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Fascism (95 Edition)


Fascism (95 Edition) Cover


Synopses & Reviews

Please note that used books may not include additional media (study guides, CDs, DVDs, solutions manuals, etc.) as described in the publisher comments.

Publisher Comments:

No political ideology has had a greater impact on modern history, or caused more intellectual controversy, than fascism. It has been identified with totalitarianism, state terror, fanaticism, orchestrated violence, and blind obedience, and was directly associated with the horrors of the Second World War, which left more than 40 million dead and introduced inconceivable notions of inhumanity. The mere mention of the term today evokes visions of atrocities and ineffable cruelty. Yet, the end of the twentieth century appears to have spawned a renewed interest in fascism, suggesting that it is time for us to examine our understanding of its ideas, ideals, and inequities.

Edited by Roger Griffin, described as 'the premier theorist {of fascism} of the younger generation' (Contemporary European History), this important Oxford Reader demonstrates why fascism strongly appeals to many people, and how dangerous the result of this fascination may be. It includes a wide selection of texts written by fascist thinkers and propagandists, as well as by prominent anti-fascists from both inside and outside Europe, before and after the Second World War. Included are texts on fascism in Germany and Italy, on the abortive pre-1945 fascisms in more than a dozen countries around the world, on reactions to fascism, and on post-war and contemporary fascism. With contributions from writers as diverse as Benito Mussolini and Primo Levi, Joseph Goebbels and George Orwell, Martin Heidegger and Max Horkheimer, this compelling anthology provides insight into the depths and breadths of the destructive repercussions of fascist ideology. In no other volume will students of political theory, history, sociology, and psychology have access to such a compendium of key texts on this simultaneoulsy intriguing and frightening political force.


Volume eight continues the annual publication of this series providing up-to-date and authoritative reviews of physiological, cellular, and molecular problems in human and mammalian reproduction.


Includes bibliographical references (p. [393]-396) and index.

About the Author

Roger Griffin is the author of several studies of fascism, including The Nature of Fascism (1991, 1993), and contributor to Contemporary Political Ideologies (1993). He is Principal Lecturer in the Department of History at Oxford Brookes University.

