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General Chemistry 3RD Edition


General Chemistry 3RD Edition Cover

ISBN13: 9780486656229
ISBN10: 0486656225
Condition: Standard
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Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

"An excellent text, highly recommended." — Choice

When it was first published, this first-year chemistry text revolutionized the teaching of chemistry by presenting it in terms of unifying principles instead of as a body of unrelated facts. Those principles included modern theories of atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics. In addition, Dr. Pauling attempted to correlate the theories with descriptive chemistry, the observed properties of substances, to introduce the student to the multitude of chemical substances and their properties.

In this extensively revised and updated third edition, the Nobel Prize-winning author maintains an excellent balance between theoretical and descriptive material, although the amount of descriptive chemistry has been decreased somewhat, and the presentation of the subject, especially in relation to the nonmetals, has been revised in such a way as to permit greater correlation with the electronic structure of atoms, especially electronegativity.

The principles of quantum mechanics are discussed on the basis of the de Broglie wavelength of the electron. The quantized energy levels of a particle in a box are derived by means of a simple assumption about the relation of the de Broglie waves to the walls of the box. No attempt is made to solve the Schrödinger wave equation for other systems, but the wave functions of hydrogen-like electrons are presented  and discussed in some detail, and the quantum states for other systems are also covered. Statistical mechanics is introduced before thermodynamics, and the discussion of thermodynamics is based on it. This arrangement reflects the author's belief that beginning students can understand statistical mechanics better than chemical thermodynamics.

Aimed at first-year college students who plan to major in chemistry or closely related fields, the book is written in a logical, clear, and understandable style. In addition, many excellent figures are included, along with numerous problems and 75 pages of appendices covering such topics as symmetry of molecules and crystals, hybrid bond orbitals, and magnetic properties of substances.


Revised third edition of classic first-year text by Nobel laureate. Covers atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems.


Extensive revised and updated third edition of classic first-year text by Nobel Laureate. Atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems. 75 pages of appendixes. Hailed by Choice as "an excellent text, highly recommended."


Includes bibliographical references (p. 942) and index.

About the Author

Linus Pauling: Two-Time Nobel Laureate

In 1985 Dover reprinted Introduction to Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Chemistry, a well-known older book by Linus Pauling and E. Bright Wilson. This book had been first published fifty years earlier and remarkably still found readers in 1985, and still does today, twenty-five years further on.

The first edition of Pauling's General Chemistry was a short book of less than 250 pages published in 1944, during World War II. Three years later, it had more than doubled in size to almost 600 pages, and the 1953 edition was over 700 pages. Fifteen years later, for the 1970 edition, it reached its final size and configuration at almost 1,000 pages ― and that is the edition which Dover reprinted in 1988. Dr. Pauling's one request at that time was that we keep the price affordable for students.

Linus Pauling is of course the only Dover author to win two Nobel prizes, for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962; he is the only winner in history of two unshared Nobel Prizes.

In the Author's Own Words:

"Satisfaction of one's curiosity is one of the greatest sources of happiness in life."

"Do unto others 20% better than you would expect them to do unto you, to correct for subjective error."

"The way to get good ideas is to get lots of ideas, and throw the bad ones away."

"Facts are the air of scientists. Without them you can never fly." — Linus Pauling

Critical Acclaim for General Chemistry:

"An excellent text, highly recommended." — Choice

Table of Contents


1 The Nature and Properties of Matter

  1-1 Matter and Chemistry

  1-2 Mass and Energy

  1-3 The International System of Units

  1-4 Temperature

  1-5 Kinds of Matter

  1-6 The Physical Properties of Substances

  1-7 The Chemical Properties of Substances

  1-8 The Scientific Method

2 The Atomic and Molecular Structure of Matter

  2-1 "Hypotheses, Theories, and Laws"

  2-2 The Atomic Theory

  2-3 Modern Methods of Studying Atoms and Molecules

  2-4 The Arrangement of Atoms in a Crystal

  2-5 The Description of a Crystal Structure

  2-6 Crystal Symmetry; the Crystal Systems

  2-7 The Molecular Structure of Matter

3 "The Electron, the Nuclei of Atoms, and the Photon"

  3-1 The Nature of Electricity

  3-2 The Discovery of the Electron

  3-3 The Discovery of of X-rays and Radioactivity

  3-4 The Nuclei of Atoms

  3-5 The Birth of the Quantum Theory

  3-6 The Photoelectric Effect and the Photon

  3-7 The Diffraction of X-rays by Crystals

  3-8 Electron Wave Character and Electron Spin

  3-9 What Is Light? What Is an Electron?

