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Elements of Moral Philosophy 3RD Editionby James Rachels
Synopses & Reviews
Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.
About the Author
James Rachels is University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Alabama at Birminghamand is widely respected in the field of moral philosophy. He is also the author of THE END OF LIFE: Euthanasia and Morality and CREATED FROM ANIMALS: The Moral Implications of Darwinism.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS MORALITY?
First Example: Baby Theresa
Third Example: Tracy Latimer
The Minimum Conception of Morality
How Different Societies Have Different Moral Codes
The Cultural Differences Argument
Why There is Less Disagreement than it Seems
Judging a Cultural Practice to be Undesirable
CHAPTER 3: SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS
The Evolution of the Theory
The Second Stage: Emotivism
Are There Proofs in Ethics?
CHAPTER 4: DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION?
The Divine Command Theory
Religion and Particular Moral Issues
Is Unselfishness Possible?
Two Arguments in Favor of Psychological Egoism
The Deepest Error in Psychological Egoism
Is There a Duty to Help Starving People?
Three Arguments Against Ethical Egoism
The Revolution in Ethics
Second Example: Nonhuman Animals
The Classical Version of the Theory
Are Consequences All That Matter?
The Defense of Utilitarianism
Harry Truman and Elizabeth Anscombe
Absolute Rules and the Duty Not to Lie
Another Look at Kant's Basic Idea
The Idea of Human Dignity
Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory of Morals
CHAPTER 12: FEMINISM AND THE ETHICS OF CARE
Implications for Moral Judgment
CHAPTER 13: THE ETHICS OF VIRTUE
The Problem of Incompleteness
Morality Without Hubris
Justice and Fairness
Suggestions for Further Reading