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Other titles in the Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies series:

Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies)

by

Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies) Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status--with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant superpowers nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence.

In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.

Synopsis:

How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status--with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant superpowers nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence.In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.

Synopsis:

Just as a single pot starts with a lump of clay, the study of a pieceand#8217;s history must start with an understanding of its raw materials. This principle is the foundation of Pottery Analysis, the acclaimed sourcebook that has become the indispensable guide for archaeologists and anthropologists worldwide. By grounding current research in the larger history of pottery and drawing together diverse approaches to the study of pottery, it offers a rich, comprehensive view of ceramic inquiry.

This new edition fully incorporates more than two decades of growth and diversification in the fields of archaeological and ethnographic study of pottery. It begins with a summary of the origins and history of pottery in different parts of the world, then examines the raw materials of pottery and their physical and chemical properties. It addresses ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological perspectives on pottery production; reviews the methods of studying potteryand#8217;s physical, mechanical, thermal, mineralogical, and chemical properties; and discusses how proper analysis of artifacts can reveal insights into their culture of origin. Intended for use in the classroom, the lab, and out in the field, this essential text offers an unparalleled basis for pottery research.

Synopsis:

Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography.

About the Author

Prudence M. Rice is distinguished professor emerita in the Department of Anthropology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Boxes

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Note to Instructors

Part 1 Introduction

1 Pottery and Its History

1.1 Pottery and Ceramics: Definitions and Products

1.2 The Earliest Pottery

1.2.1 Pottery Containers: Why Pots?
1.2.1.1 Hunting-Gathering-Foraging-Collecting
1.2.1.2 Hypotheses and Models
1.2.2 Software
1.3 Pottery and Ceramics in the Old World
1.3.1 Eastern Asia
1.3.2 Western Asia/Near East
1.3.3 Africa

1.3.4 Europe and the Mediterranean

1.4 Pottery and Ceramics in the andldquo;Newandrdquo; World
1.4.1 South America

1.4.2 Mesoamerica

1.4.3 North America

1.4.4 Pottery and Ceramics in the Colonial World

Part 2 The Raw Materials of Pottery Making: Perspectives from Chemistry, Geology, and Engineering

2 Clays: Origins and Definitions

2.1 Earth Materials
2.1.1 Rock-Forming Minerals

2.1.2 Weathering and Clay Formation

2.2 Definitions of Clays
2.2.1 Granulometry

2.2.2 Depositional Situation

2.2.3 Chemical Composition

2.2.4 Mineralogy: Phyllosilicates

2.2.4.1 Planar Phyllosilicates

2.2.4.2 Non-planar Phyllosilicates

2.2.5 Commercial Uses
2.3 Functional Definitions
3 Plasticity: The Clay/Water System
3.1 Water, Dipoles, and Ions
3.2 Plasticity
3.2.1 Factors Influencing Plasticity
3.2.1.1 Particle Size and Shape

3.2.1.2 Surface Tension

3.2.1.3 Adsorbed Ions and Rigid Water

3.2.1.4 Clay Mineral Component

3.2.1.5 Deposit Location and Organic Matter

3.2.2 Measuring Plasticity
3.3 Ions and Organics
3.3.1 Ions

3.3.2 Flocculation

3.3.3 Organics

4 Non-clay Constituents
4.1 Coarse Inclusions
4.1.1 Three Common Minerals

4.1.2 Triaxial Bodies

4.2 What Is Temper?
4.2.1 Kinds of Temper

4.2.2 Problems in Terminology

4.3 Distinguishing Naturally Present from Added Substances
4.3.1 Inorganics vs. Organics

4.3.2 Size and Shape

5 Drying and Shrinkage
5.1 Kinds of Water
5.2 Green Strength
5.3 Drying Defects and Causes
5.3.1 Particle Size and Shape

5.3.2 Method of Shaping

5.3.3 Preferred Orientation

5.3.4 Ambient Conditions

5.4 Preheating
6 Changes in Clays with Heat
6.1 Variables: Time, Temperature, and Atmosphere

6.2 Changes at Low Temperatures

6.2.1 Loss of Volatiles
6.2.1.1 Water

6.2.1.2 Organics and Impurities

6.2.2 Shrinkage

6.2.3 Changes in Clay Minerals

6.2.4 Changes in Inclusions

6.3 Changes at High Temperatures
6.3.1 Changes in Mineral Constituents

6.3.2 Sintering and Vitrification

7 Glazes
7.1 Components and Kinds of Glazes

7.2 Colorants

7.3 Firing

Part 3 Behavior: Ethnographic Perspectives on Pottery Making

8 Manufacture

8.1 Obtaining and Preparing Resources
8.1.1 Distance

8.1.2 Modification

8.2 Forming: Techniques and Tools
8.2.1 Hand Building and Molding
8.2.1.1 Hand Building

8.2.1.2 Molding

8.2.2 Supports and Rotational Devices
8.2.3 The Potterandrsquo;s Wheel
8.3 Finishing: Techniques and Tools
8.3.1 Secondary Forming Techniques: Beating and Scraping