  3-10 The Uncertainty Principle

4 Elements and Compounds. Atomic and Molecular Masses

  4-1 The Chemical Elements

  4-2 The Neutron. The Structure of Nuclei

  4-3 Chemical Reactions

  4-4 Nuclidic Masses and Atomic Weights

  4-5 Avogadro's Number. The Mole

  4-6 Examples of Weight-relation Calculations

  4-7 Determination of Atomic Weights by Chemical Method

  4-8 Determination of Atomic Weights by Use of the Mass Spectrograph

  4-9 Determination of Nuclidic Masses by Nuclear Reactions

  4-10 The Discovery of the Correct Atomic Weights. Isomorphism

5 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table of the Elements

  5-1 The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom

  5-2 Excitation and Ionization Energies

  5-3 The Wave-mechanical Description of Atoms

  5-4 The Periodic Table of the Elements

  5-5 Electron Energy as the Basis of the Periodic Table

  5-6 The History of the Periodic Table

6 The Chemical Bond

  6-1 The Nature of Covalence

  6-2 The Structure of Covalent Compounds

  6-3 The Direction of Valence Bonds in Space

  6-4 Tetrahedral Bond Orbitals

  6-5 Bond Orbitals with Large p Character

  6-6 Molecules and Crystals of the Nonmetallic Elements

  6-7 Resonance

  6-8 Ionic Valence

  6-9 The Partial Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds

  6-10 The Electronegativity Scale of the Elements

  6-11 Heats of Formation and Relative Electronegativity of Atoms

  6-12 The Electroneutrality Principle

  6-13 The Sizes of Atoms and Molecules.

      Covalent Radii and van der Waals Radii

  6-14 Oxidation Numbers of Atoms

7 The Nonmetallic Elements and Some Their Compounds

  7-1 The Elementary Substances

  7-2 Hydrides of Nonmetals. Hydrocarbons

  7-3 Hydrocarbons Containing Double Bonds and Triple Bonds

  7-4 Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Benzene

  7-5 Amnonia and Its Compounds

  7-6 Other Normal-valence Componds of the Nonmetals

  7-7 Some Transargononic Single-bonded Compounds

  7-8 The Argonons

8 Oxygen Compounds of Nonmetallic Elements

  8-1 The Oxycompounds of the Halogens

  8-2 "Oxycompounds of Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurim"

  8-3 "Oxycompounds of Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, and Bismuth"

  8-4 Oxycompounds of Nitrogen

  8-5 Oxycompounds of Carbon

  8-6 Molecules containing Bivalent Carbon. Free Radicals

  8-7 Unstable and Highly Reactive Molecules

9 Gases: Quantum Mechanics and Statistical Mechanics

  9-1 The Perfect-gas Equation

  9-2 Quantum Mechanics of a Monatomic Gas

  9-3 The Wave Equation

  9-4 The Kinetic Theory of Gases

  9-5 The Distribution Law for Molecular Velocities

  9-6 The Boltzmann Distribution Law

  9-7 Deviations of Real Gases from Ideal Behavior

10 Chemical Thermodynamics

  10-1 Heat and Work. Energy and Enthalpy

  10-2 The First Law of Thermodynamics

  10-3 "Heat Capacity. Heats of Fusion, Vaporization, and Transition"

  10-4 Entropy. The Probable State of an Isolated System

  10-5 The Absolute Entropy of a Perfect Gas

  10-6 Reversible and Irreversible Changes in State

  10-7 The Efficiency of a Heat Engine

  10-8 Change in Entropy of Any System with Temperature

  10-9 The Third Law of Thermodynamics

  10-10 The Heat Capacity of Diatomic Gases

  10-11 Quantum States of the Rigid Rotator

  10-12 The Rotational Entropy of Diatomic Gases

  10-13 Quantum States of the Harmonic Oscillator

  10-14 Vibrational States of Diatomic Molecules

  10-15 "Energy, Heat Capacity, and Entropy of a Harmonic Oscillator"

  10-16 The Quantum Theory of Low-temperature Heat Capacity of Crystals

11 Chemical Equilibrium

  11-1 The Thermodynamic Conditon for Chemical Equilibrium

  11-2 The Vapor Pressure of a Liquid or Crystal

  11-3 "Entropy of Transition, Fusion, and Vaporization"