Table of Contents

General Introduction



A. Fascism as an Oppostion Movement


i. Pre-1918 Tributaries of Fascism

1. The War as a Source of National Renewal, Giovanni Papini

2. The War as a Proletarian Cause, Revolutionary Syndicalism

3. The War as the Catharsis of Italian Society, Filippo T. Marinetti

4. The War as a Revolutionary Event, Benito Mussolini

5. 'Trenchocracy', Benito Mussolini

6. The Futurist Vision of the New Italy, Political Futurism

7. From the Old Italy to the New, Alfredo Rocco

8. The War as the Midwife of a New Italian People, Roberto Farinacci

ii Fascism in Opposition 23 March 1918 - 27 October 1922

9. San Sepulcro Fascism, Benito Mussolini

10. The Regency of Fiume as the Harbinger of the New Italy, Gabriele D'Annunzio and Alceste De Ambris

11. The Nationalist Blueprint for a New Italy, The Italian Nationalist Association

12. The Squadistri as the Revolutionaries of the New Italy, Mario Piazzesi

13. Fascism as the Victory of the New Italy, Luigi Federzoni

14. The Incorporation of the Peasantry into the Italian Nation, Benito Mussolini

15. Fascism's Myth: The Nation, Benito Mussolini

iii. The Coalition Government 30 October 1922 - 3 January 1925

16. A Futurist Portrait of the New Prime Minister of Italy, Filippo T. Marinetti

17. The New State Born of Syndicalism and Statism, Sergio Panunzio

18. Fascism's European Mission, Curzio Malaparte

19. The End of the Liberal Regime, Benito Mussolini

B. Fascism in Power January 1925-April 1945


i. The Formative Years of the 'Totalitarian' Regime January 1925-February 1929

20. Fascism as a Total Conception of Life, Giovanni Gentile

21. Fascist Mysticism, Italian Fasci Abroad

22. Fascism as the Creator of the Third Italian Civilization, Benito Mussolini

23. The Leader as the Voice of the Reborn Race, Augusto Turati

24. The Strength in Numbers, Benito Mussolini

25. The Anti-Modernist Aesthetic of Strapaese, Mino Maccari

26. The Modernist Aesthetic of Novecento, Marco Bontempelli

27. The University as the Incubator of a Fascist Elite, Giuseppe Bottai

28. The Achievements of the Fascist Revolution, Benito Mussolini

ii The Period of Consolidation 1930-1934

29. Towards a Fascist Europe, Asvero Gravelli

30. The Role of Youth under Fascism, Giovanni Giurati

31. Fascist Corporativism as the Key to a New International Order, Ugo Spirito

32. Mussolini's Century, Giuseppe Bottai

33. Going to the People, Achille Starace

34. The Birth of a New Civilization, Benito Mussolini

iii Imperialist Expansion and Alignment with Nazism 1935-1939

35. The Vital Need for Empire, Benito Mussolini

36. Two Marching Songs of Fascist Soldiers Abroad

(a) From the Abyssinian Campaign

(b) From the Spanish Campaign

37. The Autarkic Mentality and the New Fascist Order, Edmondo Rossoni

38. Blood Brothers: Fascism and Nazism, Benito Mussolini

39. The Introduction of Fascist Racial Policy, Gioacchino Volpe

iv Fascism at War 1940-1943

40. People of Italy! Run to your Arms!, Benito Mussolini

41. Safeguarding Europe's Birthright against the Jewish Conspiracy, Alfredo Cioffi

42. The New Europe which will Arise from the Axis Victory, Carlo Costamagna

v The Italian Socialist Republic 1943-1945

43. Fascism Reborn, The Fascist Republican Party

44. The Greatest Massacre of All Time: Democracy, Benito Mussolini

45. What Might Have Been: Axis Europe, Benito Mussolini



A. German Fascism before the Nazi Seizure of Power


i Pre-1914 Precursors of German Fascism

46. The Redemptive Mission of German Culture, Richard Wagner

47. The Need to Transcend Liberalism, Paul De LaGarde

48. The Rebirth of German Genius, Julius Langbehn

49. Planting the New Reich, Stefan George

50. The Need for the Nation to be Healed, Theodor Fritsch

ii Non-Nazi German Fascisms

51. The Resurgence of the West, Otto Dickel

52. The Eternal German Reich, Arthur Moeller Van Den Bruck

53. The Organic German Nation, Edgar Jung

54. The Great War: Father of a New Age, Ernst Junger

55. The Germany of the Freikorps, Ernst Von Salomon

56. The Emergence of a New Type of Human Being, Ernst Junger

57. The Prussian Spirit: Salvation of the White Race, Oswald Spengler

58. The German Knight as the Key to Europe's Recovery, Otto Strasser

iii Nazism before 1933

59. The Mission of the Nazi Movement, Adolf Hitler

60. Barren Trees, Franz Pfeffer Von Salomon

61. 'Christ-Socailism', Joseph Goebbels

62. Let there be Light, Gottfried Feder

63. Motherhood and Warriorhood as the Key to a National Socialism, Gregor Strasser

64. Nordic Thinking and the German Rebirth, Hans F.K. Gunther

