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Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germanyby Robert Gellately
Synopses & Reviews
Debate still rages over how much ordinary Germans knew about the concentration camps and the Gestapo's activities during Hitler's reign. Now, in this well-documented and provocative volume, historian Robert Gellately argues that the majority of German citizens had quite a clear picture of the extent of Nazi atrocities, and continued to support the Reich to the bitter end.
Culling chilling evidence from primary news sources and citing dozens of case studies, Gellately shows how media reports and press stories were an essential dimension of Hitler's popular dictatorship. Indeed, a vast array of material on the concentration camps, the violent campaigns against social outsiders, and the Nazis' radical approaches to "law and order" was published in the media of the day, and was widely read by a highly literate population of Germans. Hitler, Gellately reveals, did not try to hide the existence of the Gestapo or of concentration camps. Nor did the Nazis try to cow the people into submission. Instead they set out to win converts by building on popular images, cherished ideals, and long-held phobias. And their efforts succeeded, Gellately concludes, for the Gestapo's monstrous success was due, in large part, to ordinary German citizens who singled out suspected "enemies" in their midst, reporting their suspicions and allegations freely and in a spirit of cooperation and patriotism.
Extensively documented, highly readable and illustrated with never-before-published photographs, Backing Hitler convincingly debunks the myth that Nazi atrocities were carried out in secret. From the rise of the Third Reich well into the final, desperate months of the war, the destruction of innocent lives was inextricably linked to the will of the German people.
Book News Annotation:
The German people's knowledge of and complicity in all aspects of the Nazi agenda are the subject of this powerful study. Gellately (Holocaust history, Clark U., US) studied newspaper accounts and other archives to assess the popularity of the Nazi leaders and the degree to which Germans were informed of the widespread use of concentration camps and what happened to those sent there. The use of slavery, executions, imprisonment, and the mass executions at the end of the Third Reich are described with attention to the propaganda used, and often accepted, against those the Nazis wished to cleanse from society. This is a paperbound edition of a 2001 book.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Hitler won support even as he established the Gestapo and concentration camps. What has been in dispute is exactly what the Germans knew about these camps, and how they were involved. The author traces the story from 1933, and shows how war and the prospect of defeat radicalized Nazism.
About the Author
Robert Gellately is the Strassler Professor in Holocaust History at Clark University, and is the author of The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945. He lives in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts.
Table of Contents
1. Turning away from Weimar
2. Police Justice
3. Concentration Camps and Media Reports
4. Shadows of War
5. Social Outsiders
6. Injustice and the Jews
7. Special "Justice" for Foreign Workers
8. Enemies in the Ranks
9. Concentration Camps in Public Spaces
10. Dictatorship and People at the End of the Third Reich
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History and Social Science » Military » World War II » General