  11-4 Van der Waals Forces. Melting Points and Boiling Points

  11-5 Chemical Equilibrium in Gases

  11-6 Change of Equilibrium with Temperature

  11-7 Equilibrium in Heterogeneous Systems

  11-8 Le Chatelier's Principle

  11-9 The Phase Rule-a Method of Classifying All Systems in Equilibrium

  11-10 The Conditions under Which a Reaction Proceeds to Completion

12 Water

  12-1 The Composition of Water

  12-2 The Water Molecule

  12-3 The Properties of Water

  12-4 The Hydrogen Bond-the Cause of the Unusual Properties of Water

  12-5 The Entropy of Ice

  12-6 The Importance of Water as an Electrolytic Solvent

  12-7 Heavy Water

  12-8 Deviation of Water and Some Other Liquids from Hildebrand's Rule

  12-9 The Dense Forms of Ice

  12-10 The Phase Diagram of Water

13 The Properties of Solutions

  13-1 Types of Solutions. Nomenclature

  13-2 Solubility

  13-3 The Dependence of Solubility on the Nature of Solute and Solvent

  13-4 Solubility of Salts and Hydroxides

  13-5 The Solubility-Product Principle

  13-6 The Solubility of Gases in Liquids: Henry's Law

  13-7 The Freezing Point and Boiling Point of Solution

  13-8 The Vapor Pressure of Solutions: Raoult's Law

  13-9 The Osmotic Pressure of Solutions

  13-10 The Escaping Tendency and the Chemical Potential

  13-11 The Properties of Ionic Solutions

  13-12 Colloidal Solutions

14 Acids and Bases

  14-1 Hydronium-ion (Hydrogen-ion) Concentration

  14-2 The Equilibrium between Hydrogen Ion and Hydroxide Ion in Aqueous Solution

  14-3 Indicators

  14-4 Equivalent Weights of Acids and Bases

  14-5 Week Acids and Bases

  14-6 The Titration of Weak Acids and Bases

  14-7 Buffered Solutions

  14-8 The Strengths of the Oxygen Acids

  14-9 The Solution of Carbonates in Acid; Hard Water

  14-10 The Precipitation of Sulfides

  14-11 Nonaqueous Amphiprotic Solvents

15 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Electrolysis

  15-1 The Electrolytic Decomposition of Molten Salts

  15-2 The Electrolysis of and Aqueous Salt Solution

  15-3 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

  15-4 Quantitative Relations in Electrolysis

  15-5 The Electromotive-force Series of the Elements

  15-6 Equilibrium Constants for Oxidation-Reduction Couples

  15-7 The Dependence of the Elctomotive Force of Cells on Concentration

  15-8 Primary Cells and Storage Cells

  15-9 Electrolytic Production of Elements

  15-10 The Reduction of Ores. Metallurgy

16 The Rate of Chemical Reactions

  16-1 Factors Influencing the Rate of Reactions

  16-2 The Rate of a First-order Reaction at Constant Temperature

  16-3 Reactions of Higher Order

  16-4 Mechanism of Reactions. Dependence of Reaction Rate on Temperature

  16-5 Catalysis

  16-6 Kinetics of Enzyme Reactions

  16-7 Chain Reactions

17 The Nature of Metals and Alloys

  17-1 The Metallic Elements

  17-2 The Structure of Metals

  17-3 The Nature of the Transition Metals

  17-4 The Metallic State

  17-5 Metallic Valence

  17-6 The Free-electron Theory of Metals

  17-7 The Nature of Alloys

  17-8 Experimental Methods of Studying Alloys

  17-9 Interstitial Solid Solutions and Substitutional Solid Solutions

  17-10 Physical Metallurgy

18 "Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, and Silicon and Their Congeners"

  18-1 "The Electronic Structures of Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, and Silicon and Their Congeners"

  18-2 "Radius Ratio, Ligancy, and the Properties of Substances"

  18-3 The Alkali Metals and Their Compounds

  18-4 The Alkaline-earth Metals and Their Compounds

  18-5 Boron

  18-6 "The Boranes, Electron-deficient Substances"

  18-7 Aluminum and Its Congeners

  18-8 Silicon and Its Simpler Compounds

  18-9 Silicon Dioxide

  18-10 Sodium Silicate and other Silicates

  18-11 The Silicate Minerals

  18-12 Glass

  18-13 Cement

  18-14 The Silicones

  18-15 Germanium

  18-16 Tin

  18-17 Lead

19 Inorganic Complexes and the Chemistry of the Transiton Metals

  19-1 The Nature of Inorganic Complexes

  19-2 "Tetrahedral, Octahedral, and Square Bond Orbitals"

  19-3 Ammonia Complexes

  19-4 Cyanide Complexes

  19-5 Complex Halides and Other Complex Ions

  19-6 Hydroxide Complexes

  19-7 Sulfide Complexes

  19-8 The Quantitive Treatment of Complex Formation

  19-9 Polydentate Complexing Agents

  19-10 The Structure and Stability of Carbonyls and Other Covalent Complexes of the Transition Metals

  19-11 Polynuclear Complexes

20 "Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, and the Platinum Metals"

  20-1 "The Electronic Structures and Oxidation States of Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, and the Platinum Metals"

