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Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delightby John Reynolds
Synopses & Reviews
Courtyards are special areas that allow the inside and outside to mingle; where rain, wind, daylight, night darkness, and sound can be showcased; and, simply, they are niches of beauty and solace. Since at least 3000 b.c., courtyards have been incorporated into the architecture of the day as a significant part of the physical and cultural landscape. Today, the courtyard continues to be an evolving and popular aspect of design through which landscapers and designers can create privacy amidst increased property development.
Courtyards presents a survey of courtyards, contemporary design guidelines, and a diverse selection of examples. Readers will acquire a basic understanding of the balance that must exist between garden and building, including practical advice for planting.
First, a brief history of courtyards is presented, including itemized accounts of topics such as placement within a building, orientation, exposure, common activities in and around courtyards, and the promotion of temperate conditions within the courtyard. Next, an ample section of examples follows, generously supplemented with over fifty full-color photographs from Spain and Latin America. These exquisite images are accompanied by temperature charts, solar diagrams, and other key technical information about courtyards. Finally, an extensive section of planning and design guidelines highlights factors for consideration, such as daytime/ nighttime temperature ranges, zoning regulations, proportions, and innovative proposals incorporating driveways and uses of rainwater.
Architects, landscape architects, and urban designers and planners will find this an ideal starting point for creating or renovating any courtyard. Students of all these disciplines can use Courtyards as an inclusive, easy-to-use reference.
Ein Hof verleiht einem Gebäude nicht nur einen grünen und ruhigen Raum, sondern er senkt darüber hinaus auch noch den Energieverbrauch. Dieses Buch liefert eine vielschichtige Betrachtungweise von Höfen, angefangen bei den historischen Ursprüngen bis hin zu praktischen Ratschlägen für die Nutzung der Vorteile beim Wärmedesign und für die pflanzliche Gestaltung. "Courtyards" ist ein unverzichtbares Nachschlagewerk für alle, die mit der Anlegung und Renovierung von Höfen befasst sind. Das Buch vermittelt allgemeines Grundlagenwissen zum Verhältnis zwischen Gebäuden und Höfen. Enthalten sind über 80 Farb- und Schwarz-Weiss-Fotos von Höfen, Wärme- und Solardiagramme sowie andere wichtige technische Daten.
Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight
Courtyards is an artful, informative exploration of courtyards, from their origins in early civilization to contemporary design concepts. Architects and landscape architects will repeatedly turn to the detailed guidelines for reference, gain a greater sense of balance between building and garden, and cultivate optimal green space by using the practical planting tips. Over one hundred photographs and drawings illustrate the concepts written about by an authority and passionate scholar in his field.
About the Author
JOHN S. REYNOLDS is a professor of architecture at the University of Oregon. He is actively involved in the American Solar Energy Society and the Society of Building Science Educators. The recipient of numerous fellowships and grants, his research has focused on the relationship between environment, inhabitants, and energy usage.
Table of Contents
PART ONE: COURTYARD CHARACTERISTICS.
1: Classifying Courtyards.
Placement Within Building.
Formality and Symmetry.
Open or Closed Facades.
2: Courtyards and Cosmos.
Earth, Water, Air, and Fire.
Animal, Vegetable, and Mineral.
Below, On, and Above the Ground.
Cycles of Life and Death.
3: Social Roles.
Community and Privacy.
Degrees of Formality.
Common Activities In and Around Courtyards.
4: Plants, the Spirit of the Courtyard.
Organic vs. Geometric.
Rooted Shrubs and Vines.
5: Courtyards, Climate, and Comfort.
Degrees of Control.
Taming the Climate.
Strategies for Winter Warmth.
Avoiding Heat Gain.
More Strategies for Summer Comfort.
6: Courtyards and Change.
Fill in One or More Arcades.
Divide the Courtyard.
Encroach on the Courtyard.
Add Another Floor.
Change the Function.
PART TWO: SOME PARTICULAR COURTYARDS.
7: Courtyards Observed: Mexico and Andalucia.
Sun and Shade.
8: Variations in Proportions.
Three Andalusian Courtyards.
In Corboda's Winter.
Two Colima Courtyards.
Colima in Summer.
9: Variations in Shading.
Osio #4, Front and Rear.
Comparing the Three Courtyards.
Spaces Around These Courtyards.
Winter and Summer Contrasts.
10: Thermal Sailing.
Night Ventilation of Thermal Mass.
chapter 11: Changes Over Time.
Demolished or Disappeared.
Open but Stripped.
PART THREE: COURTYARD DESIGN.
12: Planning and Design Guidelines.
City and Courtyard.
Cars and Courtyards.
Courtyards and Neighborhoods.
Courtyards and their Buildings.
Courtyards, Daylight, and Aspect Ratio.
Courtyards and Cooling.
Courtyards and Winter Sun.
Courtyards and Arcades.
13: Design Examples.
Hot and Arid.
Hot and Humid.
A City Block of Courtyard Row Houses.
Appendix A: Evaporation and Transpiration.
Appendix B: Rainwater Collection.
Appendix C: Some Courtyard Plants.
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