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Other titles in the Chemical Analysis: A Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry and Its Applications series:
Chemical Analysis: A Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry and Its Applications #0133: Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission Spectrometry (Pixe)by Sonny Ed. Johansson
Synopses & Reviews
Long proven as an analytical tool of uncommon accuracy and utility, particle-induced X-ray emission has enjoyed a solid, if narrow, reputation in the area of chemical analysis. Capable of detecting elemental concentrations down to parts per million, PIXE is now a standard component of the analytical arsenal of the nuclear physics laboratory. Yet in wider avenues of chemical research, PIXE technology is still relatively new and untested.
An inside look at the nuts and bolts of PIXE from specialists who've refined the technique in biomedicine, atmospheric science, geology, and art and archaeology, this comprehensive introduction to PIXE reveals its conceptual foundation and unique methodology as well as its, as yet, enormous untapped potential as a primary analytical tool. Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission Spectrometry (PIXE) offers professionals and students a practical, user-based look at the many facets and current uses of PIXE for multielemental analysis while providing a stimulus for creative, insightful investigation.
Beginning with a brief history of PIXE, the book then introduces the reader to the conceptual basics central to understanding and using PIXE. It details the hardware and methodology that make up PIXE, examining its instrumentation, characteristics of x-ray spectroscopy, standardization of quantitative analysis, the accuracy of PIXE analysis, and its limits of detection. The technique of focusing proton beams to micron dimensions with the nuclear microprobe is thoroughly detailed, with practical advice on what pitfalls to avoid, and clear illustrations of its present uses in biomedicine, materials science, archaeology, and earth science.
The following chapters form a comprehensive catalog of the cutting-edge uses of PIXE in a host of fields, shedding light on the technical specifics unique to each area of research as well as the intrinsic versatility of PIXE. A discussion of biological and medical applications includes a look at sample preparation, micro- and macro-PIXE, the use of PIXE with other methods, and data evaluation. PIXE's role in the compositional analysis of atmospheric aerosols is described, including a look at PIXE's future impact on global climate research. A look at PIXE's applications in the earth sciences contrasts the analysis of bulk material with grains and crystallites and highlights PIXE's practical uses in key areas of geologic research. PIXE's role in art and archaeology includes a fascinating and detailed exposition of its important role in the analysis of gem stones, pottery, paper-like materials, and pigments and paintings.
Concluding with a detailed comparative analysis of PIXE with other current analytical methods, the book then provides a fascinating glimpse into the future prospects of PIXE. A must reference for the professional and novice in search of the basic hardware and methods behind the current state of the science, Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission Spectrometry (PIXE) is a premier guide to exploring the analytical possibilities open to this unique technology.
The authoritative handbook to exploiting the full power and versatility of PIXE— now and in the next century
Respected for its practical accuracy and detection range of parts per million, particle-induced X-ray emission has enjoyed a secure place in the analytical arsenal of the nuclear physics laboratory. Yet, its undeniable analytical potential in other areas of science has scarcely been tapped. This unique reference, from PIXE specialists in biomedicine, atmospheric science, earth science, and art and archaeology, features a user-based look at PIXE's conceptual basics and methodology, with a view toward new and creative analytical work.
Touching on every facet of PIXE technology, from basic instrumentation, specimens, the characteristics of X-ray spectroscopy, standardization of quantitative analysis, to the accuracy of PIXE analysis and its limits of detection, the book offers an unprecedented look at the newer uses of PIXE in such areas as:
Complete with a comparative look contrasting PIXE with more conventional forms of analysis, this important reference is key to grasping the technique's practical specifics and exploiting its full analytical potential.
Book News Annotation:
Provides the analytical community with an account of the present state of development of PIXE--a technique for multielemental analysis--including a detailed overview of its impact in several major areas of application. The volume contains eight chapters: introduction to PIXE; instrumentation, fundamentals, and quantification; the high-energy ion microprobe; biological and medical applications; compositional analysis of atmospheric aerosols; applications in earth sciences; applications in art and archaeology; and comparison with other methods--future prospects.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
About the Author
SVEN A. E. JOHANSSON received his PhD from the University of Lund in 1952. He held appointments at the National Atomic Commission, Chalmers University, and the Lund Institute of Technology. At Lund, Dr. Johansson occupied the Chair of Nuclear Physics and served as both Director of LIT and Vice Chancellor of the University of Lund. He was a member of the Swedish Academy of Engineering Science and the Royal Swedish Academy of Science, and served on the Nobel Committee for Physics. Dr. Johansson passed away in 1994.
JOHN L. CAMPBELL is the Dean of the College of Physical and Engineering Science at the University of Guelph, Ontario. He joined the University of Guelph in 1968 and in 1977, was appointed Professor of Physics. Dr. Campbell received his PhD from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and in 1982, was awarded a DSc from the same institution.
KLAS G. MALMQVIST is Dean of the School of Engineering Physics at the Lund Institute of Technology. Since 1990, Dr. Malmqvist has been a Professor of Physics and Chair of Applied Nuclear Physics. Dr. Malmqvist received his PhD in nuclear physics from the Lund Institute of Technology in 1981 and qualified as Docent in Engineering Physics in 1986.
Table of Contents
Instrumentation, Fundamentals, and Quantification (J. Campbell).
The High-Energy Ion Microprobe (F. Watt & G. Grime).
Biological and Medical Applications (K. Malmqvist).
Compositional Analysis of Atmospheric Aerosols (T. Cahill).
Applications in Earth Sciences (J. Campbell).
Applications in Art and Archaeology (K. Malmqvist).
Comparison with Other Methods: Future Prospects (S. Johansson & J. Campbell).
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