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Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change

by

Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Whenever a volcano threatens to erupt, scientists and adventurers from around the world flock to the site in response to the irresistible allure of one of nature's most dangerous and unpredictable phenomena. In a unique book probing the science and mystery of these fiery features, the authors chronicle not only their geologic behavior but also their profound effect on human life. From Mount Vesuvius to Mount St. Helens, the book covers the surprisingly large variety of volcanoes, the subtle to conspicuous signs preceding their eruptions, and their far-reaching atmospheric consequences. Here scientific facts take on a very human dimension, as the authors draw upon actual encounters with volcanoes, often through firsthand accounts of those who have witnessed eruptions and miraculously survived the aftermath.

The book begins with a description of the lethal May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens--complete with an explanation of how safety officials and scientists tried to predict events, and how unsuspecting campers and loggers miles away struggled against terrifying blasts of ash, stone, and heat. The story moves quickly to the ways volcanoes have enhanced our lives, creating mineral-rich land, clean thermal energy, and haunting landscapes that in turn benefit agriculture, recreation, mining, and commerce. Religion and psychology embroider the account, as the authors explore the impact of volcanoes on the human psyche through tales of the capricious volcano gods and attempts to appease them, ranging from simple homage to horrific ritual sacrifice.

Volcanoes concludes by assisting readers in experiencing these geological phenomena for themselves. An unprecedented "tourist guide to volcanoes" outlines over forty sites throughout the world. Not only will travelers find information on where to go and how to get there, they will also learn what precautions to take at each volcano. Tourists, amateur naturalists, and armchair travelers alike will find their scientific curiosity whetted by this informative and entertaining book.

Synopsis:

Probing the science and mystery of volcanoes, this book chronicles not only their geologic behaviour, but also their profound effect on human life. The book covers the surprisingly large variety of volcanoes, the signs preceding eruptions and the far-reaching atmospheric consequences.

Synopsis:

"Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change provides a vivid treatment of the whole breadth of volcanology, encompassing everything from disastrous eruptions to the volcanic soils that provide fine wines in many parts of the world. This is the best popular book on volcanology available today, written by authors who bring to their text the authority of careers spent at the leading edge of their research field."--Peter W. Francis, author of Volcanoes: A Planetary Perspective

Synopsis:

Whenever a volcano threatens to erupt, scientists and adventurers from around the world flock to the site in response to the irresistible allure of one of nature's most dangerous and unpredictable phenomena. In a unique book probing the science and mystery of these fiery features, the authors chronicle not only their geologic behavior but also their profound effect on human life. From Mount Vesuvius to Mount St. Helens, the book covers the surprisingly large variety of volcanoes, the subtle to conspicuous signs preceding their eruptions, and their far-reaching atmospheric consequences. Here scientific facts take on a very human dimension, as the authors draw upon actual encounters with volcanoes, often through firsthand accounts of those who have witnessed eruptions and miraculously survived the aftermath.

The book begins with a description of the lethal May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens--complete with an explanation of how safety officials and scientists tried to predict events, and how unsuspecting campers and loggers miles away struggled against terrifying blasts of ash, stone, and heat. The story moves quickly to the ways volcanoes have enhanced our lives, creating mineral-rich land, clean thermal energy, and haunting landscapes that in turn benefit agriculture, recreation, mining, and commerce. Religion and psychology embroider the account, as the authors explore the impact of volcanoes on the human psyche through tales of the capricious volcano gods and attempts to appease them, ranging from simple homage to horrific ritual sacrifice.

Volcanoes concludes by assisting readers in experiencing these geological phenomena for themselves. An unprecedented "tourist guide to volcanoes" outlines over forty sites throughout the world. Not only will travelers find information on where to go and how to get there, they will also learn what precautions to take at each volcano. Tourists, amateur naturalists, and armchair travelers alike will find their scientific curiosity whetted by this informative and entertaining book.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. IVolcanoes and Eruptions1
Ch. 1Politicians and Volcanoes3
A Modern Tragedy: Mount St. Helens7
Ch. 2Why Do Volcanoes Erupt?29
From the Tiny Molecule, Giants Grow34
Volcano Country38
Ch. 3Volcanoes and Eruptions41
Types of Volcanoes43
Volcanic Eruptions48
Two Eruption Types53
Ch. 4Poseidon and Pluto: Water and Volcanoes65
Bikini and the Base Surge69
Taal Volcano71
Maar Volcanoes and Cinder Cones73
A Little-Known Frontier: Volcanic Eruptions under the Sea77
Pt. IIThe Hazards of Volcanoes87
Ch. 5Volcanic Hurricanes89
What Happens inside a Pyroclastic Flow?94
What Goes Up Must Come Down95
Mount Unzen and Merapi95
Firecloud Rock: A Detective Story102
Calderas and Pyroclastic Flows105
Volcanism after a Caldera Collapse111
World War II and the Battle for a Caldera111
Ch. 6Falling Volcanoes and Floods of Mud115
A Mountain Fell117
Debris Avalanches and Slides beneath the Sea123
Volcanic Debris Flows (Lahars)123
Potential Destruction from Mount Rainier129
Ch. 7Lava Flows133
Stopping a Lava Flow137
Interrupting a Lava Flow139
The 1991-1992 Eruption of Mount Etna140
Lava Put to Use142
A Ride on a Lava Flow144
Ch. 8Never Sail through an Eruption Cloud147
A Sailing Ship and a Jet149
Other Encounters with Ash Clouds153
Jetliners155
Ash and Aircraft Safety157
Ch. 9The Breath of Volcanoes163
Effects of Volcanic Gases165
The Year without a Summer170
Pt. IIIMyths and Benefits of Volcanoes175
Ch. 10Sometimes the Gods Are Angry177
Volcanoes Assault the Senses179
Changing Ideas from Old to New181
Thera (Santorini): Its Influence on the Modern World182
Volcanoes and the Underworld187
Divine Intervention189
The Making of a Myth194
The Emergence of Volcanology as a Science196
Science and Modern Ritual197
Ch. 11Volcanoes for Consumers199
Skiing and Hot Baths201
Construction Materials and Kitty Litter202
The Grand Tour211
Modern Volcano Tourism214
Ch. 12Volcanic Treasures: Steam, Gold, and Diamonds217
Steam219
Oil and Volcanoes Don't Mix ... or Do They?224
Volcanoes and Prospectors' Dreams225
Volcanic Gemstones227
Ch. 13From Ashes Grow the Vines231
The Allure of Volcanoes237
Fertility and Rebirth240
Recovery from Vulcan's Devastation241
Ch. 14Volcanic Rocks: Guardians of History245
Volcanic Ash: The Nearly Perfect Preservative247
Human Origins in the Ethiopian Rift248
Preserving Historic Cultures251
Pt. IVLiving near Volcanoes259
Ch. 15Mitigation and Survival261
Assessing the Hazards: The Pulse of Volcanoes266
What Is a Disaster?268
The Lesson of Armero272
Mount Pinatubo: A Success Story275
Volcanologists on the Front Lines279
Dante and the Volcano284
Appendix 1The Volcano Traveler287
Appendix 2Metric Conversion Table312
Index313

