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Listen 7e C

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Listen 7e C Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Consistently praised as the best book of its kind, Listen uses readable, enjoyable prose and the highest quality recordings to introduce students to the art of focused listening. Captivating discussions and concise "Listening Charts" guide students through important musical works and cultivate listening skills. With informative images, useful historical and cultural background, and interesting biographical information, the text continues to offer students the best preparation to appreciate the styles and traditions of Western music. The seventh edition of Listen is more accessible than ever before with new, more teachable listening examples and a more focused and streamlined introduction to music fundamentals. An expanded range of formats for the text and recordings—including a new, affordable streaming music option and a new, all-inclusive e-book—gives you more flexible choices and more ways to listen.

About the Author

JOSEPH KERMAN, Professor Emeritus at the University of California at Berkeley, and GARY TOMLINSON, University of Pennsylvania, are leading musicologists and music educators. Between them, their course offerings encompass harmony and ear training, opera, world music, interdisciplinary studies, seminars in music history and criticism, and—many times—Introduction to Music for non-major students.
 
Kerman's books include Opera as Drama (second edition, 1988), Contemplating Music (1985), The Art of the Fugue (2005), and studies of Beethoven and William Byrd. His lectures as Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard in 1997-1998 were published as Concerto Conversations (1999).
 
Tomlinson, a former MacArthur Fellow, is the author of Monteverdi and the End of the Renaissance (1987), Music in Renaissance Magic (1993), Metaphysical Song: An Essay on Opera (1999), and The Singing of the New World (2006). He has also published on jazz and music historiography.

Table of Contents

*New to this edition
 
Preface: To the Instructor

Introduction: To the Student
 
UNIT I  Fundamentals
 
PRELUDE A Musical Thunderstorm by Richard Wagner

LISTENING CHART 1 Wagner, Prelude to The Valkyrie

 
*CHAPTER 1 Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
1  Rhythm

     Beat and Accent

2  Meter

     Rhythm and Meter

     Syncopation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 1  Rhythm, Meter, and Syncopation

3  Tempo

     LISTENING EXERCISE 2  Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo

 
*CHAPTER 2 Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color

1  Pitch

2  Dynamics

     LISTENING EXERCISE 3  Pitch and Dynamics

3  Tone Color

INTERLUDE  Musical Instruments

     Stringed Instruments

     Woodwind Instruments

     Brass Instruments

     Percussion Instruments

     The Orchestra

     *LISTENING EXERCISE 4  The Orchestra in Action

     Keyboard Instruments

     Plucked String Instruments

 
*CHAPTER 3 Scales and Melody

1  Scales

     The Octave

     The Diatonic Scale

     The Chromatic Scale

     Half Steps and Whole Steps

2 Melody

     Tunes

     BOX Characteristics of Tunes

     LISTENING EXERCISE 5  Melody and Tune

     Motives and Themes

 
*CHAPTER 4 Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode

1  Harmony

     Consonance and Dissonance

2  Texture

     Monophony

     Homophony and Polyphony

     Imitation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 6  Texture

3  Tonality and Mode

     Tonality

     Major and Minor Modes

     Keys

     Hearing the Major and Minor Modes

     Hearing Keys and Modulation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 7  Mode and Key

 
CHAPTER 5 Musical Form and Musical Style

1  Form in Music

     Form and Feeling

     Form and Forms

     LISTENING EXERCISE 8  Musical Form

     Musical Genres

2  Musical Style

     Musical Style and Lifestyle

LISTENING CHART 2  Britten, The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra

 
UNIT II  Early Music: An Overview
 
CHAPTER 6 The Middle Ages

1  Music and the Church: Plainchant

     Music and Church Services: Liturgy

     BOX Music and the Virgin Mary

     Plainchant

     Characteristics of Plainchant

     Gregorian Recitation and Gregorian Melody

     ANONYMOUS, Plainchant antiphon, “In paradisum”

     HILDEGARD OF BINGEN, Plainchant sequence, “Columba aspexit”

2  Music at Court

     Troubadour and Trouvère Songs

     BERNART DE VENTADORN, Troubadour song, “La dousa votz”

     BOX How Did Early Music Sound?

     The Estampie

3  The Evolution of Polyphony

     Organum

     PÉROTIN, Organum, “Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia”

4  Later Medieval Polyphony

     *ROUND, “Sumer Is Icumen In, Lhude Sing Cuccu!”

