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Surveillance as Social Sorting: Privacy, Risk and Automated Discriminationby David Lyon
Synopses & Reviews
Surveillance happens to all of us, everyday, as we walk beneath street cameras, swipe cards, surf the net. Agencies are using increasingly sophisticated computer systems - especially searchable databases - to keep tabs on us at home, work and play. Once the word surveillance was reserved for police activities and intelligence gathering, now it is an unavoidable feature of everyday life.
Surveillance as Social Sorting proposes that surveillance is not simply a contemporary threat to individual freedom, but that, more insidiously, it is a powerful means of creating and reinforcing long-term social differences. As practiced today, it is actually a form of social sorting - a means of verifying identities but also of assessing risks and assigning worth. Questions of how categories are constructed therefore become significant ethical and political questions.
Bringing together contributions from North America and Europe, Surveillance as Social Sorting offers an innovative approach to the interaction between societies and their technologies. It looks at a number of examples in depth and will be an appropriate source of reference for a wide variety of courses.
Where there are advanced information structures, especially searchable databases, there are surveillance societies. This work examines aspects of surveillance processes with a view to showing what constitutes them, why the growth of surveillance is accelerating and what is really at stake.
This book examines some crucial aspects of surveillance processes with a view to showing what constitutes them, why the growth of surveillance is accelerating and what is really at stake personally and politically. It scrutinizes individual surveillance systems - CCTV, biometrics, intelligent transportation systems, smart cards, on-line profiling - and discusses their implications for our future. "Surveillance as Social Sorting" is a fascinating contribution to a relatively new field - surveillance studies.
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History and Social Science » Ethnic Studies » Racism and Ethnic Conflict