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Chile and the Nazis: From Hitler to Pinochetby Graeme Mount
Synopses & Reviews
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and Hitler's subsequent declaration of war upon the United States, Chile’s reluctance to sever diplomatic ties with Nazi Germany allowed Germany to maximize its opportunities there, influencing Chilean politicians, military operations, and the popular media. This is the story of Chile, of its efforts to maintain neutrality, its abandonment of neutrality, and the significance—long-term and short-term—of those actions.
Based on documentary evidence from the archives of the Chilean Foreign Office, and from U.S., British, German, and, intercepted, Japanese documents, Mount is one of the first authors to provide evidence of the events and circumstances surrounding Chile’s refusal to comply with the will of the White House and the State Department, in 1942, that they sever diplomatic relations with Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan.
According to his findings, this refusal, fueled by bribes to influential politicians and journalists, a respect for the German-Chilean electorate in a presidential election year, a fear of what Nazi submarines might do to Chilean shipping and the Chilean coastline, and a desire to demonstrate independence, allowed these countries to use their embassies as centres of espionage that radiated as far north as Canada and threatened Allied shipping. Mount concludes that although the government of President Rios finally did make the break, sympathy for the Nazis and their values did not disappear but continued to have an impact upon Chile into the era of Augusto Pinochet, Chilean head of state from 1973 to 1990.
Graeme S. Mount teaches history at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario. He is author of many books dealing with Canada-United States relations. His most recent include The Caribbean Basin: An International History,/I> and Invisible and Inaudible in Washington: American Policies toward Canada during the Cold War.
The story of Chile--a legacy of torture, murder, international terrorism and the deep influential Nazi connection.
About the Author
Graeme S. Mount teaches history at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario. He is author of some 13 books including: Chile and the Nazis: From Hitler to Pinochet, The Diplomacy of War: The Case of Korea, and 895 Days That Changed the World: The Presidency of Gerald Ford.
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