     Ars Nova

     *GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT, Chanson, “Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient”

Global Perspectives 1  Sacred Chant

     Qur'anic recitation, “Ya Sin”

     Hawai'ian chant

     Navajo song, “K'adnikini'ya'”

   

CHAPTER 7 The Renaissance

1  New Attitudes

     Early Homophony

     Guillaume Dufay

     GUILLAUME DUFAY, Harmonized hymn, “Ave maris stella”

     The Mass

2  The High Renaissance Style

     Imitation

     Homophony

     Other Characteristics

     Josquin Desprez

     JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Pange lingua Mass

          Kyrie and fom the Gloria

3  Music as Expression

     JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Chanson, “Mille regrets”

4  Late Renaissance Music

     GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA, Pope Marcellus Mass from the Gloria

     The Motet

     The Italian Madrigal

     The English Madrigal

     THOMAS WEELKES, Madrigal, “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”

5  Instrumental Music: Early Developments

     Renaissance Dances

     ANONYMOUS, Galliard, “Daphne”

     ANONYMOUS, “Kemp's Jig”

Global Perspectives 2  Music and Early European Colonialism

     Hymn from the Andes, “Hanaq pachap kusikuynin”

   

CHAPTER 8 The Early Baroque Period

1  From Renaissance to Baroque

     Music in Venice

     Extravagance and Control

     GIOVANNI GABRIELI, Motet, “O magnum mysterium”

2  Style Features of Early Baroque Music

     Rhythm and Meter

     Texture: Basso Continuo

     Functional Harmony

3  Opera

     Recitative

     Aria

     Claudio Monteverdi

     CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI, The Coronation of Poppea 

          from Act I, Recitative “Tornerai?” and Aria “Speranza tu mi vai”

     BOX Singing Italian

     Henry Purcell

     HENRY PURCELL, Dido and Aeneas

          Act III, final scene, Recitative “Thy Hand, Belinda!” Aria “When I am laid,” and Chorus “With drooping wings”

4  The Rise of Instrumental Music

     Girolamo Frescobaldi

     GIROLAMO FRESCOBALDI, Suite (Canzone, Balletto, Corrente, and      Passacaglia)

Global Perspectives 3  Ostinato Forms

     Gambian song, “Laminba”

     Pygmy polyphony, Elephant-hunt song

 
UNIT III  The Eighteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 9 Prelude: The Late Baroque Period

1  Absolutism and the Age of Science

     Art and Absolutism

     The Music of Absolutism

     Art and Theatricality

     Science and the Arts

     Science and Music

2  Musical Life in the Early Eighteenth Century

3  Style Features of Late Baroque Music

     Rhythm

     Dynamics

     Tone Color

     The Baroque Orchestra

     Melody

     Ornamentation

     Texture

     The Continuo

     Musical Form

4  The Emotional World of Baroque Music

 
CHAPTER 10 Baroque Instrumental Music

1  Concerto and Concerto Grosso

     Movements

     Ritornello Form

     ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, Op. 4, No. 12

LISTENING CHART 3 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, first movement  

     Biography: Antonio Vivaldi

     Baroque Variation Form: The Ground Bass

     ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, second movement

LISTENING CHART 4 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, second movement

     JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, for Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, and Orchestra

LISTENING CHART 5 Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first movement

     Biography: Johann Sebastian Bach

2  Fugue

     Fugal Exposition

     *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major

*LISTENING CHART 6 Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major

     *BOX Glenn Gould

*3  Baroque Dances

     The Dance Suite

     Baroque Dance Form

     *Biography: Jean-Philippe Rameau

     *JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU, Menuet and Tambourin from Castor et Pollux, Prologue

     *GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Minuet from The Royal Fireworks Music

     *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Gigue from Cello Suite No. 2 in D Minor

 
CHAPTER 11 Baroque Vocal Music

     Words and Music

1  Opera

     Italian Opera Seria

     Recitative

     Aria

     BOX  The Castrato

     GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare in Egitto)

          Aria “La giustizia”

2  Oratorio

     Biography: George Frideric Handel

     GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Messiah

          Recitative, “There were shepherds,” Chorus “Glory to God,” and Hallelujah Chorus

     BOX Women in Music

3  The Church Cantata

     The Lutheran Chorale

     JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Cantata No. 4, “Christ lag in Todesbanden” (“Christ Lay in Death's Dark Prison”)

4  The Organ Chorale

 
CHAPTER 12 Prelude: Music and the Enlightenment

1  The Enlightenment and Music

     “The Pursuit of Happiness”

     Art and Entertainment

     Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Opera

     The Novel

2  The Rise of Concerts

3  Style Features of Classical Music

     Rhythm

     Dynamics

     Tone Color: The Classical Orchestra

     Melody: Tunes

     Texture: Homophony

     Classical Counterpoint

4  Form in Classical Music

Repetitions and Cadences

Classical Forms

 
CHAPTER 13 The Symphony
1  The Movements of the Symphony
2  Sonata Form

     Exposition (A)

     Development (B)

     Recapitulation (A')

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550

LISTENING CHART 7 Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, first movement

     Biography: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

3  Classical Variation Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, first and second movements

LISTENING CHART 8 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, second movement (Andante cantabile)

4  Minuet Form (Classical Dance Form)

     Biography: Franz Joseph Haydn

     Baroque and Classical Dance Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, third movement (Menuetto)

