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The Cycle of Juvenile Justiceby Thomas J. Bernard
Synopses & Reviews
When juvenile violence and crime skyrocketed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, every state in the country responded by significantly altering the jurisdiction, purpose, process, sentencing, and services of their juvenile justice systems. Analyzing the history of juvenile justice over the last two hundred years, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice is an illuminating examination of the patterns in which changes like these play out. This much-needed and timely new edition provides an account of changes in the American juvenile justice system from 1990 to the present, and, by building on and expanding the ideas of the original edition, the authors refine their demonstration of how juvenile justice policy undergoes cycles of reform, alternating between offender-focused and offense-focused policies. All of the material from the previous edition has been revised and updated, and to incorporate recent key developments in juvenile justice, many new chapters have been added . Each of these provides historical context on each change, examining the rhetoric surrounding policies and their implementation, and assesses whether the policy and system changes resulted in a perpetuation of the cycle or represents real progress and reform. Analyzing the best and worst aspects of these policies, as well as the state of the present system, this book will continue to provide a controversial and challenging look at the issues involved in juvenile justice.
The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.
About the Author
Thomas J. Bernard was Professor of Crime, Law, and Justice at Pennsylvania State University.
Megan C. Kurlychek is an Assistant Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University at Albany, SUNY.
Table of Contents
1. Ideas and the Cycle of Juvenile Justice
2. What Stays the Same in History?
3. The Origin of Juvenile Delinquency
4. The Origin of Juvenile Justice: Juvenile Institutions
5. The Origin of Juvenile Justice: The Juvenile Court
6. The Supreme Court and Due Process
7. Adjudication Hearings Today: An Idea That Didn't Sell
9. Youths in the Adult System
10. Juvenile Justice in the 21st Century
11. The Lessons of History Applied Today
12. The End of Juvenile Delinquency?
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