65. Breeding a New Nobility, R. Walther Darre

66. The New Human Synthesis, E. Gunther Grundel

B. German Fascism in Power 1933-1945


i The Establishment of the Third Reich 1933-1935

67. German Rebirth, Alfred Rosenberg

68. The Third Reich as Savior of the West, Hermann Goering

69. The Total Revolution of National Socialism, Joseph Goebbels

70. The New Breed of German, Gottfried Benn

71. The New German Woman, Paula Siber

72. The Legal Basis of the Total State, Carl Schmitt

73. The Place of Art in Germany's Political Reawakening, Adolf Hitler

ii The Period of Consultation 1936-1939

74. Soldierly Economics, Werner Daitz

75. The Joy of the National Socialist Economy, Robert Ley

76. The Expansionary Spirit of a Rejuvenated People, Paul Ritter

77. Nazism's World Crusade against the Jews, Hammer Press

78. The Divine Mission of the SS, Heinrich Himmler

79. The Role of Youth in Perpetuating the Third Reich, Willi F. Konitzer

80. The Successful Cleansing of German Culture, Helmuth Langenbucher

81. National Socialism as the Custodian of European Being, Martin Heidegger

82. The Third Reich as the Cure for the European Sickness, Christoph Steding

iii The Third Reich at War 1939-1945

83. The New European Order, Paul Herre

84. A National Socialist Common Market, Hans S. V. Heister

85. Improving the Stock, Walter Gross

86. The True Meaning of the War, Joseph Goebbels

87. The Ultimate Turning-Point: Total War, Robert Ley

88. Moral Dilemmas, Heinrich Himmler

89. Heimat, Schwarzes Korps

90. The Rebirth of National Socialism, Adolf Hitler



A. European Fascisms

i. Britain

91. Christ, Nietzsche, and Caesar, Oswald Mosley

92. Towards a Fascist Europe, Oswald Mosley

93. A Corporate Britain, Alexander Raven Thomson

94. Britain Awake!, E.D. Randell

95. A Spiritual Typhus, Arthur Kenneth Chesterton

96. Hitler Shows the Way, William Joyce

ii Ireland

97. The New Corporate Ireland, Eoin O'Duffy

iii Spain

98 Ramiro Ledesma Ramos. The Voice of Spain

99. Total Feeling, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera

100. Bread and Justice, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera

101. A New Breed of Spaniards, Antonio Vallejo-Nagera

iv Portugal

102. The Wind of Change, Rolao Preto

103. Ersatz Fascism, Rolao Preto

v France

104. Empty Portfolios, George Valois

105. Saving France, Jacques Doriot

106. The European Revolution and the New State, Marcel Deat

107. The Rebirth of European Man, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle

vi Belgium

108. The Revolution of Souls, Leon Degrelle

109. Fascism's Century, Jose Streel

vii Norway

110. The Nordic Revival, Vidkun Quisling

111. A Greater Norway, Vidkun Quisling

viii Finland

112. The Battle for the New Finland, Lapua

113. The Revolution of the Finnish Heart, Elias Simojoki

ix Estonia

114. A New Estonia, Evl

x Latvia

115. A Latvian Latvia, Gustavs Celmin

xi Romania

116. The Romanian Legionary's Mission in Spain, Ion Mota

117. The Resurrection of the Race, Corneliu Codreanu

xii Hungary

118. Hungarism, Ferenc Szalasi

B. Non-European Fascisms

i. South Africa

119. The Reawakening of the Boerevolk, Ossewabrandwag

ii Chile

120. Chilean Action and National Regeneration, Carlos Keller

121. The Soul of the Race, Jorge Gonalez

iii Brazil

122. A Fourth Era of Humanity Dawns, Plinio Salgado

123. The Soul of the Nation Awakens, Plinio Salgado

iv Japan

124. The Need for a Totalitarian Japan, Nakano Seigo

125. Write Your Own Mein Kampf, Nakano Seigo



A. Reactions to Fascism 1920-1945


i Ambivalent or Positive Reactions to the Spread of Fascism

126. Black Sheep, Vilfredo Pareto

127. A Plague of Amateur Mussolinis, Kenneth Roberts

128. A Sunny Disposition, Robert Michels

129. The Italian Volksstaat, Johann W. Mannhardt

130. The Italian Experiment, Erwin von Beckerath

131. To Each Country its Own Fascism, James Strachey Barnes

132. The Makers of Europe, Giuseppe Borgese

133. A Sense of Humor, Sir Charles Petrie

134. A Bad Good Thing, H.G. Wells

ii Interpretations of Fascism by Marxists

135. Three Comintern Responses to Fascism

(a) Opening the Door to Fascism

(b) White Terror

(c) Fruit of the Womb

136. Erroneous Definitions, Palmiro Togliatti

137. The Purging Fires of Fascism, R. Palme Dutt

138. The Return of the Dark Ages, E. J. Strachey

iii Democratic Critiques of Fascism

139. Tribal Loyalties, G.D.H. and M.I. Cole

140. Dragon's Teeth, R.A. Brady

141. The Hopeless Task, Karl Polanyi

142. Rabbits Ruled by Stoats, George Orwell

143. Black Magic, Peter Drucker

144. The Iron Heel, Max Horkheimer