LISTENING CHART 9 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, third movement (Menuetto)

5  Rondo Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)

LISTENING CHART 10 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)

 
CHAPTER 14 Other Classical Genres

1  The Sonata

     FRANCESCA LEBRUN, Sonata in F, Op. 1, No. 3, second movement

2  The Classical Concerto

     Double-Exposition Form

     WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488

LISTENING CHART 11 Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488, first movement

3  The String Quartet

     Chamber Music
4  Opera Buffa

     The Ensemble

     WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Don Giovanni

          From Act I, scene iii, Aria “Ho capito,” Recitative “Alfin siam liberati,” and Duet “Là ci darem la mano”

Global Perspectives 4  Musical Form: Two Case Studies from Asia

     Japanese gagaku, Etenraku

     Balinese gamelan, Bopong

 
UNIT IV  The Nineteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 15 Beethoven

1  Between Classicism and Romanticism

     The French Revolution

2  Beethoven and the Symphony

     Biography: Ludwig van Beethoven

     LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67

LISTENING CHART 12 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, first movement

LISTENING CHART 13 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, complete work

3  Beethoven's “Third Period”

     LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, String Quartet in F, Op. 135, second movement (Vivace)

  

CHAPTER 16 Prelude: Music after Beethoven: Romanticism

1  Romanticism

     The Cult of Individual Feeling

     Romanticism and Revolt

     Artistic Barriers

     Music and the Supernatural 

     Music and the Other Arts

2  Concert Life in the Nineteenth Century

     The Artist and the Public

3  Style Features of Romantic Music

     Rhythm: Rubato

     Romantic Melody

     Romantic Harmony

     The Expansion of Tone Color

4  Program Music

5  Form in Romantic Music

     Miniature Compositions

     Grandiose Compositions

     The Principle of Thematic Unity

 
CHAPTER 17 The Early Romantics
1  The Lied

     FRANZ SCHUBERT, “Erlkönig” (“The Erlking”)

     Biography: Franz Schubert

     The Song Cycle

     ROBERT SCHUMANN, Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love)

          “Im wunderschönen Monat Mai” and “Die alten, bösen Lieder”

     Biography: Robert Schumann

     Biography: Clara Wieck (Clara Schumann)

     CLARA SCHUMANN, “Der Mond kommt still gegangen” (“The moon has risen softly”)

2  The Character Piece for Piano

     FRANZ SCHUBERT, Moment Musical No. 2 in A-flat

     ROBERT SCHUMANN, Carnaval

          “Eusebius,” “Florestan,” and “Chiarina”

     FREDERIC CHOPIN, Nocturne in F-Sharp, Op. 15, No. 2

     Biography: Frédéric Chopin

     Biography: Franz Liszt

3  Early Romantic Program Music

     The Concert Overture: Felix Mendelssohn

     Biography: Felix Mendelssohn

     Biography: Fanny Mendelssohn

     The Program Symphony: Hector Berlioz

     HECTOR BERLIOZ, Fantastic Symphony: Episodes in the Life of an Artist

     Biography: Hector Berlioz

LISTENING CHART 14 Berlioz, Fantastic Symphony, fifth movement

 
CHAPTER 18 Romantic Opera

     BOX Early Romantic Opera

1  Verdi and Italian Opera

     Biography: Giuseppe Verdi

     Recitative and Aria: The Orchestra

     *GIUSEPPE VERDI, Rigoletto

          From Act III, scene i, Aria “La donna è mobile” and Quartet “Bella figlia dell'amore” (Allegro)

2  Wagner and Music Drama

     Biography: Richard Wagner

     The Total Work of Art

     BOX Wagner's Tristan and Isolde

     Leitmotivs

     RICHARD WAGNER, The Nibelung's Ring

          The Valkyrie, Act I, scene i

*3  Late Romantic Opera

     *Giacomo Puccini

     *GIACOMO PUCCINI, Madame Butterfly

          From Act II, Aria “Un bel dì”

 
CHAPTER 19 The Late Romantics

     Romanticism and Realism

1  Late Romantic Program Music

     PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet

     Biography: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

LISTENING CHART 15 Tchaikovsky, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet

2  Nationalism

     Exoticism

     The Russian Kuchka

     MODEST MUSORGSKY, Pictures at an Exhibition

     Biography: Modest Musorgsky

     BOX Other Nationalists

3  Responses to Romanticism

     The Renewal of Classicism: Brahms

     Biography: Johannes Brahms

     JOHANNES BRAHMS, Violin Concerto in D, Op. 77

LISTENING CHART 16 Brahms, Violin Concerto, third movement

     Romantic Nostalgia: Mahler

     Biography: Gustav Mahler

     GUSTAV MAHLER, Symphony No. 1

LISTENING CHART 17 Mahler, Symphony No. 1, third movement, Funeral March

Global Perspectives 5  Musical Drama Worldwide

     Japanese Kabuki, Dojoji

     Beijing opera, The Prince Who Changed into a Cat

 
UNIT V  The Twentieth Century and Beyond
 
CHAPTER 20 Prelude: Music and Modernism

1  Progress and Uncertainty

2  The Response of Modernism
3  Literature and Art before World War I

     Impressionists and Symbolists

     Expressionists and Fauves

4  Modernist Music before World War I

     Experiment and Transformation: Melody

     New Horizons, New Scales

     “The Emancipation of Dissonance”

