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1 Beaverton Psychology- General
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Principles of Psychology Volume 1

by

Principles of Psychology Volume 1 Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Volume 1 of the famous long course, complete and unabridged. Stream of thought, time perception, memory, experimental methods — these are only some of the concerns of a work that was years ahead of its time and is still valid, interesting and useful. Total in set: 94 figures.

Synopsis:

A reprint of William James, 1890 treatise on the fundamental principles of philosophy.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1

  THE SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY

    Mental Manifestations depend on Cerebral Conditions

    Pursuit of ends and choice are the marks of Mind's presence

CHAPTER II

  THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BRAIN

    "Reflex, semi-reflex, and voluntary acts"

    The Frog's nerve centres

    General notion of the hemispheres

    Their Education-the Meynert scheme

    The phrenological contrasted with the physiological conception

    The localization of function in the hemisphere

    The motor zone

    Motor Aphasia

    The sight-centre

    Mental blindness

    The hearing-centre

    Sensory Aphasia

    Centres for smell and taste

    The touch-centre

    Man's Consciousness limited to the hemispheres

    The restitution of function

    Final correction of the Meynert scheme

    Conclusions

CHAPTER III.

  ON SOME GENERAL CONDITIONS OF BRAIN-ACTIVITY

    The summation of Stimuli

    Reaction-time

    Cerebral blood-supply

    Cerebral Thermometry

    Phosphorus and Thought

CHAPTER IV.

  HABIT

    Due to plasticity of neural matter

    Produces ease of action

    Diminishes attention

    Concatenated performances

    Ethical implications and pedagogic maxims

CHAPTER V.

  THE AUTOMATON-THEORY

    The theory described

    Reasons for it

    Reasons against it

CHAPTER VI.

  THE MIND-STUFF THEORY

    Evolutionary Psychology demands a Mind-dust

    Some alleged proofs that it exists

    Refutation of these proofs

    Self-compounding of mental facts is inadmissible

    Can states of mind be unconscious?

    Refutation of alleged proofs of unconscious thought

    Difficulty of stating the connection between mind and brain

    The Soul' is logically the least objectionable hypothesis

    Conclusion

CHAPTER VII.

  THE METHODS AND SNARES OF PSYCHOLOGY

    Psychology is a natural Science

    Introspection

    Experiment

    Sources of error

    The 'Psychologists fallacy'

CHAPTER VIII.

  THE RELATIONS OF MINDS TO OTHER THINGS

    Time relations : lapses of Consciousness

    Locke v. Descartes

    The 'unconsciousness' of hysterics not genuine

    Minds may split into dissociated parts

    Space-relations : the Seat of the Soul

    Cognitive relations

    The Psychologist's point of view

    "Two kinds of knowledge, acquaintance and knowledge about"

CHAPTER IX.

  THE STREAM OF THOUGHT

    Consciousness tends to the personal form

    It is in constant change

    It is sensibly continuous

    Substantive' and 'transitive' parts of Consciousness

    Feelings of relation

    Feelings of tendency

    The 'fringe' of the object

    The feeling of rational sequence

    Thought possible in any kind of mental material

    Thought and language

    Consciousness is cognitive

    The word Object

    Every cognition is due to one integral pulse of thought

    Diagrams of Thought's stream

    Thought is always selective

CHAPTER X

  THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF SELF

    The Empirical Self or Me

    Its constituents

    The material self

    The Social Self

    The Spiritual Self

    Difficulty of apprehending Thought as a purely spiritual activity

    Emotions of Self

    Rivalry and conflict of one's different selves

    Their hierarchy

    What Self we love in 'Self-love'

    The Pure Ego

    The verifiable ground of the sense of personal identity

    The passing Thought is the only Thinker which Psychology requires

    Theories of Self-consciousness:

    1) The theory of the Soul

    2) The Associationist theory

    3) The Transcendentalist theory

    The mutations of the Self

    Insane delusions

    Alternative selves

    Mediumships or possessions

    Summary

CHAPTER XI.

  ATTENTION

    Its neglect by English psychologists

    Description of it

    To how many things can we attend at once?

    Wundt's experiments on displacement of date of impressions simultaneously attend to

    Personal equation

    The varieties of attention

    Passive attention

    Voluntary attention

    Attention's effect on sensation; on discrimination; on recollection; on reaction-time

    The neural process in attention:

    1) Accommodation of sense-organ

    2) Preperception

    Is voluntary attention a resultant or a force?

    The effort to attend can be conceived as a resultant

    Conclusion

    Acquired Inattention

CHAPTER XII.

  CONCEPTION

    The sense of sameness

    Conception defined

    Conceptions are unchangeable

    Abstract ideas

    Universals

    The conception 'of the same' is not the 'same state' of mind

CHAPTER XIII.

  DISCRIMINATION AND COMPARISON

    Locke on discrimination

    Martineau ditto

    Simultaneous sensations originally fuse into one object

    The principle of mediate comparison

    Not all differences are differences of composition

    The conditions of discrimination

    The sensation of differences

    The transcendentalist theory of the perception of differences uncalled for

    The process of analysis

    The process of abstraction

    The improvement of discrimination by practice

    Its two causes

    Practical interests limit our discrimination

    Reaction-time after discrimination

    The perception of likeness

    The magnitude of differences

    The measurement of criminative sensibility : Weber's law

    Fechner's interpretation of this as the psycho-physic law

    Criticism thereof

CHAPTER XIV.

  ASSOCIATION

    The problem of the connection of our thoughts

    It depends on mechanical conditons

    "Association is of objects thought-of, not of 'ideas'"

    The rapidity of association

    The 'law of contiguity'

    The elementary law of association

    Impartial redintegration

    Ordinary or mixed association

    The law of interest

    Association by similarity

    Elementary expression of the difference be

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486203812
Author:
James, William
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Location:
New York :
Subject:
General
Subject:
Psychology
Subject:
Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychiatry x
Subject:
Psychiatry - General
Subject:
General Psychology & Psychiatry
Subject:
Psychology : General
Subject:
Education & Training
Copyright:
Edition Number:
Authorized ed.
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series Volume:
106
Publication Date:
19500631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
Yes
Pages:
696
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 1.58 lb

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Related Subjects

Health and Self-Help » Psychology » General
Health and Self-Help » Psychology » Reference
Health and Self-Help » Self-Help » General
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » Applied

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Product details 696 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486203812 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , A reprint of William James, 1890 treatise on the fundamental principles of philosophy.
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