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Metaphors We Live by

by

Metaphors We Live by Cover

ISBN13: 9780226468013
ISBN10: 0226468011
Condition: Standard
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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

People use metaphors every time they speak. Some of those metaphors are literary — devices for making thoughts more vivid or entertaining. But most are much more basic than that — they're "metaphors we live by," metaphors we use without even realizing we're using them. In this book, George Lakoff and Mark Johnson suggest that these basic metaphors not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning. Bringing together the perspectives of linguistics and philosophy, they offer an intriguing and surprising guide to some of the most common metaphors and what they can tell us about the human mind. And for this new edition, they supply an afterword both extending their arguments and offering a fascinating overview of the current state of thinking on the subject of metaphor.

Review:

"A very enjoyable and intellectually stimulating book which raises, and occasionally answers, a number of important linguistic questions....As Lakoff and Johnson demonstrate on every page, the most important fact about metaphor is that it is experienced — and this book demands not so much to be read as to be experienced. The ideas that well up during the experience represent as much of the reader's conceptual structure as of the authors'. This trait, common to all human communication, is intensified in this book by Lakoff and Johnson's artistic vision, resulting in a powerfully human book about a powerful human topic." John M. Lawler, Language

Synopsis:

George Lakoff and Mark Johnson suggest that basic metaphors used in everyday speech not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning.

Synopsis:

The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"-metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them.

In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.

About the Author

George Lakoff is a professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of, among other books, Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things and Moral Politics, both published by the University of Chicago Press. Mark Johnson is the Knight Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Oregon. He is the author of The Body in the Mind and Moral Imagination, both published by the University of Chicago Press. Johnson and Lakoff have also coauthored Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and its Challenge to Western Thought.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

1. Concepts We Live By

2. The Systematicity of Metaphorical Concepts

3. Metaphorical Systematicity: Highlighting and Hiding

4. Orientational Metaphors

5. Metaphor and Cultural Coherence

6. Ontological Metaphors

7. Personification

8. Metonymy

9. Challenges to Metaphorical Coherence

10. Some Further Examples

11. The Partial Nature of Metaphorical Structuring

12. How Is Our Conceptual System Grounded?

13. The Grounding of Structural Metaphors

14. Causation: Partly Emergent and Partly Metaphorical

15. The Coherent Structuring of Experience

16. Metaphorical Coherence

17. Complex Coherences across Metaphors

18. Some Consequences for Theories of Conceptual Structure

19. Definition and Understanding

20. How Metaphor Can Give Meaning to Form

21. New Meaning

22. The Creation of Similarity

23. Metaphor, Truth, and Action

24. Truth

25. The Myths of Objectivism and Subjectivism

26. The Myth of Objectivism in Western Philosophy and Linguistics

27. How Metaphor Reveals the Limitations of the Myth of Objectivism

28. Some Inadequacies of the Myth of Subjectivism

29. The Experientialist Alternative: Giving New Meaning to the Old Myths

30. Understanding

Afterword

References

What Our Readers Are Saying

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Average customer rating based on 3 comments:

Taylor, December 8, 2009 (view all comments by Taylor)
This is a very interesting book, which explores the role of metaphors in the English language and argues that the majority of communication is done in metaphors. In particular the authors explore space and time metaphors which makes for some rather interesting insights to how American culture handles space and time. I highly recommend this book for anyone who enjoys linguistics or wants to explore how language use impacts everyday life. This is a dense read, so you'll need to spend some time working with it, but you'll get a lot out of it.
Was this comment helpful? | Yes | No
(2 of 3 readers found this comment helpful)
anhchi80, August 3, 2008 (view all comments by anhchi80)
this book is very good but is not easy to read. though the book was wriiten in nearly 30years, but in Vietnam, it seems brand new to the linguistic researchers.
I know this book, but I have no chance to read.
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(7 of 14 readers found this comment helpful)
tony0025, October 4, 2006 (view all comments by tony0025)
This book is a revolutionary breadthrough of looking into the relationship between language and cognition, which is as influencial as Chomsky's GT grammar to the 1960s.
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(14 of 30 readers found this comment helpful)
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Product Details

ISBN:
9780226468013
Author:
Lakoff, George
Author:
Johnson, Mark
Publisher:
University Of Chicago Press
Location:
Chicago :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Philosophy
Subject:
Linguistics
Subject:
Language and languages
Subject:
Concepts
Subject:
Truth
Subject:
Metaphor
Subject:
Mâetaphore
Subject:
Vâeritâe
Subject:
Langage et langues
Subject:
Linguistics - General
Copyright:
Edition Number:
Paperback ed.
Edition Description:
Paperback
Series Volume:
107-371
Publication Date:
April 2003
Binding:
Hardback
Grade Level:
General/trade
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
256
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.5 in

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Linguistics » General
Humanities » Literary Criticism » General
Humanities » Literary Criticism » Literary and Cultural Studies
Humanities » Philosophy » General
Reference » Science Reference » Philosophy of Science
Reference » Words Phrases and Language

Metaphors We Live by Used Trade Paper
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$10.95 In Stock
Product details 256 pages University of Chicago Press - English 9780226468013 Reviews:
"Review" by , "A very enjoyable and intellectually stimulating book which raises, and occasionally answers, a number of important linguistic questions....As Lakoff and Johnson demonstrate on every page, the most important fact about metaphor is that it is experienced — and this book demands not so much to be read as to be experienced. The ideas that well up during the experience represent as much of the reader's conceptual structure as of the authors'. This trait, common to all human communication, is intensified in this book by Lakoff and Johnson's artistic vision, resulting in a powerfully human book about a powerful human topic."
"Synopsis" by , George Lakoff and Mark Johnson suggest that basic metaphors used in everyday speech not only affect the way we communicate ideas, but actually structure our perceptions and understandings from the beginning.
"Synopsis" by ,
The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"-metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them.

In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.

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