 
CHAPTER 21 The Twentieth Century: Early Modernism

1  Debussy and Impressionism

     CLAUDE DEBUSSY, Three Nocturnes

LISTENING CHART 18 Debussy, Clouds

     Biography: Claude Debussy

2  Stravinsky: The Primacy of Rhythm

     IGOR STRAVINSKY, The Rite of Spring: Part I, “The Adoration of the Earth”

LISTENING CHART 19 Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring, from Part I

   Biography: Igor Stravinsky

3  Expressionism

     ARNOLD SCHOENBERG, Pierrot lunaire

          No. 8: “Night” and No. 18: “The Moonfleck”

     Biography: Arnold Schoenberg

     ALBAN BERG, Wozzeck

          Act III, scenes iii and iv

     BOX Schoenberg and Serialism

4  Modernism in America: Ives

     Biography: Charles Ives

     CHARLES IVES, Second Orchestral Set, second movement: “The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the People's Outdoor Meeting”

LISTENING CHART 20 Ives, “The Rockstrewn Hills”

     CHARLES IVES, The Unanswered Question

 
CHATPER 22 Alternatives to Modernism

     Twentieth-Century Traditionalism

1  Maurice Ravel

     Biography: Maurice Ravel

     MAURICE RAVEL, Piano Concerto in G

LISTENING CHART 21 Ravel, Piano Concerto in G, first movement

2  Béla Bartók

     Biography: Béla Bartók

     BÉLA BARTÓK, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta

LISTENING CHART 22 Bartók, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, second movement (Allegro)

3  Aaron Copland

     Music for Americans

     AARON COPLAND, Appalachian Spring (excerpts)

     Biography: Aaron Copland

4  The Rise of Film Music

     Composers for Film: Prokofiev

     BOX Music and Totalitarianism

     SERGEI PROKOFIEV, Alexander Nevsky

LISTENING CHART 23 Prokofiev, Alexander Nevsky Cantata, 5, “The Battle on Ice”

     Biography: Sergei Prokofiev

   

CHAPTER 23 The Late Twentieth Century

1  Modernism in Music: The Second Phase

     New Sound Materials

     Electronic Music

     On the Boundaries of Time

     ANTON WEBERN, Five Orchestral Pieces, IV

     Chance Music

2  The Postwar Avant-Garde

     György Ligeti

     GYÖRGY LIGETI, Lux aeterna

LISTENING CHART 24 Ligeti, Lux aeterna

     Edgard Varèse

     BOX Modernist Music and Architecture

     EDGARD VARÈSE, Poème électronique

     John Cage

     JOHN CAGE, 4'33”

3  Music at the End of the Millennium

     Minimalism

     STEVE REICH, Music for 18 Musicians

LISTENING CHART 25 Reich, Music for 18 Musicians, beginning

     A New Expressionism

     KAIJA SAARIAHO, From the Grammar of Dreams

     Back to the Future

     JOHN ADAMS, El Niño

          “Pues mi Dios ha nacido a penar,” “When Herod heard,” and “Woe unto Them That Call Evil Good”

 
CHAPTER 24 Music in America: Jazz and Beyond

1  Early American Music: An Overview

     The Cultivated Tradition

     Music in the Vernacular

     African American Music

2  Jazz: The First Fifty Years

     The Blues

     SIPPIE WALLACE, “If You Ever Been Down” Blues (Composed by G. W. Thomas)

     BOX Ragtime: Scott Joplin

     New Orleans Jazz

     Biography: Louis Armstrong

     Big Band Jazz: Swing

     DUKE ELLINGTON, “Conga Brava”

     Biography: Duke Ellington

     *Popular Song

3  Later Jazz

     Bebop

     CHARLIE PARKER and MILES DAVIS, “Out of Nowhere”

     Jazz after Bebop

     MILES DAVIS, Bitches Brew

Global Perspectives 6  African Drumming

     Yoruba drumming, “Ako”

4  Jazz in the Concert Hall

     GEORGE GERSHWIN, Prelude No. 1

     BOX The American Musical

     LEONARD BERNSTEIN, West Side Story

     Dance at the Gym: Meeting Scene and “Cool”

     BOX The Later Musical

5  Rock

     Early Rock 'n' Roll

     The 1960s: Rock Comes of Age

     Motown, Soul, and Funk

     The British Invasion

     American Counteroffensives

     After the 1960s

     Trends 1980-2000: Punk, Rap, and Post-Rock

Global Perspectives 7 Global Music

     South African choral song, “Anoku Gonda”