8.3.2 Surface Finishing: Smoothing and Texturing

8.3.2.1 Smoothing

8.3.2.2 Texturing

8.4 Drying and Preheating
9 Surface Enhancement
9.1 Penetration or Displacement
9.1.1 Impressing

9.1.2 Cutting

9.2 Additions to the Surface
9.2.1 Appliquandeacute;s

9.2.2 Color and Colorants

9.2.2.1 Painting

9.2.2.2 Slips

9.3 Glaze
10 Firing
10.1 Separated Fuel and Ware: Kiln Firing
10.1.1 Types of Kilns
10.1.2 Firing
10.2 Intermingled Fuel and Ware: Mixed Firing
10.2.1 Time, Temperature, and Atmosphere

10.2.2 Postfiring Treatments

10.3 Economic Realities: Costs and Losses
10.3.1 Problems of Mixed Firing

10.3.2 Problems of Kiln Firing

10.3.3 Fuels and Costs

10.4 Final Considerations
11 Exchange and Household Provisioning
11.1 Distribution: From Producer to Consumer
11.1.1 Reciprocity, Redistribution, Exchange, Trade

11.1.2 Costs and Prices

11.1.3 Cautions in Interpretation

11.2 Consumers: Ceramic Censuses and Household Assemblages
11.2.1 How Many Pots?

11.2.2 Pottery Use-Life

11.2.3 Recycling and Replacement

Part 4 Methods and Measures: Analyzing Archaeological Pottery

12 Methods and Theories

12.1 Theories and Approaches
12.1.1 Experimental Archaeology and Ethnoarchaeology
12.1.2 Technology and Choices

12.1.3 Behavioral Archaeology and Life Histories

12.2 Formation Processes
12.2.1 Discard and Refuse Disposal

12.2.2 Site Assemblages

12.2.2.1 Population and Permanence

12.2.2.2 Some Cautions

13 Classification
13.1 Attributes
13.2 History of Americanist Pottery Classification
13.3 So, What Are Types?
13.4 Kinds of Classifications
13.4.1 Ethnotaxonomy

13.4.2 Devised or Formal Classifications

13.4.3 Form and Form-Based Categorizations

13.4.3.1 Size and Proportions

13.4.3.2 Special Shape Terms

13.4.3.3 Geometric Forms and Contours

13.5 Why Classify Pottery?
14 Characterization
14.1 Historical Background
14.2 Methods

14.3 Research Design: Fieldwork and Field Sampling

14.3.1 Excavation Loci

14.3.2 Recovery and Processing

14.3.3 Collecting Resources

14.4 Interpretation
15 Quantification and Sampling Collections
15.1 Quantification
15.1.1 Counts and Measurements

15.1.2 Statistical Analysis

15.1.3 Sherds to Pots

15.2 Sampling
15.2.1 Sampling Pottery Collections

15.2.2 Selecting Individual Sherds

15.2.3 Sampling for Characterization

15.2.3.1 Research Question: The Basics
15.2.3.2 Considering Methods
15.2.4 Sampling for Chemical Compositional Analysis
16 Color
16.1 Human Perception of Color

16.2 Sources of Pottery Color and Its Variability

16.2.1 Organic Matter

16.2.2 Iron Compounds

16.2.3 Other Colorants

16.3 Measuring Color

16.4 What Are Color Measurements Used For?

17 Mineral and Chemical Composition
17.1 Mineral Analysis
17.1.1 Petrographic Characterization

17.1.2 X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)

17.2 Chemical Analysis
17.2.1 Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA)

17.2.2 Laser Ablationandndash;Inductively Coupled Plasmaandndash;Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS)

17.2.3 X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF)

17.2.4 Proton-Induced X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy (PIXE)

18 Physical and Mechanical Properties
18.1 Properties, Microstructure, and Stresses
18.1.1 Microstructure

18.1.2 Physical and Mechanical Stresses

18.2 Hardness and Strength
18.2.1 Hardness

18.2.2 Strength

18.3 Permeability and Porosity
18.3.1 Pores

18.3.2 Permeability

18.3.3 Porosity and Density

18.3.4 Additional Considerations

18.4 Cracks and Failure

18.5 Relations to Use

19 Thermal Behavior
19.1 Thermal Properties
19.2 Thermal Stresses and Shock
19.3 Stress and Shock Resistance
19.3.1 Intrinsic Properties

