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Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness

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Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness Cover

 

Synopses & Reviews

Publisher Comments:

Bergson argues for free will by showing that the arguments against it come from a confusion of different conceptions of time. As opposed to physicists' idea of measurable time, life is perceived in human experience as a continuous and immeasurable flow rather than as a succession of marked-off states of consciousness.

Description:

Includes bibliographical references (p. ix-xviii) and index.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I

  THE INTENSITY OF PSYCHIC STATES

    Quantitative differences applicable to magnitudes but not to intensities

    Attempt to estimate intensities by objective causes or atomic movements

    Different kinds of intensities

    "Deep-seated psychic states : desire, hope, joy and sorrow"

    "Aesthetic feelings: grace, beauty, music, poetry, art"

    "Moral feelings, pity"

    "Conscious states involving physical symptoms: muscular effort, attention and muscular tension"

    "Violent emotions: rage, fear"

    "Affective sensations: pleasure and pain, disgust"

    "Representative sensations: and external causes, sensation of sound, intensity, pitch and muscular effort, sensations of heat and cold, sensations of pressure and weight, sensation of light, photometric experiments"

    Delbœuf's experiments

    "Psychophysics: Weber and Fechner, Delbœuf, the mistake of regarding sensations as magnitudes"

    "Intensity in (I) representative, (2) affective states, intensity and multiplicity"

CHAPTER II

  THE MULTIPLICITY OF CONSCIOUS STATES

    THE IDEA OF DURATION

      "Number and its units, number and accompanying intuition of space"

      "Two kinds of multiplicity of material objects and conscious states, impenetrability of matter, homogeneous time and pure duration"

      "Space and its contents, empirical theories of space, intuition of empty homogeneous medium peculiar to man, time as homogenous medium peculiar to man, time as homogeneous medium reducible to space"

      "Duration, succession and space, pure duration"

      Is duration measurable?

      Is motion measurable?

      Paradox of the Eleatics

      Duration and simultaneity

      Velocity and simultaneity

      "Space alone homogenous, duration and succession belong to conscious mind"

      "Two kinds of multiplicity, qualitative and quantitative, superficial psychic states invested with discontinuity of their external causes, these eliminated, real duration is felt as a quality"

      ###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################

      Problems soluble only by recourse to the concrete and living self

CHAPTER III

  THE ORANIZATION OF CONSCIOUS STATES

    FREE WILL

      Dynamism and mechanism

      Two kinds of determinism

      ###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################

      "Psychological determinism: implies associationist conception of mind, this involves defective conception of self"

      The free act: freedom as expressing the fundamental self

      "Real duration and contingency: could our act have been different ?, geometrical representation of process of coming to a decision, the fallacies to which it leads determinists and libertarians"

      ###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################

      ###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################

      Freedom real but indefinalbe

CONCLUSION

  States of self perceived through forms borrowed from external world

  Intensity as quality

  Duration as qualitative multiplicity

  No duration in the external world

  Extensity and duration must be separated

  Only the fundamental self free

  "Kant's mistaken idea of time as homogeneous, hence he put the self which is free outside both space and time"

  "Duration is heterogeneous, relation of psychic state to act is unique, and act is free"

INDEX

Product Details

ISBN:
9780486417677
Author:
Bergson, Henri
Publisher:
Dover Publications
Author:
Bergson, Henri
Location:
Mineola, N.Y.
Subject:
Consciousness
Subject:
Free Will & Determinism
Subject:
Free will and determinism
Subject:
Space and time
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
General Philosophy
Subject:
Philosophy : General
Edition Description:
Trade Paper
Series Volume:
no. 44
Publication Date:
20010631
Binding:
TRADE PAPER
Language:
English
Pages:
262
Dimensions:
8.5 x 5.38 in 0.73 lb

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