6  Conclusion

 
Appendix A Timelines

*Appendix B Musical Notation

 
Glossary of Musical Terms

Index

*New to this edition
 
Preface: To the Instructor

Introduction: To the Student
 
UNIT I  Fundamentals
 
PRELUDE A Musical Thunderstorm by Richard Wagner

LISTENING CHART 1 Wagner, Prelude to The Valkyrie

 
*CHAPTER 1 Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo
1  Rhythm

     Beat and Accent

2  Meter

     Rhythm and Meter

     Syncopation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 1  Rhythm, Meter, and Syncopation

3  Tempo

     LISTENING EXERCISE 2  Rhythm, Meter, and Tempo

 
*CHAPTER 2 Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color

1  Pitch

2  Dynamics

     LISTENING EXERCISE 3  Pitch and Dynamics

3  Tone Color

INTERLUDE  Musical Instruments

     Stringed Instruments

     Woodwind Instruments

     Brass Instruments

     Percussion Instruments

     The Orchestra

     *LISTENING EXERCISE 4  The Orchestra in Action

     Keyboard Instruments

     Plucked String Instruments

 
*CHAPTER 3 Scales and Melody

1  Scales

     The Octave

     The Diatonic Scale

     The Chromatic Scale

     Half Steps and Whole Steps

2 Melody

     Tunes

     BOX Characteristics of Tunes

     LISTENING EXERCISE 5  Melody and Tune

     Motives and Themes

 
*CHAPTER 4 Harmony, Texture, Tonality, and Mode

1  Harmony

     Consonance and Dissonance

2  Texture

     Monophony

     Homophony and Polyphony

     Imitation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 6  Texture

3  Tonality and Mode

     Tonality

     Major and Minor Modes

     Keys

     Hearing the Major and Minor Modes

     Hearing Keys and Modulation

     LISTENING EXERCISE 7  Mode and Key

 
CHAPTER 5 Musical Form and Musical Style

1  Form in Music

     Form and Feeling

     Form and Forms

     LISTENING EXERCISE 8  Musical Form

     Musical Genres

2  Musical Style

     Musical Style and Lifestyle

LISTENING CHART 2  Britten, The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra

 
UNIT II  Early Music: An Overview
 
CHAPTER 6 The Middle Ages

1  Music and the Church: Plainchant

     Music and Church Services: Liturgy

     BOX Music and the Virgin Mary

     Plainchant

     Characteristics of Plainchant

     Gregorian Recitation and Gregorian Melody

     ANONYMOUS, Plainchant antiphon, “In paradisum”

     HILDEGARD OF BINGEN, Plainchant sequence, “Columba aspexit”

2  Music at Court

     Troubadour and Trouvère Songs

     BERNART DE VENTADORN, Troubadour song, “La dousa votz”

     BOX How Did Early Music Sound?

     The Estampie

3  The Evolution of Polyphony

     Organum

     PÉROTIN, Organum, “Alleluia. Diffusa est gratia”

4  Later Medieval Polyphony

     *ROUND, “Sumer Is Icumen In, Lhude Sing Cuccu!”

     Ars Nova

     *GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT, Chanson, “Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient”

Global Perspectives 1  Sacred Chant

     Qur'anic recitation, “Ya Sin”

     Hawai'ian chant

     Navajo song, “K'adnikini'ya'”

   

CHAPTER 7 The Renaissance

1  New Attitudes

     Early Homophony

     Guillaume Dufay

     GUILLAUME DUFAY, Harmonized hymn, “Ave maris stella”

     The Mass

2  The High Renaissance Style

     Imitation

     Homophony

     Other Characteristics

     Josquin Desprez

     JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Pange lingua Mass

          Kyrie and fom the Gloria

3  Music as Expression

     JOSQUIN DESPREZ, Chanson, “Mille regrets”

4  Late Renaissance Music

     GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA, Pope Marcellus Mass from the Gloria

     The Motet

     The Italian Madrigal

     The English Madrigal

     THOMAS WEELKES, Madrigal, “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”

5  Instrumental Music: Early Developments

     Renaissance Dances

     ANONYMOUS, Galliard, “Daphne”

     ANONYMOUS, “Kemp's Jig”

Global Perspectives 2  Music and Early European Colonialism

     Hymn from the Andes, “Hanaq pachap kusikuynin”

   

CHAPTER 8 The Early Baroque Period

1  From Renaissance to Baroque

     Music in Venice

     Extravagance and Control

     GIOVANNI GABRIELI, Motet, “O magnum mysterium”