iv Four Wartime Analyses of Fascism

145. Forcing Elephants into Foxholes, Wilhelm Reich

146. The Fear of Freedom, Erich Fromm

147. Market Forces, Harold Laski

148. Rationalism Debunked, Talcott Parsons

B. Post-War Judgements on Fascism


i Some Approaches to Fascism

149. Paradigms of Fascism, Bernt Hagtvet and Stein Larsen

a. Marxist Approaches

150. The View From Moscow, A Soviet Political Dictionary

151 Joachim Petzold. The View from East Germany

152. The View of a Western Marxist, Martin Kitchen

b. Fascism as the Product of Structural Forces

153. Extremism of the Centre, Seymour M. Lipset

154. Defective Nation-Building, Bernt Hagtvet and Stein Rokkan

155. Redemptive Potential, Geoffrey Eley

c. Psycho-Historical Approaches

156. Fear and Destructiveness, The Frankfurt School

157. Making Sense, Gerald M. Platt

158. Raising the Dead, Klaus Theweleit

d. Modernization Theories

159. Blood and Death, Barrington Moore

160. Utopian Anti-Modernism, Henry A. Turner Jun

161. Fascist Modernity, Emilio Gentile

ii Some Individual Theories of the Fascist Minimum

162. Resisting Transcendence, Ernst Nolte

163. The Total Charismatic Community, A. James Gregor

164. The Latecomer, Juan B. Linz

165. Verbal Revolutionarism, Renzo de Felice

166. A Mulish Concept, Gilbert Allardyce

167. A Third Way, George L. Mosse

168. A New Nationalist Authoritarian State, Stanley Payne

160. A New Civilization, Zeev Sternhell

170. The New Synthesis, Roger Eatwell



i Verdicts on the 'Fascist Era' from Veteran Fascists

171. Fascism: Myth and Reality, Julius Evola

172. The Third Reich: The Triumph of the Demagogues, Ernst Niekisch

173. Lenin was Right, Maurice Bardeche

174. The Ideals of the Fascist Era, Leon Degrelle

175. The Lunacy of Fascism and Nazism, Arthur Kenneth Chesterton

176. Hubris and Miscalculation, Oswald Mosley

ii Discourses of Post-War Fascism

(a) Universal Nazism

177. The Revival of National Socialism, Colin Jordan

178. A Racist Catechism, The West European Foundation

179. How to Save Europe, Guy Amaudruz

(b) Holocaust Denial

180. The Miracle of the Telephone Box, Leon Degrelle

181. A Monumental Lie, Thies Christophersen

182. An Ever-Flowing River, John Day

(c) Historical Revisionism

183. The Bicycle Thief, David Irving

184. Laying it on the Line, David Irving

185. From Class War to Race War, Ernst Nolte

186. Truth and Fiction, Gerhard Frey

(d) Eurofascism

187. The European Revolution, The Malmo Manifesto

188. The True Europe's Revolt against the Modern World, Juliys Evola

189. Europe a Nation, Oswald Mosley

(e) The New Right

190. Regenerating History, Alain de Benoist

191. The Metapolitical Rebirth of Europe, Pierre Krebbs

192. A Breath of Fresh Air, Michael Walker

(f) The Conservative Revolution

193. German Nihilism, Armin Mohler

194. The Will to Modernity of the Conservative Revolution, Louis Dupeux

195. Heroic Realism, Robert Steukers

(g) Third Position

196. The European Genius and the Rediscovery of the Sacred, Adolfo Morganti

197. The Political Soldier and the National Revolution, Derek Holland

198. A Community of Destiny, Groupe Union Defense

iii Contemporary Expressions of Fascism

(a) Ideological Fascism

199. Songs for Europe, Skrewdriver

200. The Immortal Principle, Hartwig Huber

201. The Greening of Nazism, Padraig Cullen

202. Spiritual AIDS, John Tyndall

(b) Militant Fascism

203. Blood, Soil, and Faith, L'Oeuvre Francaise

204. The Cleansing Hurricane, William Pierce

205. Patriots of the World Unite!, Paymat

206. God's Own, Afrikaner-Weerstandsbeweging

207. The Romanian Ethnocratic State, Noua Dreapta

(c) Electoral Fascism

208. Living Stones of the New Spain, Frente Nacional

209. The European Home, Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands

210. Saving the Nation, British National Party

211. For a New Italy, Movimento Sociale Italiano

212. King Kong Meets his Match, Russia's Liberal Democratic Party


213. The Deadly Trunk of Fascism, Primo Levi

Select Bibliography



Product Details

Krzanowski, W. J.
Krzanowski, W. J.
Griffin, Roger
null, Roger
in, Roger
Griffin, Roger
Oxford Paperbacks
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Politics | International Studies
Fascism -- History -- 20th century.
Politics - General
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"Synopsis" by , Volume eight continues the annual publication of this series providing up-to-date and authoritative reviews of physiological, cellular, and molecular problems in human and mammalian reproduction.
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