Product Details

ISBN:
9780691002491
Editor:
Morris, A. K.
Author:
Heiken, Grant
Author:
Hulen, Jeffrey
Author:
Fisher
Author:
Richard V.
Author:
Fisher, Richard V.
Author:
Hulen, Jeffrey B.
Author:
Morris, A. K.
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Location:
Princeton, N.J.
Subject:
Geology
Subject:
Geophysics
Subject:
Volcanoes
Subject:
Earth Sciences - Geology
Subject:
Earthquakes & Volcanoes
Subject:
Earth Sciences
Subject:
History of Science and Medicine, Philosophy of Science
Subject:
Geological Science
Subject:
Physics
Copyright:
Edition Description:
Trade paper
Series Volume:
07-95.
Publication Date:
September 1998
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Illustrations:
85 halftones 46 line illus. 13 tables
Pages:
336
Dimensions:
9 x 6 in 17 oz

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Related Subjects

Science and Mathematics » Geology » Earth Sciences
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Science and Mathematics » Geology » General
Science and Mathematics » Geology » Geophysics
Science and Mathematics » Mathematics » General
Science and Mathematics » Physics

Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change New Trade Paper
0 stars - 0 reviews
$34.25 In Stock
Product details 336 pages Princeton University Press - English 9780691002491 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , Probing the science and mystery of volcanoes, this book chronicles not only their geologic behaviour, but also their profound effect on human life. The book covers the surprisingly large variety of volcanoes, the signs preceding eruptions and the far-reaching atmospheric consequences.
"Synopsis" by , "Volcanoes: Crucibles of Change provides a vivid treatment of the whole breadth of volcanology, encompassing everything from disastrous eruptions to the volcanic soils that provide fine wines in many parts of the world. This is the best popular book on volcanology available today, written by authors who bring to their text the authority of careers spent at the leading edge of their research field."--Peter W. Francis, author of Volcanoes: A Planetary Perspective
"Synopsis" by , Whenever a volcano threatens to erupt, scientists and adventurers from around the world flock to the site in response to the irresistible allure of one of nature's most dangerous and unpredictable phenomena. In a unique book probing the science and mystery of these fiery features, the authors chronicle not only their geologic behavior but also their profound effect on human life. From Mount Vesuvius to Mount St. Helens, the book covers the surprisingly large variety of volcanoes, the subtle to conspicuous signs preceding their eruptions, and their far-reaching atmospheric consequences. Here scientific facts take on a very human dimension, as the authors draw upon actual encounters with volcanoes, often through firsthand accounts of those who have witnessed eruptions and miraculously survived the aftermath.

The book begins with a description of the lethal May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens--complete with an explanation of how safety officials and scientists tried to predict events, and how unsuspecting campers and loggers miles away struggled against terrifying blasts of ash, stone, and heat. The story moves quickly to the ways volcanoes have enhanced our lives, creating mineral-rich land, clean thermal energy, and haunting landscapes that in turn benefit agriculture, recreation, mining, and commerce. Religion and psychology embroider the account, as the authors explore the impact of volcanoes on the human psyche through tales of the capricious volcano gods and attempts to appease them, ranging from simple homage to horrific ritual sacrifice.

Volcanoes concludes by assisting readers in experiencing these geological phenomena for themselves. An unprecedented "tourist guide to volcanoes" outlines over forty sites throughout the world. Not only will travelers find information on where to go and how to get there, they will also learn what precautions to take at each volcano. Tourists, amateur naturalists, and armchair travelers alike will find their scientific curiosity whetted by this informative and entertaining book.

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