2  Style Features of Early Baroque Music

     Rhythm and Meter

     Texture: Basso Continuo

     Functional Harmony

3  Opera

     Recitative

     Aria

     Claudio Monteverdi

     CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI, The Coronation of Poppea 

          from Act I, Recitative “Tornerai?” and Aria “Speranza tu mi vai”

     BOX Singing Italian

     Henry Purcell

     HENRY PURCELL, Dido and Aeneas

          Act III, final scene, Recitative “Thy Hand, Belinda!” Aria “When I am laid,” and Chorus “With drooping wings”

4  The Rise of Instrumental Music

     Girolamo Frescobaldi

     GIROLAMO FRESCOBALDI, Suite (Canzone, Balletto, Corrente, and      Passacaglia)

Global Perspectives 3  Ostinato Forms

     Gambian song, “Laminba”

     Pygmy polyphony, Elephant-hunt song

 
UNIT III  The Eighteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 9 Prelude: The Late Baroque Period

1  Absolutism and the Age of Science

     Art and Absolutism

     The Music of Absolutism

     Art and Theatricality

     Science and the Arts

     Science and Music

2  Musical Life in the Early Eighteenth Century

3  Style Features of Late Baroque Music

     Rhythm

     Dynamics

     Tone Color

     The Baroque Orchestra

     Melody

     Ornamentation

     Texture

     The Continuo

     Musical Form

4  The Emotional World of Baroque Music

 
CHAPTER 10 Baroque Instrumental Music

1  Concerto and Concerto Grosso

     Movements

     Ritornello Form

     ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, Op. 4, No. 12

LISTENING CHART 3 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, first movement  

     Biography: Antonio Vivaldi

     Baroque Variation Form: The Ground Bass

     ANTONIO VIVALDI, Violin Concerto in G, La stravaganza, second movement

LISTENING CHART 4 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in G, second movement

     JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, for Flute, Violin, Harpsichord, and Orchestra

LISTENING CHART 5 Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, first movement

     Biography: Johann Sebastian Bach

2  Fugue

     Fugal Exposition

     *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major

*LISTENING CHART 6 Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue in C Major

     *BOX Glenn Gould

*3  Baroque Dances

     The Dance Suite

     Baroque Dance Form

     *Biography: Jean-Philippe Rameau

     *JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU, Menuet and Tambourin from Castor et Pollux, Prologue

     *GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Minuet from The Royal Fireworks Music

     *JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Gigue from Cello Suite No. 2 in D Minor

 
CHAPTER 11 Baroque Vocal Music

     Words and Music

1  Opera

     Italian Opera Seria

     Recitative

     Aria

     BOX  The Castrato

     GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Julius Caesar (Giulio Cesare in Egitto)

          Aria “La giustizia”

2  Oratorio

     Biography: George Frideric Handel

     GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL, Messiah

          Recitative, “There were shepherds,” Chorus “Glory to God,” and Hallelujah Chorus

     BOX Women in Music

3  The Church Cantata

     The Lutheran Chorale

     JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, Cantata No. 4, “Christ lag in Todesbanden” (“Christ Lay in Death's Dark Prison”)

4  The Organ Chorale

 
CHAPTER 12 Prelude: Music and the Enlightenment

1  The Enlightenment and Music

     “The Pursuit of Happiness”

     Art and Entertainment

     Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Opera

     The Novel

2  The Rise of Concerts

3  Style Features of Classical Music

     Rhythm

     Dynamics

     Tone Color: The Classical Orchestra

     Melody: Tunes

     Texture: Homophony

     Classical Counterpoint

4  Form in Classical Music

Repetitions and Cadences

Classical Forms

 
CHAPTER 13 The Symphony
1  The Movements of the Symphony
2  Sonata Form

     Exposition (A)

     Development (B)

     Recapitulation (A')

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550

LISTENING CHART 7 Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, first movement

     Biography: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

3  Classical Variation Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, first and second movements

LISTENING CHART 8 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, second movement (Andante cantabile)

4  Minuet Form (Classical Dance Form)

     Biography: Franz Joseph Haydn

     Baroque and Classical Dance Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, third movement (Menuetto)

LISTENING CHART 9 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, third movement (Menuetto)

5  Rondo Form

     FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN, Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)

LISTENING CHART 10 Haydn, Symphony No. 95, fourth movement (Finale. Vivace)

 
CHAPTER 14 Other Classical Genres

1  The Sonata

     FRANCESCA LEBRUN, Sonata in F, Op. 1, No. 3, second movement

2  The Classical Concerto

     Double-Exposition Form

     WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488

LISTENING CHART 11 Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A, K. 488, first movement

3  The String Quartet

     Chamber Music
4  Opera Buffa

     The Ensemble

     WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART, Don Giovanni

          From Act I, scene iii, Aria “Ho capito,” Recitative “Alfin siam liberati,” and Duet “Là ci darem la mano”

