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Other titles in the Collection Alea-Saclay: Monographs & Texts in Statistical Physics series:
Physics of Crystal Growthby Alberto Pimpinelli
Synopses & Reviews
This text discusses the physical principles of how and why crystals grow. It introduces the fundamental properties of crystal surfaces at equilibrium, and describes simple models and basic concepts of crystal growth including diffusion, thermal smoothing of a surface, and applications to semiconductors. It also covers more complex topics such as kinetic roughness, growth instabilities, and elastic effects, as well as the crucial contributions of crystal growth in electronics during this century. The book focuses on growth using molecular beam epitaxy. Throughout, the emphasis is on the role played by modern statistical physics. Informative appendices, interesting exercises and an extensive bibliography reinforce the text.
This book for graduate students and researchers is a comprehensive account of surface and crystal growth physics. Beginning with simple models and basic concepts, the book goes on to discuss more complex topics. A brief closing chapter looks at the crucial contributions of crystal growth in electronics this century. Many problems are included. Written by two internationally respected authors, this volume will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in solid state physics, surface physics and materials science.
Introduces the physical principles of how and why crystals grow; for graduate students and researchers.
Table of Contents
Preface; List of symbols; 1. Morphology of a crystal surface; 2. Surface free energy, step free energy, and chemical potential; 3. The equilibrium crystal shape; 4. Growth and dissolution crystal shapes: Frankâ€™s model; 5. Crystal growth: the abc; 6. Growth and evaporation of a stepped surface; 7. Diffusion; 8. Thermal smoothing of a surface; 9. Silicon and other semiconducting materials; 10. Growth instabilities of a planar front; 11. Nucleation and the adatom diffusion length; 12. Growth roughness at long lengthscales in the linear approximation; 13. The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation; 14. Growth without evaporation; 15. Elastic interactions between defects on a crystal surface; 16. General equations of an elastic solid; 17. Technology, crystal growth and surface science; Appendices; References; Index.
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