documents the environmental and social costs associated with the centralization, and suggests caution regarding further centralizing measures. She proposes a regulatory regime that respects the principle of subsidiarity, placing decision making as close as possible to the affected citizens, as the best way to make regulation reflect the needs and values of the individuals and communities who are impacted by the pollution. Annotation ©2007 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
'"Greener Pastures" will undoubtedly enliven and enrich the debate about the concentration of power over agricultural regulations, a difficult and divisive issue. Elizabeth Brubaker's study presents a point of view almost never seen in print. It provides thought-provoking material which ought to be required reading for legislators and others genuinely looking for appropriate solutions to some very complex problems. It is a very great pleasure to read.'-Valerie M'Garry, Valerie M'Garry Law Office
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