Global Perspectives 4  Musical Form: Two Case Studies from Asia

     Japanese gagaku, Etenraku

     Balinese gamelan, Bopong

 
UNIT IV  The Nineteenth Century
 
CHAPTER 15 Beethoven

1  Between Classicism and Romanticism

     The French Revolution

2  Beethoven and the Symphony

     Biography: Ludwig van Beethoven

     LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67

LISTENING CHART 12 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, first movement

LISTENING CHART 13 Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, complete work

3  Beethoven's “Third Period”

     LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN, String Quartet in F, Op. 135, second movement (Vivace)

  

CHAPTER 16 Prelude: Music after Beethoven: Romanticism

1  Romanticism

     The Cult of Individual Feeling

     Romanticism and Revolt

     Artistic Barriers

     Music and the Supernatural 

     Music and the Other Arts

2  Concert Life in the Nineteenth Century

     The Artist and the Public

3  Style Features of Romantic Music

     Rhythm: Rubato

     Romantic Melody

     Romantic Harmony

     The Expansion of Tone Color

4  Program Music

5  Form in Romantic Music

     Miniature Compositions

     Grandiose Compositions

     The Principle of Thematic Unity

 
CHAPTER 17 The Early Romantics
1  The Lied

     FRANZ SCHUBERT, “Erlkönig” (“The Erlking”)

     Biography: Franz Schubert

     The Song Cycle

     ROBERT SCHUMANN, Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love)

          “Im wunderschönen Monat Mai” and “Die alten, bösen Lieder”

     Biography: Robert Schumann

     Biography: Clara Wieck (Clara Schumann)

     CLARA SCHUMANN, “Der Mond kommt still gegangen” (“The moon has risen softly”)

2  The Character Piece for Piano

     FRANZ SCHUBERT, Moment Musical No. 2 in A-flat

     ROBERT SCHUMANN, Carnaval

          “Eusebius,” “Florestan,” and “Chiarina”

     FREDERIC CHOPIN, Nocturne in F-Sharp, Op. 15, No. 2

     Biography: Frédéric Chopin

     Biography: Franz Liszt

3  Early Romantic Program Music

     The Concert Overture: Felix Mendelssohn

     Biography: Felix Mendelssohn

     Biography: Fanny Mendelssohn

     The Program Symphony: Hector Berlioz

     HECTOR BERLIOZ, Fantastic Symphony: Episodes in the Life of an Artist

     Biography: Hector Berlioz

LISTENING CHART 14 Berlioz, Fantastic Symphony, fifth movement

 
CHAPTER 18 Romantic Opera

     BOX Early Romantic Opera

1  Verdi and Italian Opera

     Biography: Giuseppe Verdi

     Recitative and Aria: The Orchestra

     *GIUSEPPE VERDI, Rigoletto

          From Act III, scene i, Aria “La donna è mobile” and Quartet “Bella figlia dell'amore” (Allegro)

2  Wagner and Music Drama

     Biography: Richard Wagner

     The Total Work of Art

     BOX Wagner's Tristan and Isolde

     Leitmotivs

     RICHARD WAGNER, The Nibelung's Ring

          The Valkyrie, Act I, scene i

*3  Late Romantic Opera

     *Giacomo Puccini

     *GIACOMO PUCCINI, Madame Butterfly

          From Act II, Aria “Un bel dì”

 
CHAPTER 19 The Late Romantics

     Romanticism and Realism

1  Late Romantic Program Music

     PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet

     Biography: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

LISTENING CHART 15 Tchaikovsky, Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet

2  Nationalism

     Exoticism

     The Russian Kuchka

     MODEST MUSORGSKY, Pictures at an Exhibition

     Biography: Modest Musorgsky

     BOX Other Nationalists

3  Responses to Romanticism

     The Renewal of Classicism: Brahms

     Biography: Johannes Brahms

     JOHANNES BRAHMS, Violin Concerto in D, Op. 77

LISTENING CHART 16 Brahms, Violin Concerto, third movement

     Romantic Nostalgia: Mahler

     Biography: Gustav Mahler

     GUSTAV MAHLER, Symphony No. 1

LISTENING CHART 17 Mahler, Symphony No. 1, third movement, Funeral March

Global Perspectives 5  Musical Drama Worldwide

     Japanese Kabuki, Dojoji

     Beijing opera, The Prince Who Changed into a Cat

 
UNIT V  The Twentieth Century and Beyond
 
CHAPTER 20 Prelude: Music and Modernism

1  Progress and Uncertainty

2  The Response of Modernism
3  Literature and Art before World War I

     Impressionists and Symbolists

     Expressionists and Fauves

4  Modernist Music before World War I

     Experiment and Transformation: Melody

     New Horizons, New Scales

     “The Emancipation of Dissonance”

 
CHAPTER 21 The Twentieth Century: Early Modernism

1  Debussy and Impressionism

     CLAUDE DEBUSSY, Three Nocturnes

LISTENING CHART 18 Debussy, Clouds

     Biography: Claude Debussy

2  Stravinsky: The Primacy of Rhythm

     IGOR STRAVINSKY, The Rite of Spring: Part I, “The Adoration of the Earth”