19.3.2 Microstructure

19.3.3 Shape and Design

19.4 Modifying Thermal Behavior
Part 5 Research Questions and Problems: Interpreting Archaeological Pottery

20 Production I: Location

20.1 Physical Indicators
20.1.1 Artifactual Indicators

20.1.2 Spatial Indicators

20.2 Provenience/Provenance
20.2.1 Compositional Analyses

20.2.2 Confounding Factors

20.2.2.1 Analytic Confounding Issues

20.2.2.2 Behavioral Confounding Issues

21 Production II: Organization
21.1 Mode, Scale, and Intensification
21.1.1 Mode of Production

21.1.2 Scale of Production

21.1.3 Intensification and Specialization

21.1.4 Mode, Scale, Intensification, and Complexity

21.2 Specialization
21.2.1 Types and Models of Specialized Production
21.2.1.1 Producer Specialization

21.2.1.2 Community Specialization

21.2.1.3 Resource Specialization

21.2.1.4 Product Specialization

21.2.2 Multicrafting
22 Production III: The Products
22.1 Attribute Variability and Specialization
22.1.1 Standardization

22.1.2 Diversity

22.2 Commodities and Commodification
22.2.1 Commodification

22.2.2 Commodities and Trade

22.3 Final Observations
23 Archaeothermometry
23.1 Physical Properties
23.2 Mineralogical and Chemical Analyses
23.2.1 Microscopy

23.2.2 Thermal Methods

23.2.3 X-Ray Diffraction

23.2.4 Mandouml;ssbauer Spectroscopy

23.2.5 Magnetic Properties

23.2.6 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)

23.3 Some Cautions

24 Style and Social Interaction

24.1 What Is Style?
24.2 What Does Pottery Style Do?

24.3 Archaeological Approaches to Pottery Style

24.3.1 Design Elements and Social Interaction

24.3.2 Hierarchical Design Structure Analysis

24.3.3 Symmetry Analysis

24.4 Style as Communication
24.4.1 Information Theory

24.4.2 Active or Passive?

24.4.3 Learning/Transmission

24.4.4 Visibility

24.4.5 Meaning

24.5 Further Developments
24.5.1 Theoretical Contexts

24.5.2 Style Change

24.5.3 In Sum . . .

25 Functions and Forms

25.1 Vessel Form, Technology, and Use

25.2 Indirect Evidence and Inferred Functions
25.2.1 Physical Attributes

25.2.2 Forms and Functions

25.2.3 Functions and Forms

25.2.3.1 Storage

25.2.3.2 Cooking

25.2.3.3 Transfer

25.3 Direct Evidence of Use
25.3.1 Residues: Identification of Contents
25.3.2 Sooting

25.3.3 Surface Attrition

25.4 The Hegemony of the Cookpot
Part 6 Then and Now; Now and Then

26 The Humility of Things

26.1 The Humility of Pottery
26.2 From Today to Yesterday
26.2.1 Change: The andldquo;Arts of Acculturationandrdquo;

26.2.2 Decoration and Style

26.2.3 Form and Function

26.2.4 Production and Distribution

26.3 From Today to Yesterday: Some Questions
26.3.1 Status

26.3.2 Commodification and Specialization

26.4 Change and Conservatism
Glossary

Reference List

Index

Product Details

ISBN:
9780292705692
Author:
Rice, Prudence M.
Publisher:
University of Texas Press
Location:
Austin
Subject:
Mexico
Subject:
Mayas
Subject:
Political History
Subject:
Guatemala
Subject:
Latin America - Central America
Subject:
Political Process - General
Subject:
World History-Central America
Subject:
Anthropology - Physical
Edition Number:
1st ed.
Edition Description:
Second Edition
Series:
The Linda Schele series in Maya and pre-Columbian studies
Series Volume:
04-4
Publication Date:
20041131
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Illustrations:
90 halftones, 124 line drawings, 49 tabl
Pages:
592
Dimensions:
10 x 7 in

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Related Subjects

History and Social Science » Archaeology » General
History and Social Science » Archaeology » Mayas
History and Social Science » Politics » General
History and Social Science » World History » Central America
History and Social Science » World History » General
Science and Mathematics » Agriculture » General

Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies) New Trade Paper
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Product details 592 pages University of Texas Press - English 9780292705692 Reviews:
"Synopsis" by , How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status--with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant superpowers nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence.In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.
"Synopsis" by ,
Just as a single pot starts with a lump of clay, the study of a pieceand#8217;s history must start with an understanding of its raw materials. This principle is the foundation of Pottery Analysis, the acclaimed sourcebook that has become the indispensable guide for archaeologists and anthropologists worldwide. By grounding current research in the larger history of pottery and drawing together diverse approaches to the study of pottery, it offers a rich, comprehensive view of ceramic inquiry.

This new edition fully incorporates more than two decades of growth and diversification in the fields of archaeological and ethnographic study of pottery. It begins with a summary of the origins and history of pottery in different parts of the world, then examines the raw materials of pottery and their physical and chemical properties. It addresses ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological perspectives on pottery production; reviews the methods of studying potteryand#8217;s physical, mechanical, thermal, mineralogical, and chemical properties; and discusses how proper analysis of artifacts can reveal insights into their culture of origin. Intended for use in the classroom, the lab, and out in the field, this essential text offers an unparalleled basis for pottery research.

"Synopsis" by , Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography.
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