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The Examined Life: A Treasury of Western Philosophy
Synopses & Reviews
Although Hegel considered Science of Logic essential to his philosophy, it has received scant commentary compared with the other three books he published in his lifetime. Here philosopher Stanley Rosen rescues the Science of Logic from obscurity, arguing that its neglect is responsible for contemporary philosophy’s fracture into many different and opposed schools of thought. Through deep and careful analysis, Rosen sheds new light on the precise problems that animate Hegel’s overlooked book and their tremendous significance to philosophical conceptions of logic and reason.
Rosen’s overarching question is how, if at all, rationalism can overcome the split between monism and dualism. Monism—which claims a singular essence for all things—ultimately leads to nihilism, while dualism, which claims multiple, irreducible essences, leads to what Rosen calls “the endless chatter of the history of philosophy.” The Science of Logic, he argues, is the fundamental text to offer a new conception of rationalism that might overcome this philosophical split. Leading readers through Hegel’s book from beginning to end, Rosen’s argument culminates in a masterful chapter on the Idea in Hegel. By fully appreciating theScience of Logic and situating it properly within Hegel’s oeuvre, Rosen in turn provides new tools for wrangling with the conceptual puzzles that have brought so many other philosophers to disaster.
A true treasury — not a complete encyclopedia or history survey, but a carefully compiled selection of "greatest hits" — this book offers an introduction to several important areas of philosophy and the philosophers who've influenced western thought.
The book brings together original material from Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Pascal, Nietzche, Kant, Descartes, Hume, and others, in sections dedicated to the Social and Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Art and Aesthetics, Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science. Original section introductions by authorities in each field help the reader understand the development of each area, and each philosopher's contribution to it.
What did Plato contribute to the philosophy of art? What do Pascal's Pensees really say? Everyone knows the names of these philosophers, but few really understand the ideas at the core of western philosophy.
In this treasury of western thought, the primary sources speak for themselves. Over 35 excerpts from important philosophers — including Aristotle and Hume, as well as contemporary thinkers — offer a solid introduction to philosophy for the curious reader.
Leading scholars have carefully chosen the selections, which are arranged according to major discipline, including Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Art and Aesthetics, and Metaphysics. These experts have contributed a provocative introductions in their areas of expertise.
Unlike other philosophy collections, this book is not a history, a secondary source, or a quick reference. It stands out as an intelligent and accessible compilation of primary source material.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 611-614) and index.
About the Author
Stanley Rosen is Borden Parker Bowne Professor of Philosophy at Boston University. He is author of twelve books on philosophy, as well as numerous articles, and he lectures widely throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe. He lives in Boston, Massachusetts.
Table of Contents
ONE / The Historical Context
TWO / The Prefaces
THREE / The Introduction
FOUR / The Beginning of Logical Science
FIVE / From Being to Existence
SIX / Transitional Remarks
SEVEN / Quantity
EIGHT / Quantitative Relation
NINE / Transition to Book Two
TEN / The Fichtean Background
ELEVEN / The Nature of Essence
TWELVE / Contradiction
THIRTEEN / Absolute Ground
FOURTEEN / Foundationalism and Antifoundationalism
FIFTEEN / Appearance
SIXTEEN / Actuality
SEVENTEEN / Introduction to Book Three
EIGHTEEN / Subjectivity
NINETEEN / Judgment
TWENTY / Objectivity
TWENTY-ONE / The Idea
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