LISTENING CHART 19 Stravinsky, The Rite of Spring, from Part I

   Biography: Igor Stravinsky

3  Expressionism

     ARNOLD SCHOENBERG, Pierrot lunaire

          No. 8: “Night” and No. 18: “The Moonfleck”

     Biography: Arnold Schoenberg

     ALBAN BERG, Wozzeck

          Act III, scenes iii and iv

     BOX Schoenberg and Serialism

4  Modernism in America: Ives

     Biography: Charles Ives

     CHARLES IVES, Second Orchestral Set, second movement: “The Rockstrewn Hills Join in the People's Outdoor Meeting”

LISTENING CHART 20 Ives, “The Rockstrewn Hills”

     CHARLES IVES, The Unanswered Question

 
CHATPER 22 Alternatives to Modernism

     Twentieth-Century Traditionalism

1  Maurice Ravel

     Biography: Maurice Ravel

     MAURICE RAVEL, Piano Concerto in G

LISTENING CHART 21 Ravel, Piano Concerto in G, first movement

2  Béla Bartók

     Biography: Béla Bartók

     BÉLA BARTÓK, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta

LISTENING CHART 22 Bartók, Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, second movement (Allegro)

3  Aaron Copland

     Music for Americans

     AARON COPLAND, Appalachian Spring (excerpts)

     Biography: Aaron Copland

4  The Rise of Film Music

     Composers for Film: Prokofiev

     BOX Music and Totalitarianism

     SERGEI PROKOFIEV, Alexander Nevsky

LISTENING CHART 23 Prokofiev, Alexander Nevsky Cantata, 5, “The Battle on Ice”

     Biography: Sergei Prokofiev

   

CHAPTER 23 The Late Twentieth Century

1  Modernism in Music: The Second Phase

     New Sound Materials

     Electronic Music

     On the Boundaries of Time

     ANTON WEBERN, Five Orchestral Pieces, IV

     Chance Music

2  The Postwar Avant-Garde

     György Ligeti

     GYÖRGY LIGETI, Lux aeterna

LISTENING CHART 24 Ligeti, Lux aeterna

     Edgard Varèse

     BOX Modernist Music and Architecture

     EDGARD VARÈSE, Poème électronique

     John Cage

     JOHN CAGE, 4'33”

3  Music at the End of the Millennium

     Minimalism

     STEVE REICH, Music for 18 Musicians

LISTENING CHART 25 Reich, Music for 18 Musicians, beginning

     A New Expressionism

     KAIJA SAARIAHO, From the Grammar of Dreams

     Back to the Future

     JOHN ADAMS, El Niño

          “Pues mi Dios ha nacido a penar,” “When Herod heard,” and “Woe unto Them That Call Evil Good”

 
CHAPTER 24 Music in America: Jazz and Beyond

1  Early American Music: An Overview

     The Cultivated Tradition

     Music in the Vernacular

     African American Music

2  Jazz: The First Fifty Years

     The Blues

     SIPPIE WALLACE, “If You Ever Been Down” Blues (Composed by G. W. Thomas)

     BOX Ragtime: Scott Joplin

     New Orleans Jazz

     Biography: Louis Armstrong

     Big Band Jazz: Swing

     DUKE ELLINGTON, “Conga Brava”

     Biography: Duke Ellington

     *Popular Song

3  Later Jazz

     Bebop

     CHARLIE PARKER and MILES DAVIS, “Out of Nowhere”

     Jazz after Bebop

     MILES DAVIS, Bitches Brew

Global Perspectives 6  African Drumming

     Yoruba drumming, “Ako”

4  Jazz in the Concert Hall

     GEORGE GERSHWIN, Prelude No. 1

     BOX The American Musical

     LEONARD BERNSTEIN, West Side Story

     Dance at the Gym: Meeting Scene and “Cool”

     BOX The Later Musical

5  Rock

     Early Rock 'n' Roll

     The 1960s: Rock Comes of Age

     Motown, Soul, and Funk

     The British Invasion

     American Counteroffensives

     After the 1960s

     Trends 1980-2000: Punk, Rap, and Post-Rock

Global Perspectives 7 Global Music

     South African choral song, “Anoku Gonda”

6  Conclusion

 
Appendix A Timelines

*Appendix B Musical Notation

 
Glossary of Musical Terms

Index

 

Product Details

ISBN:
9780312593469
Author:
Kerman, Joseph
Publisher:
Bedford Books
Author:
Tomlinson, Gary
Subject:
General Music
Subject:
Music - General
Edition Description:
Seventh Edition
Publication Date:
20110131
Binding:
Paperback
Grade Level:
College/higher education:
Language:
English
Pages:
480
Dimensions:
10.75 x 8.00 in

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