  20-2 Iron

  20-3 Steel

  20-4 Compounds of Iron

  20-5 Cobalt

  20-6 Nickel

  20-7 The Platinum Metals

21 "Copper, Zinc, and Gallium and Their Congeners"

  21-1 "The Electronic Structures and Oxidation States of Copper, Silver, and Gold"

  21-2 "The Properties of Copper, Silver, and Gold"

  21-3 The Compounds of Copper

  21-4 The Compounds of Silver

  21-5 Photochemistry and Photography

  21-6 The Compounds of Gold

  21-7 Color and Mixed Oxidation States

  21-8 "The Properties and Uses of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury"

  21-9 Compounds of Zinc and Cadmium

  21-10 Compounds of Mercury

  21-11 "Gallium, Indium, and Thallium"

22 "Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, and Manganese and Their Congeners"

  22-1 "The Electronic Structures of Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, and Manganese and Their Congeners"

  22-2 "Titanium, Zirconium, Hafnium, and Thorium"

  22-3 "Vanadium, Niobium, Tantalum, and Protactinium"

  22-4 Superconductivity

  22-5 Chromium

  22-6 The Congeners of Chromium

  22-7 Managanese

  22-8 Acid-forming and Base-forming Oxides and Hydroxides

  22-9 The Congeners of Manganese

23 Organic Chemistry

  23-1 The Nature and Extent of Organic Chemistry

  23-2 Petroleum and the Hydrocarbons

  23-3 Alcohols and Phenols

  23-4 Aldehydes and Ketones

  23-5 The Organic Acids and Their Esters

  23-6 Amines and Other Organic Compounds of Nitrogen

  23-7 "Carbohydrates, Sugars, Polysaccharides"

  23-8 Fibers and Plastics

24 Biochemistry

  24-1 The Nature of Life

  24-2 The Structure of Living Organisms

  24-3 Amino Acids and Protiens

  24-4 Nucleic Acids. The Chemistry of Heredity

  24-5 Metabolic Processes. Enzymes and Their Action

  24-6 Vitamins

  24-7 Hormones

  24-8 Chemistry and Medicine

25 The Chemistry of the Fundamental Particles

  25-1 The Classification of the Fundemental Particles

  25-2 The Discovery of the Fundemental Particles

  25-3 The Forces between Nucleons. Strong Interactions

  25-4 The Structure of Nucleons

  25-5 Leptons and Antileptons

  25-6 Mesons and Antimesons

  25-7 Baryons and Antibaryons

  25-8 The Decay Reactions of the Fundemental Particles

  25-9 Strangeness (Xenicity)

  25-10 Resonance Particles and Complexes

  25-11 The Structure of the Fundamental Particles. Quarks

  25-12 "Positronium, Muonium, Mesonic Atoms"

26 Nuclear Chemistry

  26-1 Natural Radioactivity

  26-2 The Age of the Earth

  26-3 Artificial Radioactivity

  26-4 The Kinds of Nuclear Reactions

  26-5 The Use of Radioactive Elements as Tracers

  26-6 Dating Objects by Use of Carbon

  26-7 The Properties of Nucleides

  26-8 The Shell Model of Nuclear Structure

  26-9 The Helion-Triton Model

  26-10 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion


  I. Units of Measurement

  II. Values of Some Physical and Chemical Constants

  III. Symmetry of Molecules and Crystals

  IV. X-rays and Crystal Structure

  V. Hydrogenlike Orbitals

  VI. Russel-Saunders States of Atoms Allowed by the Pauli Exclusion Principle

  VII. Hybrid Bond Orbitals

  VIII. Bond Energy and Bond-dissociation Energy

  IX. The Vapor Pressure of Water

  X. An Alternitive Derivation of the Boltzmann Distribution Law

  XI. The Boltzmann Dristribution Law in Classical Mechanics

  XII. The Entropy of a Perfect Gas

  XIII. Electric Polarizabilities and Electric Dipole Moments

  XIV. The Magnetic Properties of Substances

  XV. Values of Thermodynamic Properties of Some Substances at 25°C and 1 atm

  XVI. Selected Readings

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Product Details

Pauling, Linus
Dover Publications
New York :
Chemistry - General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Dover Books on Chemistry
Series Volume:
Publication Date:
8.5 x 5.38 in 2.25 lb

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General Chemistry 3RD Edition Used Trade Paper
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Product details 992 pages Dover Publications - English 9780486656229 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by ,
Revised third edition of classic first-year text by Nobel laureate. Covers atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems.
"Synopsis" by ,
Extensive revised and updated third edition of classic first-year text by Nobel Laureate. Atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics correlated with descriptive chemistry. Problems. 75 pages of appendixes. Hailed by Choice as "an excellent text, highly recommended."

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